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Guide to the Cristero Rebellion Martyrs Postcard Collection

MSH/LAT 0085

 

Collection Summary

Title: Cristero Rebellion Martyrs postcard collection
Dates: circa 1926-1929
Collection No.: MSH/LAT 0085
Extent: 1 linear foot (1 flat box)
Language: Collection material in Spanish and English
Repository: University of Notre Dame. Hesburgh Libraries, Department of Special Collections. 102 Hesburgh Library, Notre Dame, IN 46556
Abstract: A collection of postcards and photographs of Cristero Rebellion (1926-1929) martyrs. Portrait-style images of high-profile martyrs, many of whom have been canonized or beatified by the Catholic Church, predominate, though the collection also includes images of executions and funeral processions.

Selected Search Terms

Cristero Rebellion, 1926-1929
Martyrs--Mexico
Pro, Miguel Agustín, 1891-1927
González Flores, Anacleto, 1888-1927
Asociación Católica de la Juventud Mexicana

Administrative Information

Restrictions: There are no access restrictions on this collection.

Preferred Citation: Cristero Rebellion Martyrs postcard collection, Department of Special Collections, Hesburgh Libraries of Notre Dame.

Acquisition and Processing Note: Arranged and described 2017, by Erika Hosselkus. Finding aid 2017, by Erika Hosselkus.

Scope and Content Note

The Cristero Rebellion Martyrs postcard collection includes 41 black and white silver gelatin postcards and photographs of Cristero Rebellion (1926-1929) martyrs. Many of the images in the collection are 3x5, portrait-style postcards of individuals executed under authority of Mexican president Plutarco Elías Calles. Members of pro-Catholic groups such as the Liga Nacional Defensora de la Libertad Religiosa, the Asociación Católica de la Juventud Mexicana (ACJM), and the Unión Popular (UP) sponsored production of such postcards along with pamphlets and other propaganda designed to commemorate and publicize the devotion and deaths of Cristero activists. The collection includes postcards depicting Father Miguel Pro (beatified 25 September 1988), Luis Segura Vilchis, Humberto Pro, and Juan Tirado Arias, all of whom were implicated in a failed attempt on the life of former Mexican president Álvaro Obregón, in November 1927. Also represented is Anacleto González Flores, a lawyer, active member of the member of the ACJM and founder of the UP, who was executed in Guadalajara. Images of priests and lay devotees active in Jalisco, Guanajuato, and Zacatecas are also present. In addition to portrait-style postcards, the collection contains photographic prints of the executions of the Pro brothers, Vilchis, and Arias as well as post-mortem images of Father Pro and the funeral procession accompanying the brothers' corpses.
Some of the photos in this collection also appear in the Cristero Rebellion Martyrs photo album, Department of Special Collections, Hesburgh Libraries of Notre Dame.
Some also appear in the Fondo Aurelio Acevedo Robles, housed at the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.

Arrangement Note

The collection is arranged in ten folders.

Container List

  • Miguel Agustín Pro, circa 1927. Folder 1 (MSH/LAT 0085-1)
    2 postcards with pencil annotations in Spanish on reverse; 6 photographs, 4 with pen annotations in English on reverse.
    The images depict Father Miguel Pro (beatified 25 September 1988) before, during, and after his 23 November 1927 execution, authorized by Mexican president Plutarco Elías Calles.
    • Luis Segura Vilchis, circa 1927. Folder 2 (MSH/LAT 0085-2)
      1 postcard with pencil annotations on reverse; 2 photographs with pen annotations in English on reverse.
      The images depict Luis Segura Vilchis before and during his 23 November 1927 execution, authorized by Mexican president Plutarco Elías Calles.
      • Humberto Pro, circa 1927. Folder 3 (MSH/LAT 0085-3)
        1 postcard with pencil annotation on reverse; 1 photograph with pen annotation in English on reverse.
        The images depict Humberto Pro before and during his 23 November 1927 execution, authorized by Mexican president Plutarco Elías Calles.
        • Juan Tirado Arias, circa 1927. Folder 4 (MSH/LAT 0085-4)
          1 postcard with pencil annotation on reverse; 1 photograph with pen annotation in English on reverse.
          The images depict Juan Tirado Arias before and during his 23 November 1927 execution, authorized by Mexican president Plutarco Elías Calles.
          • Rafael and Vicente Acevedo, circa 1926-1929. Folder 5 (MSH/LAT 0085-5)
            2 photographs with pen annotations in Spanish on reverse.
            The images depict father, Rafael Acevedo, and son, Vicente Acevedo, prior to their 6 August 1926 executions in Tlaxiaco, Oaxaca, for the crime of distributing Catholic propaganda.
            • Jalisco Martyrs, circa 1926-1929. Folder 6 (MSH/LAT 0085-6)
              7 postcards, 5 with pencil annotations in Spanish on reverse.
              The postcards depict six priests executed during the Cristero Rebellion. Also included is a postcard of Anacleto González Flores, a lawyer and active member of the Asociación Católica de la Juventud Mexicana and founder of the Unión Popular, executed on 1 April 1927, on authority of Mexican president Plutarco Elías Calles (beatified 15 November 2005).
              • León Martyrs, circa 1926-1929. Folder 7 (MSH/LAT 0085-7)
                3 postcards with pencil annotations in Spanish on reverse.
                The postcards depict three members of the Asociación Católica de la Juventud Mexicana from León, Guanajuato executed during the Cristero Rebellion (3 January 1927): José Valencia Gallardo, whose tongue was cut out in response to his cry of ¡Viva Cristo Rey!, Salvador Vargas, and Ezequiel Gómez.
                • Zacatecas Martyrs, circa 1926-1929. Folder 8 (MSH/LAT 0085-8)
                  4 postcards with pencil annotations in Spanish on reverse.
                  The postcards depict Father Luis Bátiz Sainz (canonized 21 May 2000) and three lay Catholic activists from Zacatecas: Manuel Morales (canonized 21 May 2000), Salvador Lara Puente (canonized 21 May 2000), and David Roldán Lara (canonized 21 May 2000). All four men were imprisoned and subsequently executed under authority of Mexican president, Plutarco Elías Calles (15 August 1926). Note that the pencil annotation erroneously associates Lara Puente with León; he was active in Zacatecas.
                  • Other Martyrs, circa 1926-1929. Folder 9 (MSH/LAT 0085-9)
                    7 postcards, 6 with pencil annotations in Spanish on reverse.
                    The postcards depict other Cristero activists including: (1) Leopoldo González (executed 19 August 1927); (2) former Zapatista general Manuel Reyes (executed 20 August 1927); (3) Manuel Melgarejo (executed 12 September 1926); (4) David Uribe Velasco (executed 12 April 1927; canonized 21 May 2000); (5) José García Farfán, chief of the Puebla chapter of the Adoración Nocturna Mexicana (executed 29 July 1926); (5) Armando Tellez Vargas; and, (7) an individual identified in the pencil annotation as "Hermana González," but identified in an identical photo held in the Fondo Aurelio Acevedo Robles as, "H. Mariano González, Coadjutor del G.C. de María."
                    • Funeral Processions, circa 1926-1929. Folder 10 (MSH/LAT 0085-10)
                      2 postcards with pen annotations in Spanish on reverse and blurred stamps from Tlaxiaco, Oaxaca; 1 photo.
                      The two postcards depict a funeral procession, with two coffins - one white and one black - leaving a house and then on the road to a local panteón for burial. The Tlaxiaco, Oaxaca stamps on the reverse of the postcards suggest that this may be the funeral procession of father and son Rafael and Vicente Acevedo (executed 6 August 1926). The photo also depicts a funeral procession. This image may be the procession accompanying the body of the deceased Father Miguel Pro (executed 23 November 1927).