1916 Easter Rising Ephemera Collection
||11 folders; 1 container; .5 linear feet
||Collection material in English, French, and Irish
||University of Notre Dame. Hesburgh Libraries, Department of Special Collections. 102 Hesburgh Library, Notre Dame, IN 46556
An ephemera collection containing reports, speeches, and commemorative materials relating to the Easter Rising of 1916 in Ireland.
Easter Rising, Ireland, 1916.
Dublin (Ireland) -- Buildings, structures, etc. -- Pictorial works.
Restrictions: There are no access restrictions on this collection.
Preferred Citation: [Identification of item], 1916 Easter Rising Ephemera Collection, [Collection and folder no.], Department of Special Collections, Hesburgh Libraries of Notre Dame.
Acquisition and Processing Note: Materials in the 1916 Easter Rising Ephemera Collection were purchased by the Hesburgh Libraries during the period 2009-2015. Arranged and described 2015, by Hannah Herbst. Finding aid 2015, by Hannah Herbst and Aedin Clements.
In the Easter Rising, Irish rebel forces mounted a military action against the British from April 24, 1916, Easter Monday, until they were defeated by the British. After surrendering to the British at the end of the week, the leaders of the rebellion were arrested and sixteen people were executed.The "Proclamation of the Provisional Government of the Irish Republic" was read at the center of the action, Dublin's General Post Office. The seven signatories of the Proclamation were among those executed afterwards. The 1916 Easter Rising is generally seen as a pivotal event in Irish history and in the history of the British Empire as it marks the beginning of the movement which led to the Treaty of 1921 and the formation of an independent Irish state.
This ephemera collection contains descriptions of the Easter Rising including contemporary accounts of the rebellion, commemorative postcards, the texts of speeches, and later commemorative publications. There are two commemorative postcards, two booklets containing photographs of the Rebellion and its aftermath, items relating to commemorations, the text of the last speeches of Thomas MacDonagh and Roger Casement, a verbatim report of the Royal Commission of Inquiry on the treatment of three prisoners, and a contemporary French news magazine.
Materials are arranged by format, typically one item per folder.
- Postcard. Thomas Ashe, n.d. Folder 1 (EPH 5027-1)
Printed by The Gaelic Press, Dublin. The postcard features a photograph portrait of Thomas Ashe and a decorative banner and flags with the text "Sinn Féin Abú" and "1916" and "FF". The card includes an obituary for Thomas Ashe (1882-1917), a volunteer in the Easter Rising who later died in prison from forced feeding when on hunger strike.
- Postcard. Thomas J. Clarke, n.d. Folder 2 (EPH 5027-2)
Printed by Powell Press, Dublin. The postcard features a photograph portrait of Tom Clarke (1858-1916), a leader of the Easter Rising and a signatory of the Proclamation, who was executed on May 3, 1916.
- Handbill. The 16th Anniversary of the Martyrdom of Roger Casement, 1932 August 28. Folder 3 (EPH 5027-3)
1 item, 1 page.
Handbill advertising a memorial event for Roger Casement, organized by the Roger Casement Sinn Fein Club in London, to be held on August 28, 1932.
- Broadside. Last and Inspiring Address by Thomas MacDonagh, n.d. Folder 4 (EPH 5027-4)
1 item, 1 page.
Broadside with the text of the speech made by Thomas MacDonagh (1878-1916) in court following his sentence to death. MacDonagh, one of the leaders of the Easter Rising, was headmaster of St. Enda's School and later taught English at University College Dublin (UCD). In his last address, he thanked the jury for their courtesy and proceeded to make a speech calculated to inspire Irish people to continue in their struggle for independence.
- Leaflet. Speech of Roger Casement from the Dock, n.d. Folder 5 (EPH 5027-5)
1 item, 8 pages, uncut, with photograph portrait of Casement on cover.
Leaflet printed by Fergus O'Connor, Dublin.
Roger Casement (1864-1916), a respected diplomat who had been knighted by the British Crown for his humanitarian work, was involved in planning for the Easter Rising. He sought assistance from Germany, then at war with England, and when he arrived on the south coast of Ireland he was soon arrested, taken to England, and tried for treason. Casement was sentenced to death and executed in Pentonville Prison on August 3, 1916.
- Handbill. Mass Meeting of Irish and Other Workers of Battersea to Commemorate the Sacrifice of Jim Connolly during the Historical Struggle of Easter Week, 1916, . Folder 6 (EPH 5027-6)
1 item, folded, 2 pages.
The handbill is an advertisement for an event organized by the Battersea Trades Council and Labour party (disaffiliatated), scheduled for Wednesday, April 3, 1929. Speakers include S. Saklatvala, M.P., George O'Leary, and Mrs. Emil Burns. The texts of three songs for community singing are included: "Red Flag", "Internationale", and "Irish Soldiers' Song". The second page has a statement on religious freedom, to "Catholic Citizens from the Members of the Irish Delegation to Russia in 1927".
James Connolly (1868-1916), a leader of the Easter Rising, grew up in Britain and became a socialist activist in Ireland in the 1890s, forming the Irish Socialist Republican Party (IRSP) and becoming a leading union organizer and writer. He spent some time in the U.S. where he was involved in the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW). Back in Ireland he became editor of the Irish Worker and commander of the Irish Citizen Army. He led his Citizen Army comrades to join forces with the Volunteers in the Easter Rising, fighting in Dublin's GPO, and was sentenced to death and executed on May 12, 1916.
- Pamphlet. Echo of Irish Rebellion 1916: Verbatim Report of the Proceedings before the Royal Commission; Vindication of Mr. Joseph Edelstein, 1933 March. Folder 7 (EPH 5027-7)
1 item, 65 pages.
Account of the Royal Commission of Inquiry, carried out from August 23, 1916 to September 1, 1916, in the Four Courts, Dublin, to investigate into the facts and circumstances connected with the treatment of Francis Sheehy-Skeffington, Thomas Dickson and Patrick J. McIntyre, who were arrested and murdered under the instructions of Captain John Bowen-Colthurst. Francis Sheehy-Skeffington (1878-1916), pacifist and feminist, was the best-known civilian killed in the Easter Rising. This pamphlet was published with the express objective of demonstrating the innocence of American writer Joseph Edelstein of any participation of knowledge of the affair.
- Booklet. Dublin after the Six Days' Insurrection. Thirty-one Pictures from the Camera of Mr. T. W. Murphy, 1916 June 13. Folder 8 (EPH 5027-8)
1 item, 32 pages.
Booklet contains 29 black and white photographs of scenes in Dublin following the Rising. The photographer, Mr. T. W. Murphy ("The O'Tature") is stated to be sub-editor of The Motor News. Included also are photographs of The Irish War News, the Proclamation, and a page on "The Sinn Fein Rebellion."
- Booklet. A Record of the Irish Rebellion of 1916, . Folder 9 (EPH 5027-9)
1 item, 62 pages.
Booklet with the appearance of a magazine supplement, by the Office of "Irish Life" in Dublin. It includes pages of advertisements, an account of the Easter Rising, and black and white photographs.
- Magazine. Le Miroir, 1916 May 21. Folder 10 (EPH 5027-10)
1 item, 18 pages.
In this weekly magazine of news photography, mostly taken up with coverage of the World War, the Easter Rising is featured on the cover and also on page 14. The cover photograph is of Countess Markievicz after her arrest.
- Newspaper. The 1916 Rising Special Supplement, The Irish Times, 2006 March 28. Folder 11 (EPH 5027-11)
1 item, 16 pages.
Special supplement to mark the Easter Rising's 90th anniversary in association with the Department of Education and Science. 1 folded poster with map of Dublin and a summary of events. The text is in Irish on one side and in English on the reverse.