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Hesburgh Libraries

Rare Books & Special Collections

Guide to the Jackson Family Correspondence

MSN/CW 5067

 

Collection Summary

Title: Jackson Family Correspondence
Dates: 1852-ca.1866
Collection No.: MSN/CW 5067
Creator: Jackson, Archibald A., 1835-1864
Creator: Jackson, Effie Jane, b. 1841
Extent: 1 container plus 1 photograph container; 1 linear foot
Language: Collection material in English
Repository: University of Notre Dame. Hesburgh Libraries, Department of Special Collections. 102 Hesburgh Library, Notre Dame, IN 46556
Abstract: A group of around 60 manuscript personal letters, almost all written by and/or to members of the Jackson family of Moore County, North Carolina before and during the Civil War. The collection includes letters of eleven Confederate States soldiers, serving in the 26th or 30th North Carolina Infantry or the 2nd North Carolina Cavalry.

Selected Search Terms

United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Correspondence
Confederate States of America. Army. North Carolina Infantry Regiment, 30th
Confederate States of America. Army. North Carolina Cavalry Regiment, 2nd
Confederate States of America. Army. North Carolina Infantry Regiment, 26th
North Carolina -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865
Moore County (N.C.) -- History
Scottish Americans -- North Carolina -- History

Administrative Information

Restrictions: There are no access restrictions on this collection

Preferred Citation: [Identification of item], Jackson Family Correspondence, [Collection and folder no.], Department of Rare Books and Special Collections, Hesburgh Libraries of Notre Dame.

Acquisition and Processing Note: The Jackson Family Correspondence was purchased by the Hesburgh Libraries from Bloomsbury Auctions, New York (lot 122, auction of 9 April 2008: "The Civil War featuring the collection of Douglas O'Dell, late proprietor of Chapel Hill Rare Books"). A previous owner of the collection was Dr. Mary Margaret McLeod (1910-1999), descendent of the Duncan McLeod who married Effie Jane Jackson in 1866. Acquisition funded by Robert and Beverly O'Grady. Arranged and described by George Rugg, 2010. Finding aid by Mairead O'Malley and George Rugg, 2012/2015.

Biographical Note

The central figures in the correspondence are five sons and daughters of James C. Jackson (ca.1816-1862), a farmer with a small parcel of land near Pocket, Moore County (later Lee County), North Carolina, in the eastern Piedmont. These siblings are:

1. Archibald A. Jackson (1835-1864), identified in the 1860 Federal census as a turpentine distiller living near Crain's Creek in Moore County. Served in Co. H, 30th North Carolina Infantry from 1861 to May 1864, rising to 2nd lieutenant. Died of wounds inflicted at Spotsylvania, 19 May 1864.

2. Dicy Ann Jackson (b. 1837), m. Cpl. William S. Caveness, Co I, 2nd North Carolina Cavalry 21 April 1864.

3. Burgess C. Jackson (1839-1864), m. M. M. Bethune 1861; served in Co. H, 30th North Carolina Infantry May 1862 to May 1864; killed at Spotsylvania 12 May 1864.

4. Effie Jane Jackson (b. 1841), m. Duncan Murchison McLeod (formerly Co. H, 26th North Carolina Infantry) 17 January 1866.

5. Gorrel ("Gorry") Jackson (b. 1845), served in Co. I, 2nd North Carolina Cavalry from April 1864.

The North Carolina families represented in the correspondence are almost exclusively Scottish-American, descendents of the Highland Scots who settled the Upper Cape Fear Valley from the mid-eighteenth century. Spelling in the letters is often idiosyncratic, and the prose formulaic.

Scope and Content Note

Nineteen of the letters in the group predate the Civil War. Many of these were written to Archibald Jackson by relatives who had settled outside Moore County. Of the forty wartime letters in the collection, eleven were written by Archibald Jackson during his time in the army; ten more were written by Burgess or Gorry Jackson during their own periods of service. These were mainly directed home to Moore County, most notably to two of the Jacksons' sisters, Dicy Ann and Effie Jane. Most of Archibald Jackson's letters were written from December 1862 to April 1864, from camps in Virginia, when the 30th North Carolina was attached to the Army of Northern Virginia. Many of Burgess Jackson's were written from hospitals in Richmond. The collection also includes wartime letters to the Jacksons from a number of other individuals, including at least eight Confederate States soldiers, most of them residents of Moore County serving in Co. H, 30th North Carolina Infantry; Co. I, 2nd North Carolina Cavalry; or Co. H, 26th North Carolina Infantry. Also present are a small wartime commonplace book kept by Effie Jackson, and four family photographs.

Arrangement Note

The letters in the collection are sequenced first, and are arranged chronologically, one item per folder (folders 1 to 59). Miscellaneous materials follow (folders 60 to 66).

Container List

  • Letter. Neill McGregor, Louisville, Alabama, to "Dear Sir" [Archibald Jackson], n.p., 1852 June 13. Folder 1 (MSN/CW 5067-1).
    ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet. Like most of the letters (and covers) in the collection, this item has been trimmed and laminated with tissue, apparently at the North Carolina State Archives.
    The author (b. ca. 1815) left Cumberland County, North Carolina in 1851, establishing a farm in Barbour County, Alabama.
    • Letter. Neill McGregor, Louisville, Alabama, to Archibald Jackson, n.p., 1855 April 2. Folder 2 (MSN/CW 5067-2).
      ALS, 4 pages on 1 folded sheet, with envelope. Laminated.
      • Letter. Hugh McGregor, Sumterville, South Carolina, to Archibald Jackson, n.p., 1855 April 27. Folder 3 (MSN/CW 5067-3).
        ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet. Laminated.
        The author is Archibald Jackson's uncle.
        • Letter. Angush Darrach and Hugh McGregor, Sumter District, South Carolina, to Archibald Jackson, n.p., 1855 October 20. Folder 4 (MSN/CW 5067-4).
          ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet.
          • Letter. [Angush Darrach], Sumter District, South Carolina, to "Dier Sir" [Archibald Jackson], n.p., 1856 May 25. Folder 5 (MSN/CW 5067-5).
            AL, 1 page on 1 sheet; lacking subsequent sheet(s). Laminated.
            • Letter. Hugh McGregor, Sumter, South Carolina, to Archibald Jackson, n.p., 1857 March 13. Folder 6 (MSN/CW 5067-6).
              ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet. Laminated.
              • Letter. Angush Darroch, Cumberland County, North Carolina, to Archibald Jackson, n.p., 1857 May 3. Folder 7 (MSN/CW 5067-7).
                ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet. Laminated.
                • Letter. Hugh McGregor, Darlington District, South Carolina, to Archibald Jackson, n.p., 1857 July 5. Folder 8 (MSN/CW 5067-8).
                  ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet. Laminated.
                  • Letter. Hugh McGregor, Darlington District, South Carolina, to Archibald Jackson, n.p., 1857 July 26. Folder 9 (MSN/CW 5067-9).
                    ALS, 1 page on 1 sheet. Laminated.
                    • Letter. Hugh McGregor, Camden, New Jersey, to Dicy Ann Jackson, n.p., 1857 September 28. Folder 10 (MSN/CW 5067-10).
                      ALS, 3 pages on 1 folded sheet. Laminated.
                      • Letter. Hugh McGregor, Georgetown, South Carolina, to Archibald Jackson, n.p., 1858 March 17. Folder 11 (MSN/CW 5067-11).
                        ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet. Laminated.
                        • Letter. Isabella Johnson, Gilopolis, North Carolina, to Archibald Jackson, Crain's Creek, North Carolina, 1859 March 3. Folder 12 (MSN/CW 5067-12).
                          ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet, with envelope. Laminated.
                          The author is Archibald Jackson's cousin.
                          • Letter. John W. McGregor, Anson County, North Carolina, to "Dear Cousin" [Archibald Jackson], 1859 March 3. Folder 13 (MSN/CW 5067-13).
                            ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet. Laminated.
                            • Letter. Enoch Garner, Mount Olivet, North Carolina, to Archibald Jackson, n.p., 1859 April 17. Folder 14 (MSN/CW 5067-14).
                              ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet.
                              • Letter. John W. McGregor, n.p., to Archibald Jackson, n.p., [1859 summer]. Folder 15 (MSN/CW 5067-15).
                                ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet; lacking initial page. Laminated.
                                • Letter. Isabella Johnson, n.p., to Archibald Jackson, Crain's Creek, North Carolina, 1859 August 17. Folder 16 (MSN/CW 5067-16).
                                  ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet, with envelope. Laminated.
                                  • Letter. Hugh McGregor, Darlington Court House, South Carolina, to Archibald Jackson, n.p., 1859 October 10. Folder 17 (MSN/CW 5067-17).
                                    ALS, 1 page on 1 sheet.
                                    • Letter. Unidentified, Liverpool, [?], to Effie Jane Jackson, n.p., 1860 February 4. Folder 18 (MSN/CW 5067-18).
                                      AL, 3 pages on 1 folded sheet.
                                      • Letter. Isabella Johnson, Robeson County, North Carolina, to Archibald Jackson, Crain's Creek, North Carolina, 1860 March 25. Folder 19 (MSN/CW 5067-19).
                                        ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet, with envelope. Laminated.
                                        • Letter. John Riddle, n.p., to "Dier Sir", n.p., 1861 November 2. Folder 20 (MSN/CW 5067-20).
                                          ALS, 1 page on 1 sheet. Laminated.
                                          • Letter. James C. Jackson and Dicy Ann Jackson, n.p., to Archibald Jackson, Wilmington, North Carolina, [1861-1862]. Folder 21 (MSN/CW 5067-21).
                                            ALS, 1 page on 1 sheet. Laminated.
                                            A letter written partly by Archibald Jackson's father and partly by his oldest sister. Jackson's 30th North Carolina Infantry was initially attached to the District of Cape Fear, Department of North Carolina (October 1861 to June 1862); it saw little action, spending much of its time at Camp Wyatt near Wilmington.
                                            • Letter. Miss Mary Cole, n.p., to Archibald Jackson, Wilmington, North Carolina, [1861-1862]. Folder 22 (MSN/CW 5067-22).
                                              ALS, 1 page on 1 sheet; lacking initial page. Laminated.
                                              • Letter. D. C. Johnson, Manassas Junction, Virginia, to Daniel Buie and John Johnson, n.p., 1862 January 21. Folder 23 (MSN/CW 5067-23).
                                                ALS, 3 pages on 1 folded sheet. Laminated.
                                                The author is a Confederate soldier writing from winter camp at Manassas, to his brother and a friend in Co. H, 30th North Carolina Infantry. Much of the letter deals with the First Battle of Bull Run, fought the previous July.
                                                • Letter. Florah Ann Campbell, n.p., to Archibald Jackson, Wilmington, North Carolina, 1862 February 25. Folder 24 (MSN/CW 5067-24).
                                                  ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet, with envelope. Laminated.
                                                  • Letter. Effie Jane Graham, Moore County, North Carolina, to Archibald Jackson, n.p., 1862 February Folder 25 (MSN/CW 5067-25).
                                                    ALS, 4 pages on 1 folded sheet. Laminated.
                                                    The author is Archibald Jackson's cousin.
                                                    • Letter. Dicy Ann Jackson, Moore County, North Carolina, to "Dear brother" (Archibald Jackson), n.p., 1864 March 18. Folder 26 (MSN/CW 5067-26).
                                                      ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet. Laminated.
                                                      Though dated 1864, content indicates that this letter was actually written in 1862.
                                                      • Letter. Effie Jane Graham, Moore County, North Carolina, to "Dear Cousin" (Archibald Jackson), n.p., 1862 March 22. Folder 27 (MSN/CW 5067-27).
                                                        ALS, 4 pages on 1 folded sheet. Laminated.
                                                        • Letter. Thomas H. Harrington, Camp near Kinston, North Carolina, to Archibald Jackson and N. McNeill Cole, n.p., 1862 April 10. Folder 28 (MSN/CW 5067-28).
                                                          ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet. Laminated.
                                                          The author was a Moore County resident and member of Co. I, 2nd North Carolina Cavalry. Cole was a member of Co. H, 30th North Carolina Infantry. The letter discusses the battle of New Bern (14 March 1862).
                                                          • Letter. John Nicholson, Kinston, North Carolina, to Effie Jane Jackson, n.p., 1862 April 26. Folder 29 (MSN/CW 5067-29).
                                                            ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet. Laminated.
                                                            The author was a Moore County resident and a member of Co. H, 26th North Carolina Infantry.
                                                            • Letter. Archibald B. Nicholson, Camp near Kinston, North Carolina, to Effie Jane Jackson, n.p., 1862 May 16. Folder 30 (MSN/CW 5067-30).
                                                              ALS, 4 pages on 1 folded sheet. Laminated.
                                                              The author was a member of Co. I, 2nd North Carolina Cavalry.
                                                              • Letter. J. M. Campbell, Jonesboro, North Carolina, to Archibald Jackson, n.p., 1862 July 23. Folder 31 (MSN/CW 5067-31).
                                                                ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet. Laminated.
                                                                The author was a member of Co. H, 30th North Carolina Infantry who was discharged on 12 August, 1862, having furnished a substitute.
                                                                • Letter. Unidentified, Richmond, Virginia, to "Dear uncle", n.p., 1862 August 1. Folder 32 (MSN/CW 5067-32).
                                                                  AL, 2 pages on 1 sheet. Laminated.
                                                                  Speaks of Archibald Jackson's hospitalization in Richmond with typhoid fever.
                                                                  • Letter. Dicy Ann Jackson, Moore County, North Carolina, to Archibald Jackson and Burgess C. Jackson, n.p., 1862 August 4. Folder 33 (MSN/CW 5067-33).
                                                                    ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet. Laminated.
                                                                    • Letter. [Burgess C. Jackson], Winder Hospital, Richmond, Virginia, to Archibald Jackson, n.p., 1862 September 20. Folder 34 (MSN/CW 5067-34).
                                                                      ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet. Laminated.
                                                                      Burgess Jackson, Archibald's younger brother, enlisted in Co. H, 30th North Carolina Infantry on 10 May 1862.
                                                                      • Letter. Burgess C. Jackson, Winder Hospital, Richmond, Virginia, to Archibald Jackson, n.p., 186[2] October 26. Folder 35 (MSN/CW 5067-35).
                                                                        ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet, with envelope. Laminated.
                                                                        • Letter. Burgess C. Jackson, Winder Hospital, Richmond, Virginia, to Archibald Jackson, Crain's Creek, North Carolina, 1862 November 2. Folder 36 (MSN/CW 5067-36).
                                                                          ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet, with envelope. Laminated.
                                                                          • Letter. Burgess C. Jackson, Winder Hospital, Richmond, Virginia, to Archibald Jackson, n.p., 1862 November 19. Folder 37 (MSN/CW 5067-37).
                                                                            ALS, 1 page on 1 sheet. Laminated.
                                                                            • Letter. Duncan McLeod, Lynchburg, Virginia, to Effie Jane Jackson, n.p., 1862 December 2. Folder 38 (MSN/CW 5067-38).
                                                                              ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet. Laminated.
                                                                              The author—the recipient's future husband—was a resident of Moore County serving in Co. H, 26th North Carolina Infantry.
                                                                              • Letter. Archibald Jackson, Richmond, Virginia, to Dicy Ann Jackson and Effie Jane Jackson, n.p., 1862 December 13. Folder 39 (MSN/CW 5067-39).
                                                                                ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet.
                                                                                • Letter. Burgess C. Jackson, Camp near Fredericksburg, Caroline County, Virginia, to Dicy Ann Jackson and Effie Jane Jackson, Crain's Creek, North Carolina, 1863 March 23. Folder 40 (MSN/CW 5067-40).
                                                                                  ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet, with envelope. Laminated.
                                                                                  • Letter. Archibald Jackson, Smallpox hospital near Gines (Gaines?) Station, Virginia, to Dicy Ann Jackson, Effie Jane Jackson, and Gorry Jackson, n.p., 1863 March 26. Folder 41 (MSN/CW 5067-41).
                                                                                    ALS, 4 pages on 1 folded sheet. Laminated.
                                                                                    • Letter. D. C. Shaw, n.p., to Effie Jane Jackson, n.p., 1862 May 16. Folder 42 (MSN/CW 5067-42).
                                                                                      ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet. Laminated.
                                                                                      The author was a Moore County resident and member of Co. H, 30th North Carolina Infantry, recently returned to the regiment after undergoing exchange and parole as a prisoner of war.
                                                                                      • Letter. "Nephew" [Archibald Nicholson], Camp of 2nd North Carolina Cavalry, Essex County, Virginia, to "Dear 'Aunt'" [Dicy Ann Jackson], n.p., 1863 April 1. Folder 43 (MSN/CW 5067-43).
                                                                                        ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet. Laminated.
                                                                                        • Letter. Burgess C. Jackson, Camp near Hamilton's Crossing, Virginia, to Archibald Jackson, n.p., 1863 April 25. Folder 44 (MSN/CW 5067-44).
                                                                                          ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet. Laminated.
                                                                                          • Letter. Archibald Jackson, Camp near Fredericksburg, Virginia, to "Dear Sister", n.p., 1863 April 27. Folder 45 (MSN/CW 5067-45).
                                                                                            ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet. Laminated.
                                                                                            • Letter. Archibald Jackson, Camp near Fredericksburg, Virginia, to Effie Jane Jackson, n.p., 1863 May 15. Folder 46 (MSN/CW 5067-46).
                                                                                              ALS, 4 pages on 1 folded sheet. Laminated.
                                                                                              • Letter. Burgess C. Jackson, Chimborazo Hospital, Richmond, Virginia, to "Dear Sister", n.p., 1863 July 22. Folder 47 (MSN/CW 5067-47).
                                                                                                ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet. Laminated.
                                                                                                Mentions his evacuation with the wounded after Gettysburg.
                                                                                                • Letter. Archibald Jackson, Camp near Madison Court House, Virginia, to "Dear Sister", n.p., 1863 July 30. Folder 48 (MSN/CW 5067-48).
                                                                                                  ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet. Laminated.
                                                                                                  • Letter. Archibald Jackson, Camp 30th Regiment North Carolina Troops near Rapidan River, Virginia, to "Dear Sisters", n.p., 1863 September 29. Folder 49 (MSN/CW 5067-49).
                                                                                                    ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet. Laminated.
                                                                                                    • Letter. Archibald Jackson, Bivouac 30th Regiment North Carolina Troops near Kelly's Ford, Rappahannock River, Virginia, to "Dear Sisters, Mother and Brothers", n.p., [1863] October 26. Folder 50 (MSN/CW 5067-50).
                                                                                                      ALS, 4 pages on 1 folded sheet. Laminated.
                                                                                                      • Letter. Malcolm Brewer, Bivouac 26th North Carolina Troops, Orange Court House, Virginia, to Dicy Ann Jackson and Effie Jane Jackson, n.p., 1863 November 15. Folder 51 (MSN/CW 5067-51).
                                                                                                        ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet. Laminated.
                                                                                                        Malcolm Brewer was a resident of Moore County and a member of Co. H, 26th North Carolina Infantry.
                                                                                                        • Letter. Archibald Jackson, Camp 30th Regiment North Carolina Troops near Morton's Ford, Virginia, to "Dear Sister", n.p., 1863 November 22 . Folder 52 (MSN/CW 5067-52).
                                                                                                          ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet. Laminated.
                                                                                                          • Letter. Archibald Jackson, n.p., to [Effie Jane Jackson?], n.p., [1863 November-December]. Folder 53 (MSN/CW 5067-53).
                                                                                                            ALS, 4 pages on 1 folded sheet; lacking first sheet(s). Laminated.
                                                                                                            • Letter. Effie Jane Jackson, Moore County. North Carolina, to "Dear Brother," [Archibald Jackson], n.p., 1863 December 4. Folder 54 (MSN/CW 5067-54).
                                                                                                              ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet. Laminated.
                                                                                                              • Letter. Archibald Jackson, Camp 30th North Carolina Troops, to unidentified, n.p., 1864 April 5. Folder 55 (MSN/CW 5067-55).
                                                                                                                ALS, 4 pages on 1 folded sheet.
                                                                                                                • Letter. Archibald Jackson, Camp 30th North Carolina Troops, to "Dear Sister", n.p., 1864 April 11. Folder 56 (MSN/CW 5067-56).
                                                                                                                  ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet. Laminated.
                                                                                                                  • Letter. Gorry Jackson, Camp 6 miles from Petersburg, to Effie Jane Jackson and Mary Jane Jackson, n.p., 1864 August 11. Folder 57 (MSN/CW 5067-57).
                                                                                                                    ALS, 4 pages on 1 folded sheet. Laminated.
                                                                                                                    • Letter. Gorry Jackson, Camp of the 2nd North Carolina Cavalry, to Effie Jane Jackson and Mary Jane Jackson, n.p., 1864 October 30. Folder 58 (MSN/CW 5067-58).
                                                                                                                      ALS, 4 pages on 1 folded sheet.
                                                                                                                      • Letter. Gorry Jackson, Camp of the 2nd North Carolina Cavalry, to Effie Jane Jackson, n.p., 1864 November 6. Folder 59 (MSN/CW 5067-59).
                                                                                                                        ALS, 4 pages on 1 folded sheet. Laminated.
                                                                                                                        • Commonplace book of Effie Jane Jackson, ca. 1860s. Folder 60 (MSN/CW 5067-60).
                                                                                                                          1 vol., 13 cm.; 6 leaves, with 8 pages of manuscript entries. Leaves are stitched into the boards of a pocket map of North Carolina (which is not present).
                                                                                                                          Entitled "Effie Jane's Book" (1r). Content consists of Jackson family memoranda (births, deaths, and marriages) and several recipes and remedies.
                                                                                                                          • Newspaper clipping from the Fayetteville (North Carolina) Observer, 1861 September 16. Folder 61 (MSN/CW 5067-61).
                                                                                                                            1 item.
                                                                                                                            Mentions the arrival at Fayetteville of "A fine Cavalry Company from Moore County"; included in the roll is 3rd Sgt. Duncan McLeod, future husband of Effie Jackson.
                                                                                                                            • Miscellaneous envelopes, 1850s-60s. Folder 62 (MSN/CW 5067-62).
                                                                                                                              13 items. Many laminated.
                                                                                                                              • Cased sixth-plate daguerreotype of Archibald A. Jackson, n.d. Folder 63 (MSN/CW 5067-63-P).
                                                                                                                                1 item.
                                                                                                                                • Cased ninth-plate tintype of Archibald A. Jackson, n.d. Folder 64 (MSN/CW 5067-64-P).
                                                                                                                                  1 item.
                                                                                                                                  • Cased ninth-plate ambrotype of Burgess C. Jackson, n.d. Folder 65 (MSN/CW 5067-65-P).
                                                                                                                                    13 items.
                                                                                                                                    • Cased ninth-plate tintype of Duncan McLeod, n.d. Folder 66 (MSN/CW 5067-66-P).
                                                                                                                                      13 items.