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Guide to the Albert J. Baldwin Letters

MSN/CW 5089

 

Collection Summary

Title: Albert J. Baldwin Letters
Dates: 1862-1866
Collection No.: MSN/CW 5089
Creator: Baldwin, Albert J. (Albert Jehiel), 1839-1912
Extent: 56 folders; 1 container
Language: Collection material in English
Repository: University of Notre Dame. Hesburgh Libraries, Department of Special Collections. 102 Hesburgh Library, Notre Dame, IN 46556
Abstract: A collection of 55 manuscript personal letters written by Albert J. Baldwin, mostly dating from the author's Civil War service in Battery D, 1st Michigan Light Artillery.

Selected Search Terms

United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Correspondence
United States. Army. Michigan Light Artillery Regiment, 1st (1862-1865)
Chickamauga, Battle of, Ga., 1863
Tennessee -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Campaigns

Administrative Information

Restrictions: There are no access restrictions on this collection

Preferred Citation: Albert J. Baldwin Letters, Department of Special Collections, Hesburgh Libraries of Notre Dame.

Acquisition and Processing Note: The Baldwin letters were purchased by the Hesburgh Libraries in 2011.

Biographical Note

Albert Jehiel Baldwin was born on 9 March 1839 near Union, Branch County, Michigan, the youngest child of the cabinetmaker David Baldwin and his wife Nancy Cooley Baldwin. In the summer of 1862 Albert interrupted his studies at the University of Michigan to join the Federal army, mustering in to Battery D, 1st Michigan Light Artillery (25 August 1862). He remained with Battery D for the duration of the war, rising to corporal (4 November 1864), 1st sergeant (12 March 1865), and 2nd lieutenant (21 June 1865). In 1862-63 Baldwin and the battery served in the field with the armies of the Ohio and the Cumberland; in 1864-65 the battery mostly performed garrison duty, at Nashville and at Fortress Rosecrans near Murfreesboro, Tennessee. After the war Baldwin settled at St. Johns, Clinton Co., Michigan, where he practiced law. In 1870 he married Eva Barker. Baldwin died in Detroit on 5 June 1912.

Scope and Content Note

Of the 55 letters in the collection, 52 were written by Baldwin to his parents during his years with the 1st Michigan Light Artillery. These range in date from 18-19 September 1862 to 13 May 1865, though Baldwin's first year of service is thinly represented; most of the letters were written from September 1863 to the end of the war. Numbering on the letters and the accompanying envelopes suggests that something under half of Baldwin's wartime letters to his parents are present in this particular collection. There are also two pre-war letters and one written post-war, all directed to Baldwin's future wife, Eva Barker. Among the most historically significant letters are those written in the late summer and autumn of 1863, describing the battle of Chickamauga and the siege of Chattanooga.

Arrangement Note

The collection is arranged chronologically, one item per folder.

Container List

  • Letter. Albert J. Baldwin, Ann Arbor, Michigan, to Eva J. Barker, Albion, Michigan, 1862 May 24. Folder 1 (MSN/CW 5089-1).
    ALS, 4 pages on 1 folded sheet, with envelope.
    • Letter. Albert J. Baldwin, Ann Arbor, Michigan, to Eva J. Barker, Albion, Michigan, 1862 January 25. Folder 2 (MSN/CW 5089-2).
      ALS, 4 pages on 1 folded sheet, with envelope.
      • Letter. Albert J. Baldwin, Detroit, Michigan, to David and Nancy Baldwin, Union City, Michigan, 1862 September 18-19. Folder 3 (MSN/CW 5089-3).
        ALS, 4 pages on 1 folded sheet, with envelope.
        • Letter. Albert J. Baldwin, Louisville, Kentucky, to David and Nancy Baldwin, Union City, Michigan, 1862 October 1. Folder 4 (MSN/CW 5089-4).
          ALS, 4 pages on 1 folded sheet, with envelope.
          • Letter. Albert J. Baldwin, Washington County, Kentucky, to David and Nancy Baldwin, Union City, Michigan, 1862 October 8-9. Folder 5 (MSN/CW 5089-5).
            ALS, 6 pages on 2 sheets, with envelope.
            On the battle of Perryville.
            • Letter. Albert J. Baldwin, Bowling Green, Kentucky, to David and Nancy Baldwin, Union City, Michigan, 1862 November 4-5. Folder 6 (MSN/CW 5089-6).
              ALS, 8 pages on 2 folded sheets, with envelope.
              • Letter. Albert J. Baldwin, Triune, Tennessee, to David and Nancy Baldwin, Union City, Michigan, 1863 May 5-7. Folder 7 (MSN/CW 5089-7).
                ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet, with envelope.
                • Letter. Albert J. Baldwin, Triune, Tennessee, to David and Nancy Baldwin, Union City, Michigan, 1863 May 15. Folder 8 (MSN/CW 5089-8).
                  ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet, with envelope.
                  • Letter. Albert J. Baldwin, Lookout Valley, Georgia, to David and Nancy Baldwin, Union City, Michigan, 1863 September 6. Folder 9 (MSN/CW 5089-9).
                    ALS, 6 pages on 2 sheets, with envelope.
                    • Letter. Albert J. Baldwin, Chattanooga Valley, Georgia, to David and Nancy Baldwin, Union City, Michigan, 1863 September 13. Folder 10 (MSN/CW 5089-10).
                      ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet, with envelope.
                      • Letter. Albert J. Baldwin, Chattanooga, Tennessee, to David and Nancy Baldwin, Union City, Michigan, 1863 September 21-23. Folder 11 (MSN/CW 5089-11).
                        ALS, 8 pages on 4 sheets, with envelope.
                        On the battle of Chickamauga (where Baldwin's battery lost its guns).
                        • Letter. Albert J. Baldwin, Chattanooga, Tennessee, to David and Nancy Baldwin, Union City, Michigan, 1863 September 27-28. Folder 12 (MSN/CW 5089-12).
                          ALS, 4 pages on 1 folded sheet, with envelope.
                          More on Chickamauga.
                          • Letter. Albert J. Baldwin, Chattanooga, Tennessee, to David and Nancy Baldwin, Union City, Michigan, 1863 October 4-6. Folder 13 (MSN/CW 5089-13).
                            ALS, 6 pages on 2 sheets, with envelope.
                            • Letter. Albert J. Baldwin, Chattanooga, Tennessee, to David and Nancy Baldwin, Union City, Michigan, 1863 [November] 4. Folder 14 (MSN/CW 5089-14).
                              ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet, with envelope.
                              • Letter. Albert J. Baldwin, Chattanooga, Tennessee, to David and Nancy Baldwin, Union City, Michigan, 1863 November 8. Folder 15 (MSN/CW 5089-15).
                                ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet, with envelope.
                                • Letter. Albert J. Baldwin, Chattanooga, Tennessee, to David and Nancy Baldwin, Union City, Michigan, 1863 November 27-28. Folder 16 (MSN/CW 5089-16).
                                  ALS, 12 pages on 3 folded sheets, with envelope.
                                  On the battles of Missionary Ridge and Lookout Mountain.
                                  • Letter. Albert J. Baldwin, Nashville, Tennessee, to David and Nancy Baldwin, Union City, Michigan, 1863 December 10. Folder 17 (MSN/CW 5089-17).
                                    ALS, 4 pages on 1 folded sheet, with envelope.
                                    • Letter. Albert J. Baldwin, Nashville, Tennessee, to David and Nancy Baldwin, Union City, Michigan, 1863 December 13. Folder 18 (MSN/CW 5089-18).
                                      ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet, with envelope.
                                      • Letter. Albert J. Baldwin, Nashville, Tennessee, to David and Nancy Baldwin, Union City, Michigan, 1863 December 20. Folder 19 (MSN/CW 5089-19).
                                        ALS, 6 pages on 2 sheets, with envelope.
                                        • Letter. Albert J. Baldwin, Nashville, Tennessee, to David and Nancy Baldwin, Union City, Michigan, 1863 December 27. Folder 20 (MSN/CW 5089-20).
                                          ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet, with envelope.
                                          • Letter. Albert J. Baldwin, Nashville, Tennessee, to David and Nancy Baldwin, Union City, Michigan, 1864 January 3-4. Folder 21 (MSN/CW 5089-21).
                                            ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet, with envelope.
                                            • Letter. Albert J. Baldwin, Nashville, Tennessee, to David and Nancy Baldwin, Union City, Michigan, 1864 January 11. Folder 22 (MSN/CW 5089-22).
                                              ALS, 4 pages on 1 folded sheet, with envelope.
                                              • Letter. Albert J. Baldwin, Nashville, Tennessee, to David and Nancy Baldwin, Union City, Michigan, 1864 January 17. Folder 23 (MSN/CW 5089-23).
                                                ALS, 4 pages on 1 folded sheet, with envelope.
                                                • Letter. Albert J. Baldwin, Nashville, Tennessee, to David and Nancy Baldwin, Union City, Michigan, 1864 January 24. Folder 24 (MSN/CW 5089-24).
                                                  ALS, 4 pages on 1 folded sheet, with envelope.
                                                  • Letter. Albert J. Baldwin, Nashville, Tennessee, to David and Nancy Baldwin, Union City, Michigan, 1864 February 14-15. Folder 25 (MSN/CW 5089-25).
                                                    ALS, 4 pages on 1 folded sheet, with envelope.
                                                    • Letter. Albert J. Baldwin, Nashville, Tennessee, to David and Nancy Baldwin, Union City, Michigan, 1864 February 18. Folder 26 (MSN/CW 5089-26).
                                                      ALS, 3 pages on 1 folded sheet, with envelope.
                                                      • Letter. Albert J. Baldwin, Nashville, Tennessee, to David and Nancy Baldwin, Union City, Michigan, 1864 February 25 Folder 27 (MSN/CW 5089-27).
                                                        ALS, 4 pages on 1 folded sheet, with envelope.
                                                        • Letter. Albert J. Baldwin, Nashville, Tennessee, to David and Nancy Baldwin, Union City, Michigan, 1864 March 3. Folder 28 (MSN/CW 5089-28).
                                                          ALS, 4 pages on 1 folded sheet, with envelope.
                                                          • Letter. Albert J. Baldwin, Nashville, Tennessee, to David and Nancy Baldwin, Union City, Michigan, 1864 March 9-13. Folder 29 (MSN/CW 5089-29).
                                                            ALS, 3 pages on 2 sheets, with envelope.
                                                            • Letter. Albert J. Baldwin, Nashville, Tennessee, to David and Nancy Baldwin, Union City, Michigan, 1864 March 22. Folder 30 (MSN/CW 5089-30).
                                                              ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet, with envelope.
                                                              • Letter. Albert J. Baldwin, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, to David and Nancy Baldwin, Union City, Michigan, 1864 May 2. Folder 31 (MSN/CW 5089-31).
                                                                ALS, 4 pages on 1 folded sheet, with envelope.
                                                                • Letter. Albert J. Baldwin, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, to David and Nancy Baldwin, Union City, Michigan, 1864 May 16 Folder 32 (MSN/CW 5089-32).
                                                                  ALS, 4 pages on 1 folded sheet, with envelope.
                                                                  • Letter. Albert J. Baldwin, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, to David and Nancy Baldwin, Union City, Michigan, 1864 May 23-24. Folder 33 (MSN/CW 5089-33).
                                                                    ALS, 4 pages on 1 folded sheet, with envelope.
                                                                    • Letter. Albert J. Baldwin, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, to David and Nancy Baldwin, Union City, Michigan, 1864 July 10-12. Folder 34 (MSN/CW 5089-34).
                                                                      ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet, with envelope.
                                                                      • Letter. Albert J. Baldwin, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, to David and Nancy Baldwin, Union City, Michigan, 1864 October 15. Folder 35 (MSN/CW 5089-35).
                                                                        ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet, with envelope.
                                                                        • Letter. Albert J. Baldwin, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, to David and Nancy Baldwin, Union City, Michigan, 1864 November 4. Folder 36 (MSN/CW 5089-36).
                                                                          ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet, with envelope.
                                                                          • Letter. Albert J. Baldwin, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, to David and Nancy Baldwin, Union City, Michigan, 1864 November 27. Folder 37 (MSN/CW 5089-37).
                                                                            ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet, with envelope.
                                                                            • Letter. Albert J. Baldwin, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, to David and Nancy Baldwin, Union City, Michigan, 1864 December 18. Folder 38 (MSN/CW 5089-38).
                                                                              ALS, 4 pages on 2 sheets, with envelope.
                                                                              • Letter. Albert J. Baldwin, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, to David and Nancy Baldwin, Union City, Michigan, 1864 December 25. Folder 39 (MSN/CW 5089-39).
                                                                                ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet, with envelope.
                                                                                • Letter. Albert J. Baldwin, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, to David and Nancy Baldwin, Union City, Michigan, 1865 January 4. Folder 40 (MSN/CW 5089-40).
                                                                                  ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet, with envelope.
                                                                                  • Letter. Albert J. Baldwin, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, to David and Nancy Baldwin, Union City, Michigan, 1865 January 8. Folder 41 (MSN/CW 5089-41).
                                                                                    ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet, with envelope.
                                                                                    • Letter. Albert J. Baldwin, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, to David and Nancy Baldwin, Union City, Michigan, 1865 January 15. Folder 42 (MSN/CW 5089-42).
                                                                                      ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet, with envelope.
                                                                                      • Letter. Albert J. Baldwin, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, to David and Nancy Baldwin, Union City, Michigan, 1865 January 24 Folder 43 (MSN/CW 5089-43).
                                                                                        ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet, with envelope.
                                                                                        • Letter. Albert J. Baldwin, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, to David and Nancy Baldwin, Union City, Michigan, 1865 February 2. Folder 44 (MSN/CW 5089-44).
                                                                                          ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet, with envelope.
                                                                                          • Letter. Albert J. Baldwin, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, to David and Nancy Baldwin, Union City, Michigan, 1865 February 9. Folder 45 (MSN/CW 5089-45).
                                                                                            ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet, with envelope.
                                                                                            • Letter. Albert J. Baldwin, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, to David and Nancy Baldwin, Union City, Michigan, 1865 February 19. Folder 46 (MSN/CW 5089-46).
                                                                                              ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet, with envelope.
                                                                                              • Letter. Albert J. Baldwin, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, to David and Nancy Baldwin, Union City, Michigan, 1865 February 27. Folder 47 (MSN/CW 5089-47).
                                                                                                ALS, 1 page on 1 sheet, with envelope.
                                                                                                • Letter. Albert J. Baldwin, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, to David and Nancy Baldwin, Union City, Michigan, 1865 March 3-5. Folder 48 (MSN/CW 5089-48).
                                                                                                  ALS, 4 pages on 1 folded sheet, with envelope.
                                                                                                  • Letter. Albert J. Baldwin, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, to David and Nancy Baldwin, Union City, Michigan, 1865 March 13. Folder 49 (MSN/CW 5089-49).
                                                                                                    ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet, with envelope.
                                                                                                    • Letter. Albert J. Baldwin, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, to David and Nancy Baldwin, Union City, Michigan, 1865 March 22. Folder 50 (MSN/CW 5089-50).
                                                                                                      ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet, with envelope.
                                                                                                      • Letter. Albert J. Baldwin, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, to David and Nancy Baldwin, Union City, Michigan, 1865 April 1. Folder 51 (MSN/CW 5089-51).
                                                                                                        ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet, with envelope.
                                                                                                        • Letter. Albert J. Baldwin, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, to David and Nancy Baldwin, Union City, Michigan, 1865 April 19-20. Folder 52 (MSN/CW 5089-52).
                                                                                                          ALS, 4 pages on 1 folded sheet, with envelope.
                                                                                                          • Letter. Albert J. Baldwin, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, to David and Nancy Baldwin, Union City, Michigan, 1865 May 2. Folder 53 (MSN/CW 5089-53).
                                                                                                            ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet, with envelope.
                                                                                                            • Letter. Albert J. Baldwin, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, to David and Nancy Baldwin, Union City, Michigan, 1865 May 13. Folder 54 (MSN/CW 5089-54).
                                                                                                              ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet, with envelope.
                                                                                                              • Letter. Albert J. Baldwin, St. Johns, Michigan, to Eva J. Barker, Marshall, Michigan, 1866 July 15. Folder 55 (MSN/CW 5089-55).
                                                                                                                ALS, 4 pages on 1 folded sheet, with envelope.
                                                                                                                • Envelope. Albert J. Baldwin, Louisville, Kentucky, to David and Nancy Baldwin, Union City, Michigan, 1862 October 24. Folder 56 (MSN/CW 5089-56).