Guide to the Albert J. Baldwin Letters

MSN/CW 5089

 

Collection Summary

Title: Albert J. Baldwin Letters
Dates: 1862-1866
Collection No.: MSN/CW 5089
Creator: Baldwin, Albert J. (Albert Jehiel), 1839-1912
Extent: 56 folders; 1 container
Language: Collection material in English
Repository: University of Notre Dame. Hesburgh Libraries, Department of Special Collections. 102 Hesburgh Library, Notre Dame, IN 46556
Abstract: A collection of 55 manuscript personal letters written by Albert J. Baldwin, mostly dating from the author's Civil War service in Battery D, 1st Michigan Light Artillery.

Selected Search Terms

United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Correspondence
United States. Army. Michigan Light Artillery Regiment, 1st (1862-1865)
Chickamauga, Battle of, Ga., 1863
Tennessee -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Campaigns

Administrative Information

Restrictions: There are no access restrictions on this collection

Preferred Citation: Albert J. Baldwin Letters, Department of Special Collections, Hesburgh Libraries of Notre Dame.

Acquisition and Processing Note: The Baldwin letters were purchased by the Hesburgh Libraries in 2011.

Biographical Note

Albert Jehiel Baldwin was born on 9 March 1839 near Union, Branch County, Michigan, the youngest child of the cabinetmaker David Baldwin and his wife Nancy Cooley Baldwin. In the summer of 1862 Albert interrupted his studies at the University of Michigan to join the Federal army, mustering in to Battery D, 1st Michigan Light Artillery (25 August 1862). He remained with Battery D for the duration of the war, rising to corporal (4 November 1864), 1st sergeant (12 March 1865), and 2nd lieutenant (21 June 1865). In 1862-63 Baldwin and the battery served in the field with the armies of the Ohio and the Cumberland; in 1864-65 the battery mostly performed garrison duty, at Nashville and at Fortress Rosecrans near Murfreesboro, Tennessee. After the war Baldwin settled at St. Johns, Clinton Co., Michigan, where he practiced law. In 1870 he married Eva Barker. Baldwin died in Detroit on 5 June 1912.

Scope and Content Note

Of the 55 letters in the collection, 52 were written by Baldwin to his parents during his years with the 1st Michigan Light Artillery. These range in date from 18-19 September 1862 to 13 May 1865, though Baldwin's first year of service is thinly represented; most of the letters were written from September 1863 to the end of the war. Numbering on the letters and the accompanying envelopes suggests that something under half of Baldwin's wartime letters to his parents are present in this particular collection. There are also two pre-war letters and one written post-war, all directed to Baldwin's future wife, Eva Barker. Among the most historically significant letters are those written in the late summer and autumn of 1863, describing the battle of Chickamauga and the siege of Chattanooga.

Arrangement Note

The collection is arranged chronologically, one item per folder.

Container List