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Guide to the Le Rossignol Correspondence

MSE/MD 3821

 

Collection Summary

Title: Le Rossignol Correspondence
Dates: 1914-1919
Collection No.: MSE/MD 3821
Creator: Le Rossignol, Arthur Stanley, 1875-?
Creator: Le Rossignol, Constance Ethel, 1873-1970
Extent: 80 folders; 1 container; .5 linear feet
Language: Collection material in English and French
Repository: University of Notre Dame. Hesburgh Libraries, Department of Special Collections. 102 Hesburgh Library, Notre Dame, IN 46556
Abstract: A collection of personal letters written by Arthur Le Rossignol to his sister, Ethel, while he served in the British Motor Machine Gun Corps on the Western Front during World War I. Also included are letters written by Ethel, her colleague Pierre Pulinekse, and others.

Selected Search Terms

World War, 1914-1918.
World War, 1914-1918 -- Great Britain.
World War, 1914-1918 -- Personal narratives, British.
World War, 1914-1918 -- Great Britain -- Participation, Female.
World War, 1914-1918 -- Hospitals -- France.

Administrative Information

Restrictions: There are no access restrictions on this collection.

Preferred Citation: [Identification of item], Le Rossignol Correspondence, [Collection and folder no.], Department of Special Collections, Hesburgh Libraries of Notre Dame.

Acquisition and Processing Note: The Le Rossignol Correspondence was purchased by the Hesburgh Libraries in February 2014, from Between the Covers Rare Books of Gloucester City, New Jersey. Arranged and described 2014, by Hannah Herbst. Finding aid 2015, by Hannah Herbst.

Biographical Note

Constance "Ethel" Le Rossignol (1873-1970), was born in Buenos Aires, Argentina, to Alfred and Jemima Le Rossignol. Her family was originally from Jersey, England and returned to England before 1891. During the war, Ethel worked as a nurse, primarily in Dieppe in northern France, tending to French soldiers, and her brother, "Arthur" Stanley (1875-?), joined the 7th Battery Motor Machine Guns and moved up the ranks to Staff Captain. Her other brother, Alfred "Ernest" (1869-1951), was awarded Order of the Bath (CB) and reached the rank of colonel during his service in the Corps of London Electrical Engineers. After the war, Ethel became known for her paintings, which she claimed were guided by a spirit she channeled. Arthur's fate is unknown, but his letters suggest he may have become a business partner at an Argentine farm on the Río Colorado.

Scope and Content Note

The Le Rossignol correspondence consists of 45 letters written from Arthur Stanley Le Rossignol to his sister, Constance Ethel, from his position on the Western Front during World War I. There are additional letters written by Arthur (5), Ethel's colleague Pierre Pulinekse (4), Ethel herself to her Aunt Anna Le Rossignol (4), and others. The bulk of correspondence took place in 1918. The letters cover topics of cultural interest, such as British-German animosity and perceptions of the war. Most of Arthur's letters are vague and do not reveal his location or the details of military operations. His correspondence covers the period 1914-1919. All together, there are 52 letters, 42 envelopes, 14 post cards, a photograph album, a telegram, a copy of strategic battle plans, a pamphlet, and other miscellaneous items.

Arrangement Note

The collection is arranged in one series, with dated correspondence placed first in chronological order. Typically, there is one item per folder.

Container List

  • Series 1: Correspondence 
    • Folder 1 (MSE/MD 3821-1) Arthur Le Rossignol, Kensington, London, England, to Anna Le Rossignol, Jersey, Channel Islands, 1914 October 24. ALS, 4 pages, with envelope.
      • Folder 2 (MSE/MD 3821-2) Ernest Le Rossignol, Lancaster Lodge, Ireland, to Anna Le Rossignol, n. p., 1914 October 24. ALS, 5 pages.
        • Folder 3 (MSE/MD 3821-3) Arthur Le Rossignol, Surrey, England, to Ethel Le Rossignol, n. p., 1915 January 11. ALS, 3 pages.
          • Folder 4 (MSE/MD 3821-4) Arthur Le Rossignol, Surrey, England, to Ethel Le Rossignol, n. p., 1915 January 19. ALS, 3 pages.
            • Folder 5 (MSE/MD 3821-5) Arthur Le Rossignol, Surrey, England, to Ethel Le Rossignol, n. p., 1915 February 2. ALS, 4 pages.
              • Folder 6 (MSE/MD 3821-6) Arthur Le Rossignol, Surrey, England, to Ethel Le Rossignol, n. p., 1915 February 17. ALS, 4 pages.
                • Folder 7 (MSE/MD 3821-7) Arthur Le Rossignol, to Ethel Le Rossignol, n. p., 1915 April 6. ALS, 3 pages.
                  • Folder 8 (MSE/MD 3821-8) Arthur Le Rossignol, Hampshire, England, to Ethel Le Rossignol, Dieppe, France, 1915 April 8. ALS, 2 pages with envelope.
                    • Folder 9 (MSE/MD 3821-9) Arthur Le Rossignol, Havre, France, to Ethel Le Rossignol, Dieppe, France, 1915 April 13. ALS, 1 page with envelope.
                      • Folder 10 (MSE/MD 3821-10) Arthur Le Rossignol, to Ethel Le Rossignol, Dieppe, France, 1915 April 21. APCS, 1 postcard.
                        • Folder 11 (MSE/MD 3821-11) Arthur Le Rossignol, France, to Ethel Le Rossignol, Dieppe, France, 1915 April 21. ALS, 3 pages with envelope.
                          • Folder 12 (MSE/MD 3821-12) Arthur Le Rossignol, France, to Ethel Le Rossignol, Dieppe, France, 1915 April 29. ALS, 1 page with envelope.
                            • Folder 13 (MSE/MD 3821-13) Arthur Le Rossignol, to Ethel Le Rossignol, Dieppe, France, 1915 May 4. APCS, 1 postcard.
                              • Folder 14 (MSE/MD 3821-14) Arthur Le Rossignol, to Ethel Le Rossignol, Dieppe, France, 1915 May 6. 1 envelope.
                                • Folder 15 (MSE/MD 3821-15) Ethel Le Rossignol, Dieppe, France, to Anna Le Rossignol, Jersey, Channel Islands, 1915 June 15. ALS, 4 pages with envelope.
                                  • Folder 16 (MSE/MD 3821-16) Ethel Le Rossignol, Dieppe, France, to Anna Le Rossignol, Jersey, Channel Islands, 1915 July 15. ALS, 4 pages with envelope.
                                    This letter was censored.
                                    • Folder 17 (MSE/MD 3821-17) Ethel Le Rossignol, Army Post Office, France, to Anna Le Rossignol, Jersey, Channel Islands, 1915 October 27. ALS, 2 pages with envelope.
                                      • Folder 18 (MSE/MD 3821-18) Ethel Le Rossignol, Army Post Office, France, to unidentified, n. p., 1916 July 31. ALS, 3 pages.
                                        • Folder 19 (MSE/MD 3821-19) Arthur Le Rossignol, to Ethel Le Rossignol, n. p., 1916 August 11. ALS, 4 pages.
                                          • Folder 20 (MSE/MD 3821-20) Arthur Le Rossignol, to Ethel Le Rossignol, Kensington, London, England, 1916 August 15. 1 envelope.
                                            • Folder 21 (MSE/MD 3821-21) Arthur Le Rossignol, to Ethel Le Rossignol, Radnov, France, 1916 September 6. ALS, 4 pages with envelope.
                                              • Folder 22 (MSE/MD 3821-22) Arthur Le Rossignol, to Ethel Le Rossignol, n. p., 1917 April 23. 1 page.
                                                • Folder 23 (MSE/MD 3821-23) Ethel Le Rossignol, Amiens, France, to Anna Le Rossignol, Jersey, Channel Islands, 1917 June 15. ALS, 4 pages with envelope.
                                                  • Folder 24 (MSE/MD 3821-24) Arthur Le Rossignol, to Ethel Le Rossignol, Amiens, France, 1917 July 11. ALS, 2 pages with envelope.
                                                    • Folder 25 (MSE/MD 3821-25) Arthur Le Rossignol, to Ethel Le Rossignol, Zuydcoote, France, 1917 August 28. ALS, 1 page with envelope.
                                                      • Folder 26 (MSE/MD 3821-26) Arthur Le Rossignol, to Ethel Le Rossignol, Zuydcoote, France, 1917 October 2. ALS, 1 page with envelope.
                                                        • Folder 27 (MSE/MD 3821-27) Athur Le Rossignol, to Ethel Le Rossignol, Kensington, London, England, 1917 October 19. ALS, 1 page with envelope.
                                                          • Folder 28 (MSE/MD 3821-28) Arthur Le Rossignol, to Ethel Le Rossignol, Kensington, London, England, 1917 November 4. ALS, 3 pages with envelope.
                                                            • Folder 29 (MSE/MD 3821-29) Jupre Mafor (?), Hôpital 103, Amiens, France, to Ethel Le Rossignol, n. p., 1917 November 4. ALS, 3 pages.
                                                              The letter is in French.
                                                              • Folder 30 (MSE/MD 3821-30) Arthur Le Rossignol, to Ethel Le Rossignol, Kensington, London, England, 1917 December 14. ALS, 1 page with envelope.
                                                                Le Rossignol has been promoted from Staff Lieutenant 1st Class to Staff Captain.
                                                                • Folder 31 (MSE/MD 3821-31) Pierre Pulinekse, Hôpital Militaire Belge, France, to Ethel Le Rossignol, Kensington, London, England, 1917 December 18. ALS, 3 pages with envelope.
                                                                  The letter is in French.
                                                                  • Folder 32 (MSE/MD 3821-32) Arthur Le Rossignol, to Ethel Le Rossignol, Kensington, London, England, 1918 January 3. ALS, 1 page with envelope.
                                                                    • Folder 33 (MSE/MD 3821-33) De La Panouse (?), London, England, to Ethel Le Rossignol, Kensington, London, England, 1918 January 4. TLS, 1 page.
                                                                      Sent on behalf of The London Committee of the French Red Cross.
                                                                      • Folder 34 (MSE/MD 3821-34) Arthur Le Rossignol, to Ethel Le Rossignol, n. p., 1918 Janurary 16. ALS, 1 page.
                                                                        • Folder 35 (MSE/MD 3821-35) Arthur Le Rossignol, to Ethel Le Rossignol, Kensington, London, England, 1918 January 18. 1 envelope.
                                                                          • Folder 36 (MSE/MD 3821-36) Arthur Le Rossignol, to Ethel Le Rossignol, Jersey, Channel Islands 1918 January 31. APCS, 1 postcard with envelope.
                                                                            • Folder 37 (MSE/MD 3821-37) Lieutenant Barrell, Base France, to Arthur Le Rossignol, 30th Division, 1918 February 13. ALS, 2 items.
                                                                              There are two letters, one from Le Rossignol, and one from Barrell in response. The response is sent on behalf of Command Payment Base France.
                                                                              • Folder 38 (MSE/MD 3821-38) Arthur Le Rossignol, to Ethel Le Rossignol, Jersey, Channel Islands, 1918 March 2. APCS, 1 postcard with envelope.
                                                                                • Folder 39 (MSE/MD 3821-39) Arthur Le Rossignol, to Ethel Le Rossignol, Jersey, Channel Islands, 1918 March 13. ALS, 1 page with envelope.
                                                                                  • Folder 40 (MSE/MD 3821-40) Pierre Pulinekse, Somme, France, to Ethel Le Rossignol, Jersey, Channel Islands, 1918 March 23. ALS, 4 pages with envelope.
                                                                                    The letter is in French.
                                                                                    • Folder 41 (MSE/MD 3821-41) Arthur Le Rossignol, to Miss Le Rossignol, Jersey, Channel Islands, 1918 March 29. APCS, 1 postcard.
                                                                                      Le Rossignol addresses the postcard as though it is for his Aunt Anna. His letters to Ethel can be differentiated because he addresses them to "Miss C.E. Le Rossignol," when she is in the same location as Anna Le Rossignol, rather than simply "Miss Le Rossignol."
                                                                                      • Folder 42 (MSE/MD 3821-42) Arthur Le Rossignol, to Miss Le Rossignol, Jersey, Channel Islands, 1918 April 3. APCS, 1 postcard.
                                                                                        Like the postcard previous, this is most likely addressed to Le Rossignol's Aunt Anna.
                                                                                        • Folder 43 (MSE/MD 3821-43) Arthur Le Rossignol, to Ethel Le Rossignol, n. p., 1918 April 8. ALS, 1 page.
                                                                                          • Folder 44 (MSE/MD 3821-44) Arthur Le Rossignol, to Ethel Le Rossignol, Jersey, Channel Islands, 1918 April 15. APCS, 1 postcard.
                                                                                            • Folder 45 (MSE/MD 3821-45) Arthur Le Rossignol, to Ethel Le Rossignol, Kensington, London, England, 1918 April 21. ALS, 2 pages with envelope.
                                                                                              • Folder 46 (MSE/MD 3821-46) Arthur Le Rossignol, to Ethel Le Rossignol, n. p., 1918 May 4. ALS, 1 page.
                                                                                                • Folder 47 (MSE/MD 3821-47) Pierre Pulinekse, Soligny-la-Trappe, France, to Ethel Le Rossignol, London, England, 1918 May 5. ALS, 2 pages with envelope.
                                                                                                  The letter is in French.
                                                                                                  • Folder 48 (MSE/MD 3821-48) [Arthur] Stanley Le Rossignol, to Ethel Le Rossignol, London, England, 1918 May 21. ALS, 1 page with envelope.
                                                                                                    This is the only letter where Le Rossignol signed with "Stanley" rather than "Arthur."
                                                                                                    • Folder 49 (MSE/MD 3821-49) Arthur Le Rossignol, to Ethel Le Rossignol, n. p. 1918 June 3. APCS, 1 postcard.
                                                                                                      • Folder 50 (MSE/MD 3821-50) Arthur Le Rossignol, to Ethel Le Rossignol, London, England, 1918 June 3. 1 envelope.
                                                                                                        • Folder 51 (MSE/MD 3821-51) B. H. Stevens, London, England, to Ethel Le Rossignol, n. p., 1918 June 8. TLS, 1 page.
                                                                                                          Sent on behalf of the Church Army Soldiers' Hostel.
                                                                                                          • Folder 52 (MSE/MD 3821-52) Arthur Le Rossignol, to Ethel Le Rossignol, Kensington, London, England, 1918 June 14. ALS, 2 pages with envelope.
                                                                                                            • Folder 53 (MSE/MD 3821-53) Arthur Le Rossignol, France, to Ethel Le Rossignol, Kensington, London, England, 1918 June 26. L, 1 page (telegram) with envelope.
                                                                                                              • Folder 54 (MSE/MD 3821-54) Arthur Le Rossignol, to Ethel Le Rossignol, n. p., 1918 August 2. APCS, 1 postcard.
                                                                                                                • Folder 55 (MSE/MD 3821-55) Arthur Le Rossignol, to Ethel Le Rossignol, Kensington, London, England, 1918 August 2. 1 envelope.
                                                                                                                  • Folder 56 (MSE/MD 3821-56) Arthur Le Rossignol, to Mary and Ernest Le Rossignol, n. p., 1918 August 7. APCS, 1 postcard.
                                                                                                                    Mary is Ernest Le Rossignol's wife.
                                                                                                                    • Folder 57 (MSE/MD 3821-57) Arthur Le Rossignol, to Ethel Le Rossignol, Kensington, London, England, 1918 September 3. 1 envelope.
                                                                                                                      • Folder 58 (MSE/MD 3821-58) Arthur Le Rossignol, Boulogne-sur-Mer, France, to Ethel Le Rossignol, n. p., 1918 September 3. 3 items.
                                                                                                                        • Folder 59 (MSE/MD 3821-59) Arthur Le Rossignol, to Ethel Le Rossignol, n. p., 1918 September 25. ALS, 2 pages.
                                                                                                                          • Folder 60 (MSE/MD 3821-60) unidentified, n. p., to Ethel Le Rossignol, Dorset, England, 1918 September 26. PC, 1 postcard.
                                                                                                                            • Folder 61 (MSE/MD 3821-61) Arthur Le Rossignol, to Ethel Le Rossignol, Dorset, England, 1918 September 30. 1 envelope.
                                                                                                                              • Folder 62 (MSE/MD 3821-62) Arthur Le Rossignol, to Ethel Le Rossignol, Kensington, London, England, 1918 October 12. ALS, 1 page with envelope.
                                                                                                                                • Folder 63 (MSE/MD 3821-63) Arthur Le Rossignol, to Anna Le Rossignol, n. p., 1918 October 12. ALS, 1 page.
                                                                                                                                  • Folder 64 (MSE/MD 3821-64) Arthur Le Rossignol, to Ethel Le Rossignol, Kensington, London, England, 1918 October 17. ALS, 1 page with envelope.
                                                                                                                                    • Folder 65 (MSE/MD 3821-65) Pierre Pulinekse, Vernon, France, to Ethel Le Rossignol, n. p., 1918 November 2. ALS, 3 pages with envelope.
                                                                                                                                      The letter is in French.
                                                                                                                                      • Folder 66 (MSE/MD 3821-66) Arthur Le Rossignol, to Ethel Le Rossignol, Kensington, London, England, 1918 November 14. 1 envelope.
                                                                                                                                        • Folder 67 (MSE/MD 3821-67) Arthur Le Rossignol, to Ethel Le Rossignol, n. p., 1918 November 28. ALS, 1 page.
                                                                                                                                          • Folder 68 (MSE/MD 3821-68) Arthur Le Rossignol, to Ethel Le Rossignol, Dorset, England, 1919 January 11. ALS, 1 page with envelope.
                                                                                                                                            • Folder 69 (MSE/MD 3821-69) Arthur Le Rossignol, to Ethel Le Rossignol, n. p., 1919 January 26. ALS, 3 pages.
                                                                                                                                              • Folder 70 (MSE/MD 3821-70) Arthur Le Rossignol, to Ethel Le Rossignol, Kensington, London, England, 1919 February 1. ALS, 2 pages with envelope.
                                                                                                                                                • Folder 71 (MSE/MD 3821-71) Arthur Le Rossignol, Michelham, France, to Ethel Le Rossignol, n. p., 1919 March 2. ALS, 3 pages.
                                                                                                                                                  Michelham was a hospital for officers.
                                                                                                                                                  • Folder 72 (MSE/MD 3821-72) Arthur Le Rossignol, to Ethel Le Rossignol, Kensington, London, England, 1919 March 16. ALS, 4 pages with envelope.
                                                                                                                                                    • Folder 73 (MSE/MD 3821-73) Arthur Le Rossignol, to Anna Le Rossignol, n. p. 1919 March 29. ALS, 4 pages.
                                                                                                                                                      • Folder 74 (MSE/MD 3821-74) Arthur Le Rossignol, to Ethel Le Rossignol, n. p., circa 1918. APCS, 1 postcard.
                                                                                                                                                        This letter appears to be written shortly after the Armistice. Arthur is very happy with the terms of the Armistice, calling them "good [and] stiff."
                                                                                                                                                        • Folder 75 (MSE/MD 3821-75) unidentified, n. p., to unidentified, n. p., n. d. PC, 1 postcard.
                                                                                                                                                          • Folder 76 (MSE/MD 3821-76) 30th Division Order No. 167, 1918 April 14. 2 pages.
                                                                                                                                                            The fifteenth copy of the order may have have belonged to Arthur Le Rossignol, who had the duty of A.P.M. (Assistant Provost Marshal).
                                                                                                                                                            • Folder 77 (MSE/MD 3821-77) A Brief History of the 30th Division, circa 1919. 69 pages.
                                                                                                                                                              Arthur Le Rossignol is listed on page 6. Fold-out map is in the back.
                                                                                                                                                              • Folder 78 (MSE/MD 3821-78) Alison Maguerita, circa 1919. 2 items, 12-page booklet and 1-page license.
                                                                                                                                                                There is a license qualifying someone as a "Mechanic Driver" of the Women's Legion Motor Drivers and a ration booklet belonging to Alison Maguerita. No relationship between Maguerita and the Le Rossignols has been found.
                                                                                                                                                                • Folder 79 (MSE/MD 3821-79) Newspaper Clippings, n. d. 2 items.
                                                                                                                                                                  One of the pieces of newspaper lists "Temp. Capt. A. S. Le Rossignol," referring to Arthur Le Rossignol, who was under the paygrade of Staff Captain. The other newspaper piece has a poem titled "Admiral Keyes," written by an unknown author listed as "E. G. B," detailing the raid on the German base "Zeebrugge," by Baron Roger Brownlow Keyes. The relevancy of this second item to the collection is uncertain. The backside has a segment of a story titled "New Way to Deal with Shell Shock," where it is reported that the British have started using electro-shock therapy to treat sufferers of Shell Shock, today known as Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder.
                                                                                                                                                                  • Folder 80 (MSE/MD 3821-80) Photographs of Nurses, n. d. 2 items, both 14 x 9 cm.
                                                                                                                                                                    One of these women is probably Ethel Le Rossignol.
                                                                                                                                                                    • Folder 81 (MSE/MD 3821-81) Photograph Album, n. d. 1 album.
                                                                                                                                                                      96 photographs each measuring 1 x 2.5 in.