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Guide to the Leonard Family Papers

MSN/CW 1000

 

Collection Summary

Title: Leonard family papers
Dates: 1862-[after 1865] (bulk 1862-1865)
Collection No.: MSN/CW 1000
Extent: 16 items; 1 container, plus 1 oversize container and 1 photographic container; .1 linear feet
Language: Collection material in English
Repository: University of Notre Dame. Hesburgh Libraries, Department of Special Collections. 102 Hesburgh Library, Notre Dame, IN 46556
Abstract: Manuscripts and other materials relating to the Confederate army service of the brothers Henry, Martin, Robert, and Joseph Leonard, of Iredell County, North Carolina, including records of Co. C, 48th North Carolina Infantry.

Selected Search Terms

Leonard, Joseph S. (Joseph Sylvester), 1843-1920
Leonard, Robert R. (Robert Rudolph), 1840-1922
Leonard, Martin A., 1839-1865
Leonard, Henry G., b. 1836
Confederate States of America -- Army -- North Carolina Infantry Regiment, 48th

Administrative Information

Restrictions: There are no access restrictions on this collection

Preferred Citation: Researchers wishing to cite this collection should include the following information: Collection and item numbers (i.e., MSN/CW 1000-1), Leonard Family Papers, Department of Special Collections, Hesburgh Libraries of Notre Dame.

Acquisition and Processing Note: The Leonard Family Papers were purchased by the Hesburgh Libraries of Notre Dame in 2002, from Teri Franks of Phoenix, Arizona. The collection was initially arranged in 2002; this finding aid was created in 2008.

Biographical Note

The Leonard Family Papers pertain to the Civil War service of four brothers: Henry Garrett Leonard (b. 1836); Martin A. Leonard (1839-1865); Robert Rudolph Leonard (1840-1922); and Joseph Sylvester Leonard (1843-1920). All were born in Iredell County in the North Carolina Piedmont, sons of the farmer Martin S. Leonard (1806-1884) and Margaret Plott (1804-1897). Martin and Robert were the first of the brothers to enter Confederate service, mustering in to Co. C, 48th North Carolina Infantry in the early spring of 1862, as the regiment was being organized. Martin Leonard served as a private in Co. C until his death, from unknown causes, on 28 January 1865. Robert Leonard surrendered with the regiment at Appomattox; from 1 September 1864 he was Co. C's 1st sergeant. Military records identify both Martin and Robert as farmers. Joseph Leonard mustered in to Co. C on 1 August 1862, as a private. Records show that he deserted to the enemy on 31 March 1865, just before the fall of Petersburg. Unlike his three younger brothers, Henry Leonard was married when war came; he was the last to enter service, mustering in to Co. G, 47th North Carolina Infantry, on 8 October 1862. The regiment to which Martin, Robert, and Joseph Leonard belonged, the 48th North Carolina, saw service in the Department of North Carolina (June to August 1862; April to June 1863); the Department of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida (February to April 1863); the Department of Richmond (June to September 1863); and the Army of Northern Virginia (September 1862 to January 1863; September 1863 to April 1865). For the better part of the war the regiment was attached to the brigade of Brig. Gen. John Rogers Cooke (which, from October 1863, served in Heth's Division, 3rd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia). Both Robert and Joseph Leonard spent their post-war lives in Iredell County; Henry Leonard moved west to Arkansas in the 1860s.

Scope and Content Note

The Leonard papers include fourteen manuscripts, one newspaper clipping, and one photograph; all but two of these items are of war date. There is one item specifically relating to Henry Leonard, one to Joseph Leonard, three to Martin Leonard, and two to Robert Leonard. Several of these are brief self-written chronicles of a given brother's movements over a particular span of time during the war: these survive for Joseph, Martin, and Robert. There is also a letter written by Martin to Joseph, and a tintype portrait of Martin in uniform—he being the one brother who did not survive the war. The papers also include manuscripts pertaining not to a particular brother but to the company in which Joseph, Martin, and Robert Leonard served: namely, Co. C of the 48th North Carolina Infantry. Certainly the most significant of these records are five company morning reports, each with daily entries for around a month and covering, in aggregate, the period from 8 October 1864 to 30 March 1865, when the 48th North Carolina was serving in the lines at Petersburg. These provide an accurate record of the company's fluctuations in strength during this period. The reports were presumably brought back to Iredell County from Appomattox by Robert Leonard, who, as 1st sergeant, was responsible for the daily entries (and who also signed the reports as commanding officer from 26 March).

Arrangement Note

The collection is arranged topically, and thereunder by date.

Container List

  • Record. Oath of allegiance to the United States of former Confederate soldier Henry G. Leonard. [1863]. Folder 1 (MSN/CW 1000-1).
    Partly printed document with manuscript entries in ink, 1 page (11 x 16 cm.).
    Signed in three places by Leonard, formerly of Co. G, 47th North Carolina Infantry. Also bears the signatures of witnesses J. H. McLaughlin, John Davidson (?), and J. F. Bell.
    • Manuscript. "J,S,L" [Joseph S. Leonard], Chronicle of movements from 2 August 1862 to 25 February 1863. [1863]. Folder 2 (MSN/CW 1000-2).
      AMsS, ink on lined paper, 2 pages (22 x 15 cm.) on 1 sheet.
      Records the wartime movements of Pvt. Joseph S. Leonard as a member of Co. C, 48th North Carolina Infantry. The narrative covers the period from Leonard's enlistment in August 1862 to his return home on furlough in February 1863.
      • Manuscript. M[artin] A. Leonard, Chronicle of service from 20 March 1862 to 1 January 1864. 1863 November 14 to 1864 January 1. Folder 3 (MSN/CW 1000-3).
        AMsS, ink on paper, 4 pages (22 x 14 cm.) on 2 sheets.
        Chronicle of service of Pvt. Martin A. Leonard as a member of Co. C, 48th North Carolina Infantry. The main narrative extends from Leonard's enlistment in March 1862 to November of the following year, and is dated 14 November 1863. Brief addenda (written in the upper margins of pp. 1 and 4) were written on Christmas Day 1863 and New Year's Day 1864. The document recounts Leonard's movements in Virginia, North Carolina, and South Carolina, with his regiment and without.
        • Manuscript. [Martin A. Leonard], Chronicle of service from 20 March 1862 to September 1863. 1865 January 6. Folder 4 (MSN/CW 1000-4).
          AMs, ink on blue paper, 2 pages (18 x 22 cm.) on 1 sheet.
          Chronicle of service of Pvt. Martin A. Leonard as a member of Co. C, 48th North Carolina Infantry. The narrative covers the period from Leonard's enlistment in March 1862 to his return to the regiment in September 1863, following a furlough. The content corresponds quite closely to pp. 1-3 of MSN/CW 1000-3, though each contains unique information.
          • Letter. Martin A. Leonard, Petersburg, Virginia, to Joseph S. Leonard, [Richmond, Virginia], 1862 October 8. Folder 5 (MSN/CW 1000-5).
            ALS, ink on lined blue paper, 2 pages (26 x 20 cm.) on 1 sheet.
            From August 1862 to February 1863 Pvt. Martin Leonard was hospitalized at Petersburg, suffering from what he describes (in MSN/CW 1000-3) as typhoid fever. The letter is addressed to Martin's brother Joseph S. Leonard, also a private in Company C of the 48th North Carolina and also hospitalized during this period, at Richmond. The letter mentions the conscription of another brother, Henry G. Leonard.
            • Manuscript. Robert R. Leonard, Chronicle of movements from 4 April to 20 April 1865. [1865?]. Folder 6 (MSN/CW 1000-06).
              AMsS, ink and pencil on lined paper, 7 pages (15 x 8 cm.) on 6 sheets bound with thread.
              Robert R. Leonard served in Company C of the 48th North Carolina Infantry from 1862 to 1865. Folio 1r of the booklet lists the counties through which Leonard passed on his journey from Appomattox Court House to his home near Statesville in Iredell County, North Carolina, following the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia. Folios 2r through 3v chronicle that journey. 1v contains an abbreviated account of the journey. The manuscript also contains pencilled accounts and computations, apparently in Robert Leonard's hand.
              • Manuscript. [Robert R. Leonard], Partial roll of Co. C, 48th North Carolina Infantry. 1865 January 28. Folder 7 (MSN/CW 1000-07).
                AMs, ink on lined paper, 2 pages (15 x 8 cm.) on 1 sheet. Probably extracted from the same notebook as MSN/CW 1000-6.
                The verso of the sheet lists 17 members of Company C: 5 sergeants; 3 corporals; and 9 privates (the latter's names are alphabetized, but the list runs only through "E"). The recto bears the inscription "Field Hospital Near Petersburg va. the 28th Day of January 1865"—though whether this date pertains to the list is not apparent. 28 January 1865 was the date of Martin Leonard's death.
                • Manuscript. Unidentified, Partial list of members of Co. C, 48th North Carolina Infantry. [After 1865]. Folder 8 (MSN/CW 1000-08).
                  Ink on lined paper, 2 pages (31 x 20 cm.) on 1 sheet.
                  Headed "List of Com. C. 48 Reg N. C. T." The list includes 61 names, in no obvious order after the officers (Capt. A. M. Walker and six lieutenants). Only seven names bear annotations. The document is written in the same hand as MSN/CW 1000-9.
                  • Manuscript. Unidentified, List of soldiers from Statesville Township, North Carolina in Co. C, 48th North Carolina Infantry. [After 1865]. Folder 9 (MSN/CW 1000-09).
                    Pencil on lined paper, 2 pages (28 x 21 cm.) on 1 sheet.
                    Headed "List Soldiers Statesville Township Company C 48 Reg." Statesville was the county seat of Iredell Co. The list includes 20 names, 12 of which are annotated (mostly the dead and wounded). Eight additional names appear on the verso; the context here is uncertain. The document is written in the same hand as MSN/CW 1000-8.
                    • Newspaper clipping. "Military Directory. Field Officers and Brigades of N. C. Regiments." [1863]. Folder 10 (MSN/CW 1000-10).
                      Clipped item from an unidentified North Carolina newspaper; 29 x 8 cm.
                      The directory lists: the staff officers of 65 North Carolina regiments; the regiments constituting each brigade; the regiments' arm of service; and a list of battalions. The clipping can be dated to late May or early June, 1863.
                      • Military record. Morning Report, Co. C, 48th North Carolina Infantry, for 8 October to 8 November 1864. 1864 October to November. Folder 11 (MSN/CW 1000-11-F2).
                        ADS, in tabular form, pencil and ink on lined paper, 1 page (31 x 40 cm.) on 1 sheet. Docketing on verso. Entries above horizontal fold faded; some illegible.
                        Headed "Morning Report of Co 'C' 48 NC Regt". The table records the company's strength on a daily basis, after each morning roll call. Totals are entered, grade by grade, for soldiers who are present (whether "for duty", "sick", "in arrest", etc.) or absent ("detached service", "with leave", "without leave"). Also indicated, under "remarks", are casualties, deaths, desertions, and so on. The report was maintained by 1st Sgt. Robert R. Leonard, whose signature accompanies each day's entries (with the counter-signature, on occasion, of an officer). Full entries appear for 30 days, between 8 October and 8 November 1864. During this time the 48th North Carolina was attached to John R. Cooke's Brigade, Heth's Division, 3rd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia, and was in the lines at Petersburg.
                        • Military record. Morning Report, Co. C, 48th North Carolina Infantry, for 10 November to 20 December 1864. 1864 November to December. Folder 12 (MSN/CW 1000-12-F2).
                          ADS, in tabular form, pencil and ink on blue and red lined ledger paper, 1 page (31 x 40 cm.) on 1 sheet. Docketing on verso.
                          Headed "Morning Report of Co 'C' 48 NC Regt". The table records the company's strength on a daily basis, after each morning roll call. Totals are entered, grade by grade, for soldiers who are present (whether "for duty", "sick", "in arrest", etc.) or absent ("detached service", "with leave", "without leave"). Also indicated, under "remarks", are casualties, deaths, desertions, and so on. The report was maintained by 1st Sgt. Robert R. Leonard, whose signature accompanies each day's entries (with the counter-signature, on occasion, of an officer). Full entries appear for 36 days, from 10 November to 8 December and from 14 to 20 December, 1864. During this time the 48th North Carolina was attached to John R. Cooke's Brigade, Heth's Division, 3rd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia, and was in the lines at Petersburg.
                          • Military record. Morning Report, Co. C, 48th North Carolina Infantry, for 21 December 1864 to 21 January 1865. 1864 December to 1865 January. Folder 13 (MSN/CW 1000-13-F2).
                            ADS, in tabular form, pencil and ink on blue and red lined ledger paper, 1 page (31 x 40 cm.) on 1 sheet. Docketing on verso.
                            Headed "Morning Report of Co 'C' 48t Regt N. C. Troops". The table records the company's strength on a daily basis, after each morning roll call. Totals are entered, grade by grade, for soldiers who are present (whether "for duty", "sick", "in arrest", etc.) or absent ("detached service", "with leave", "without leave"). Also indicated, under "remarks", are casualties, deaths, desertions, and so on. The report was maintained by 1st Sgt. Robert R. Leonard, whose signature accompanies each day's entries (with the counter-signature, on occasion, of an officer). Full entries appear for 38 days, from 21 December 1864 to 27 January 1865, inclusive. During this time the 48th North Carolina was attached to John R. Cooke's Brigade, Heth's Division, 3rd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia, and was in the lines at Petersburg. A remark for 23 January reads: "2 Dropped from Roll corpl E. J. Lentz & Prvt. N. A. Murdoch They have gone to their father abrahams bosom may he give them suck took Oath of allegiance to US Government."
                            • Military record. Morning Report, Co. C, 48th North Carolina Infantry, for 28 January to 7 March 1865. 1865 January to March. Folder 14 (MSN/CW 1000-14-F2).
                              ADS, in tabular form, pencil and ink on blue and red lined ledger paper, 1 page (31 x 40 cm.) on 1 sheet. Docketing on verso.
                              Headed "Morning Report of Co 'C' 48th Regt N. C. Troops". The table records the company's strength on a daily basis, after each morning roll call. Totals are entered, grade by grade, for soldiers who are present (whether "for duty", "sick", "in arrest", etc.) or absent ("detached service", "with leave", "without leave"). Also indicated, under "remarks", are casualties, deaths, desertions, and so on. The report was maintained by 1st Sgt. Robert R. Leonard, whose signature accompanies each day's entries (with the counter-signature, on occasion, of an officer). Full entries appear for 39 days, from 28 January to 7 March 1865, inclusive. During this time the 48th North Carolina was attached to John R. Cooke's Brigade, Heth's Division, 3rd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia, and was in the lines at Petersburg. The abrupt drop in the number of privates present for duty, from 5 to 6 February, coincides with the fighting at Hatcher's Run. A remark in the hand of Lt. T. B. Sherrill testifies to the death, on 29 January 1865, of Martin A. Leonard.
                              • Military record. Morning Report, Co. C, 48th North Carolina Infantry, for 8 to 30 March 1865. 1865 March. Folder 15 (MSN/CW 1000-15-F2).
                                ADS, in tabular form, pencil and ink on blue lined paper, 1 page (31 x 40 cm.) on 1 sheet. Docketing on verso.
                                Headed "Morning Report of Co 'C' 48th N. C. Troops". The table records the company's strength on a daily basis, after each morning roll call. Totals are entered, grade by grade, for soldiers who are present (whether "for duty", "sick", "in arrest", etc.) or absent ("detached service", "with leave", "without leave"). Also indicated, under "remarks", are casualties, deaths, desertions, and so on. The report was maintained by 1st Sgt. Robert R. Leonard, whose signature accompanies each day's entries (and who also signed the report as commanding officer from 26 March). Full entries appear for 23 days, from 8 to 30 March 1865, inclusive. During this time the 48th North Carolina was attached to John R. Cooke's Brigade, Heth's Division, 3rd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia, and was in the lines at Petersburg. Despite additional space the daily reports end on 30 March, with the abandonment of Petersburg.
                                • Photograph. Tintype portrait of Martin A. Leonard in uniform. [1861-1864]. Folder 16 (MSN/CW 1000-16-P).
                                  Card mounted tintype. Mount 10 x 6 cm.; plate 7 x 5 cm. Mount trimmed in red, with oval opening and paper backing. "MAL" in pencil on backing.