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Guide to the Richards Family Correspondence

MSN/EA 5023

 

Collection Summary

Title: Richards family correspondence
Dates: 1835-1902 (bulk 1835-1858)
Collection No.: MSN/EA 5023
Creator: Richards, George Hersey, 1816-1903
Creator: Richards, Irene Huse Lincoln, 1813-1857
Creator: Whitney, Frederick H., ca. 1815-1877
Extent: 73 items; 1 container
Language: Collection material in English
Repository: University of Notre Dame. Hesburgh Libraries, Department of Special Collections. 102 Hesburgh Library, Notre Dame, IN 46556
Abstract: A group of 67 personal letters written by or to members of the Richards family of Massachusetts and Montgomery County, Illinois, chiefly during the late 1830s, 1840s, and 1850s.

Selected Search Terms

Richards, George Hersey, 1816-1903
Richards, Irene Huse Lincoln, 1813-1857
Missouri--Social life and customs.
Missouri--Social conditions--19th century
Missouri--Economic conditions--19th century
Illinois--Social life and customs
Illinois--Social conditions--19th century
Illinois--Economic conditions--19th century

Administrative Information

Restrictions: There are no access restrictions on this collection.

Preferred Citation: Richards Family Correspondence, Department of Special Collections, Hesburgh Libraries of Notre Dame.

Acquisition and Processing Note: The Richards Family Correspondence was purchased by the Hesburgh Libraries in 2006, from Carmen D. Valentino of Philadelphia. Arranged and described 2006, by George Rugg. Finding aid 2011, by Scott W. Young.

Biographical Note

The two individuals central to the Richards Family Correspondence are George Hersey Richards (1816-1903) and his wife, Irene Huse Lincoln Richards (1813-1857). George Richards was born on a farm in Roxbury, Norfolk County, Massachusetts, the son of Eliakim and Susan Hersey Richards. Eliakim Richards was a carpenter, and in his youth, George apprenticed in the same trade. In July 1837 he left Massachusetts for the West, spending time in northwest Ohio and southeast Missouri before settling in Hillsboro, Montgomery County, Illinois, in the south-central part of the state (1839). Here he built and operated a steam-powered sawmill, in partnership with Amos Clotfelder. In 1842 he married Irene Huse Lincoln, daughter of Bradford and Rebecca Austin Lincoln, who owned a farm near the Richards family property in Roxbury. George and Irene Richards had six children, three of whom survived infancy: Susan (b. ca. 1845); Alice (b. ca. 1850); and Edward (b. 1852). By 1850 the family had returned to Roxbury, for reasons that are not entirely clear; for at least part of the ensuing decade Richards worked as a wholesale dealer in structural iron. Early in 1857 George and Irene moved to Charleston, South Carolina, hoping the warm climate would be beneficial to Irene's failing health. There they stayed in the home of Frederick H. Whitney (ca. 1815-1877), a transplanted Bostonian and family friend who had found success operating a soap and candle manufactory. Irene Richards died on 5 May 1857. Later that year George purchased 120 acres of farmland in Hillsboro Township; he was joined in Illinois by his three children and by Irene's older sister, Elisabeth Lincoln (b. ca. 1804). Richards and his son Edward managed this property, farming and raising livestock, for many years. Richards died in 1903.

Scope and Content Note

The Richards correspondence includes 67 letters, primarily personal; 6 miscellaneous manuscripts; and one printed pamphlet. Thirty-three of the letters were written by George Richards. A series of nineteen of these, dating from 1837 to 1843 and addressed to his brother Henry (b. ca. 1819) in Boston, chronicles the early years of George's settlement in the West. These speak of life in Cape Girardeau County, Missouri and Montgomery County, Illinois, with commentary on the economy, agriculture, language, social customs, and politics of these regions. Richards' writing is animated and sometimes humorous; while his feelings about his prospects in the West change with circumstance, he takes consistent pleasure in elaborating on its distinctive natural and cultural features. A second series of 14 letters of George Richards (1856-1858) was written around the time of his wife's Irene's death, from Charleston, South Carolina and subsequently from Hillsboro. Most of these are directed to his three children, Susan, Alice, and Edward, or to Irene's sister Elisabeth. Twelve additional letters in the correspondence were written wholly or partly by Irene Richards, many of them from Hillsboro in the 1840s to her sister or parents in Massachusetts, describing her Illinois acclimitization and socialization. Also, there is a largely unrelated group of twelve business and personal letters (mostly 1839-41) written to Henry Richards by Frederick H. Whitney, from Charleston. The letters of George and Irene Richards are substantial and quite literate; several sheets of George's poems are included among the letters.

Arrangement Note

The letters in the collection (folders 1 through 67) are arranged chronologically, one item per folder. Other manuscripts and a single printed item follow (folders 68 through 73).

Container List

  • Letter. Ebenezer F. Gay, Dedham, Massachusetts, to Henry Richards, Boston, Massachusetts, 1835 February 26. Folder 1 (MSN/EA 5023-01).
    ALS, 1 page on 1 sheet, w/ address on verso.
    The author discusses work plans for the summer.
    • Letter. G[eorge] H. Richards, Conneaut, Ohio, to Henry Richards, Boston, Massachusetts, 1837 October 16. Folder 2 (MSN/EA 5023-02).
      ALS, 3 pages on 1 folded sheet, w/ integral address leaf.
      Writing from Conneaut on Lake Erie in the Ohio Western Reserve, George Richards tells his brother of letters received; of his pleasure in reading a newspaper from his native Boston; and of the mild weather and bountiful produce of the area, especially black walnuts.
      • Letter. Geo[rge] H. Richards, Jackson, Missouri, to Henry Richards, Boston, Massachusetts, 1838 June 17. Folder 3 (MSN/EA 5023-03).
        ALS, 4 pages on 1 folded sheet, w/ integral address leaf.
        George writes Henry of the novelty of life in southeast Missouri, describing local idioms of speech, a slave auction, encounters with black people, and "shocks of earthquakes". He notes his intention of settling in Illinois once he raises the money to buy land.
        • Letter. Geo[rge] H. Richards, Jackson, Missouri, to Henry Richards, Boston, Massachusetts , 1838 August 26. Folder 4 (MSN/EA 5023-04).
          ALS, 3 pages on 1 folded sheet, w/ integral address leaf.
          George inquires about circumstances in Boston and discusses life in Missouri and the West generally, including his work as a builder and the season's crops.
          • Letter. Geo[rge] H. Richards, Jackson, Missouri, to Henry Richards, Boston, Massachusetts , 1838 October 11. Folder 5 (MSN/EA 5023-05).
            ALS, 3 pages on 1 folded sheet, w/ integral address leaf.
            George speaks of a recent illness and of his continued determination to buy farmland in Illinois.
            • Letter. F[rederick] H. Whitney, Charleston, South Carolina, to "Dear Henry" [Henry Richards], n.p., 1839 March 17. Folder 6 (MSN/EA 5023-06).
              ALS, 1 page on 1 sheet.
              The first of a series of personal letters to Henry Richards from his friend Frederick H. Whitney (ca. 1816-1877), a Boston native now in business in Charleston.
              • Letter. Frederick H. Whitney, Charleston, South Carolina, to Henry Richards, Boston, Massachusetts, 1839 July 1. Folder 7 (MSN/EA 5023-07).
                ALS, 2 pages on 1 folded sheet, w/ integral address leaf.
                The author discusses life in Charleston, including the seasonal onset of yellow fever, the oppressive heat, and fruit and vegetable produce.
                • Letter. Edw[ar]d T. Thompson, New York, New York, to Henry Richards, Boston, Massachusetts, 1839 October 16. Folder 8 (MSN/EA 5023-08).
                  ALS, 1 page on 1 folded sheet, w/ integral address leaf.
                  The author, a friend, describes his business responsiblities in New York.
                  • Letter. Geo[rge] H. Richards, Hillsboro, Illinois, to Henry Richards, Boston, Massachusetts, 1839 October 29. Folder 9 (MSN/EA 5023-09).
                    ALS, 3 pages on 1 folded sheet, w/ integral address leaf.
                    George's first letter from Hillsboro is in large part a diatribe against the postal service and the local postmaster.
                    • Letter. F[rederick] H. Whitney, Charleston, South Carolina, to Henry Richards, Boston, Massachusetts, 1840 January 28. Folder 10 (MSN/EA 5023-10).
                      ALS, 1 page on 1 folded sheet, w/ integral address leaf.
                      Whitney instructs Richards regarding the delivery of some goods.
                      • Letter. Geo[rge] H. Richards, Hillsboro, Illinois, to Henry Richards, Boston, Massachusetts, 1840 February 11. Folder 11 (MSN/EA 5023-11).
                        ALS, 4 pages on 1 folded sheet, w/ integral address leaf.
                        Richards discusses his building trade in Montgomery County, especially a house for a Mr. Hayward, and the necessity of completing this job before visiting Boston. There is also a good deal on local and Presidential politics, with particular reference to the upcoming 1840 elections: ". . .[William Henry] Harrison is just humping it in this state all the Western states will go for Harrison with a whoop, this state always was Van Buren, & when the news of the Harrisburg Convention came on the Whigs were all taken aback, they expected Clay & the way the Locos hurrahed was a sin, but after a while the whigs hit on the right plan, they hurrahed for Jackson, & the Suckers [i. e., Illinoisans] all cried out well done then they hurrahed for Jackson & Harrison the hero of N O & the hero of Tippacanoe, the bait took & the suckers all turned over. . . ."
                        • Letter. F[rederick] H. Whitney, Charleston, South Carolina, to Henry Richards, Boston, Massachusetts, 1840 February 21. Folder 12 (MSN/EA 5023-12).
                          ALS, 2 pages on 1 folded sheet, w/ integral address leaf.
                          Whitney discusses the price of cotton and the weather in Boston and Charleston.
                          • Letter. Geo[rge] H. Richards, Hillsboro, Illinois, to Henry Richards, Boston, Massachusetts, 1840 June 14. Folder 13 (MSN/EA 5023-13).
                            ALS, 3 pages on 1 folded sheet, w/ integral address leaf.
                            The author discusses plans to travel to Boston and inquires about family, friends, and the political climate in Massachusetts.
                            • Letter. F[rederick] H. Whitney, Charleston, South Carolina, to Henry Richards, Boston, Massachusetts, 1840 June 19. Folder 14 (MSN/EA 5023-14).
                              ALS, 1 page on 1 folded sheet, w/ integral address leaf.
                              Whitney reports on heavy rains in South Carolina and inquires after family and friends.
                              • Letter. Geo[rge] H. Richards, Hillsboro, Illinois, to Henry Richards, Boston, Massachusetts, 1840 July 2. Folder 15 (MSN/EA 5023-15).
                                ALS, 2 pages on 1 folded sheet, w/ integral address leaf.
                                Richards discusses a sawmill he is currently building (and plans to operate), and his difficulties in acquiring materials for its construction. Remarks that it has been three years since he left Boston for the West.
                                • Letter. Geo[rge] H. Richards, Cincin[n]ati, Ohio, to Henry Richards, Boston, Massachusetts, 1840 November 6. Folder 16 (MSN/EA 5023-16).
                                  ALS, 1 page on 1 folded sheet, w/ integral address leaf.
                                  A short letter written from Cincinnati on Richards' trip home from Boston. Brief mention of William Henry Harrison's apparent victories in Pennsylvania, Ohio, and Virginia.
                                  • Letter. F[rederick] H. Whitney, Charleston, South Carolina, to Henry Richards, Boston, Massachusetts, 1840 Nov 18. Folder 17 (MSN/EA 5023-17).
                                    ALS, 4 pages on 1 folded sheet.
                                    Whitney informs Richards of an impending visit to Boston.
                                    • Letter. Geo[rge] H. Richards, Hillsboro, Illinois, to Henry Richards, Boston, Massachusetts, 1840 November 24. Folder 18 (MSN/EA 0523-18).
                                      ALS, 3 pages on 1 folded sheet, w/ integral address leaf.
                                      Back in Hillsboro, Richards recounts the trip from Cincinnati, especially an "introduction" to William Henry Harrison: ". . .he is a small, slim, round shouldered man, grey headed with bright black eyes & great shaggy eye brows. . . ." He also describes a celebration of Harrison's victory: "We had a grand illumination last night in honor of Old Tip's election that is every Whig in town, & I thought we did tolerably well considering we stand 3 V B to 2 Whigs here, Van [Buren] has our state but no matter we don't want it. . . ." Also mentions his (Richards') local popularity and work at the mill.
                                      • Letter. Geo[rge] H. Richards, Hillsboro, Illinois, to Henry Richards, Boston, Massachusetts, 1840 December 20. Folder 19 (MSN/EA 5023-19).
                                        ALS, 2 pages on 1 folded sheet, w/ integral address leaf.
                                        The author mentions Whig politics, his work at the mill, and the cold weather.
                                        • Letter. F[rederick] H. Whitney, Charleston, South Carolina, to Henry Richards, Boston, Massachusetts, 1840 December 21. Folder 20 (MSN/EA 5023-20).
                                          ALS, 1 pages on 1 folded sheet, w/ integral address leaf.
                                          Whitney discusses the sale of a draft and reminds Richards of a previously shipped box.
                                          • Letter. F[rederick] H. Whitney, Charleston, South Carolina, to Henry Richards, Boston, Massachusetts, 1841 March 8. Folder 21 (MSN/EA 5023-21).
                                            ALS, 1 page on 1 folded sheet, w/ integral address leaf.
                                            A business letter regarding small shipments of rice and palm oil.
                                            • Letter. Geo[rge] H. Richards, Hillsboro, Illinois, to Henry Richards, Boston, Massachusetts, 1841 March 28 to April 4 Folder 22 (MSN/EA 5023-22).
                                              ALS, 3 pages on 1 folded sheet, w/ integral address leaf. Address leaf partly lacking, with loss of text.
                                              This letter is the first to mention George Richards' future wife, Irene Huse Lincoln.
                                              • Letter. F[rederick] H. Whitney, Charleston, South Carolina, to Henry Richards, Roxbury, Massachusetts, 1841 April 10. Folder 23 (MSN/EA 5023-23).
                                                ALS, 2 pages on 1 folded sheet, w/ integral address leaf.
                                                Whitney mentions his recent marriage (29 February 1841) to Sarah Anthony, whose father, now deceased, operated a soap and candle manufactory in Charleston.
                                                • Letter. Geo[rge] H. Richards, Hillsboro, Illinois, to Henry Richards, Roxbury, Massachusetts, 1841 June 16. Folder 24 (MSN/EA 5023-24).
                                                  ALS, 3 pages on 1 folded sheet, w/ integral address leaf.
                                                  The author discusses the affairs of family and friends in Boston, expresses his support for a war with England, and comments on the "bad state of society" in St. Louis, including crime and race relations.
                                                  • Letter. F[rederick] H. Whitney, Charleston, South Carolina, to Henry Richards, Roxbury, Massachusetts, 1841 July 12. Folder 25 (MSN/EA 5023-25).
                                                    ALS, 2 pages on 1 folded sheet, w/ integral address leaf. Address leaf partly lacking, with loss of text.
                                                    Whitney discusses business affairs and future travel plans.
                                                    • Letter. Geo[rge] H. Richards, Hillsboro, Illinois, to Henry Richards, Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts, 1841 November 28. Folder 26 (MSN/EA 5023-26).
                                                      ALS, 2 pages on 1 folded sheet, w/ integral address leaf.
                                                      Richards describes hunting deer with friends in Audubon, Illinois.
                                                      • Letter. F[rederick] H. Whitney, Charleston, South Carolina, to Henry Richards, Roxbury, Massachusetts, 1841 December 27. Folder 27 (MSN/EA 5023-27).
                                                        ALS, 2 pages on 1 folded sheet, w/ integral address leaf.
                                                        Whitney chides Richards for the brevity of his recent letters, and reports the birth a son, Frederic Anthony. He reports the dissolution of his business partnership, intending to proceed "on my own account", despite a lack of funds. In response to an inquiry from Richards about relocating to Charleston, he states that ". . .there is nothing in your line of business going on here there are numbers of vacant stores with high rents. . . ."
                                                        • Letter. [George H. Richards], Hillsboro, Illinois, to Henry Richards, Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts, 1842 January 16. Folder 28 (MSN/EA 5023-28).
                                                          ALS, 3 pages on 1 folded sheet, w/ integral address leaf. Address leaf partly lacking, with loss of text.
                                                          The author discusses the market for veneers in Boston, the unseasonably warm weather, a physical attack against a mutual friend named Bill Allen, and the failing of the Cairo Bank. The bank failure worries the author, who remarks that it issued more than half the circulating notes in the state and that it will be hard to raise money as a result of the failure. The author also discusses the possibility of running a steam boat route from New Orleans to St. Louis.
                                                          • Letter. G[eorge] H. R[ichards], Hillsboro, Illinois, to Henry Richards, n.p., 1842 March 20. Folder 29 (MSN/EA 5023-29).
                                                            ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet. Letter torn with some text loss; original address leaf lacking.
                                                            Richards discusses travel plans to Boston and the status of Illinois banks. He also describes the activities of a man named "Honest Jim" who has begun a candidacy for the state legislature.
                                                            • Letter. "Ina" [Irene Huse Lincoln Richards], Hillsboro, Illinois, to Elisabeth L. Lincoln, Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts, 1842 August. Folder 30 (MSN/EA 5023-30).
                                                              ALS, 4 pages on 1 folded sheet, w/ integral address leaf. Text concludes on p. 1.
                                                              In her first surviving letter from Illinois, Irene Richards provides her sister Elisabeth (b. c.1804) with a thorough overview of her new domestic and social life. She describes her daily routine, her small home (comprising a parlor, kitchen, sleeping room, and cellar), and speaks a great deal of diet and food preparation.
                                                              • Letter. G[eorge] H. R[ichards] and "Ina" [Irene Huse Lincoln Richards], Hillsboro, Illinois, to Rebecca Austin Lincoln, Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts, 1842 October 16. Folder 31 (MSN/EA 5023-31).
                                                                ALS, 3 pages on 1 folded sheet. w/ integral address leaf.
                                                                A letter jointly written by George and Irene Richards and directed to Irene's mother, Rebecca Austin Lincoln. George discusses married life and compares the rich produce of Illinois with the meager produce of Boston. Irene discusses her social life, her cooking, and her diet.
                                                                • Letter. "Ina" [Irene Huse Lincoln Richards], Hillsboro, Illinois, to Elisabeth L. Lincoln, Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts, 1843 February 12. Folder 32 (MSN/EA 5023-32).
                                                                  ALS, 3 pages on 1 folded sheet, w/ integral address leaf.
                                                                  Irene discusses her home, her neighbors, and general domestic activities, remarking that she would not exchange her house "with a king or a princess." She also comments on the weather and her health, and inquires about the preparation of yeast for "yankee bread."
                                                                  • Letter. G[eorge] H. R[ichards] and "Ina" [Irene Huse Lincoln Richards], Hillsboro, Illinois, to Rebecca Austin Lincoln and Bradford Lincoln, Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts, 1843 April 21 to 1843 April 26. Folder 33 (MSN/EA 5023-33).
                                                                    ALS, 2 pages on 1 folded sheet, w/ integral address leaf.
                                                                    Irene writes that "my time has about arrived"; four days later, George announces the birth of a son (Henry Lincoln Richards).
                                                                    • Letter. G[eorge] H. R[ichards] and "Ina" [Irene Huse Lincoln Richards], Hillsboro, Illinois, to Elisabeth L. Lincoln, Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts, 1843 May 2. Folder 34 (MSN/EA 5023-34).
                                                                      ALS, 3 pages on 1 folded sheet, w/ integral address leaf.
                                                                      In a jointly written letter, George Richards reports on family news, especially son Henry, while Irene describes George's prior invitation to the Lincolns to move to Illinois, an invitation Bradford Lincoln "refused decidedly".
                                                                      • Letter. Geo[rge] H. Richards, Hillsboro, Illinois, to Henry Richards, Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts, 1843 May 7. Folder 35 (MSN/EA 5023-35).
                                                                        ALS, 3 pages on 1 folded sheet, w/ integral address leaf. Damage to address leaf, with loss of text.
                                                                        George discusses the development of his infant child and describes reactions to the birth within the local community. He describes recent events in adjoining Macoupin County (the "State of Macoupin"), and goes on to comment on the difficult economic circumstances then prevailing in Illinois, especially following the legislature's passage of a "stay law" making it difficult for Richards to collect outstanding debts. He contemplates a return East.
                                                                        • Letter. "Ina" [Irene Huse Lincoln Richards], Hillsboro, Illinois, to Elisabeth L. Lincoln, Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts, 1842 July 6-16. Folder 36 (MSN/EA 5023-36).
                                                                          ALS, 4 pages on 1 folded sheet, w/ integral address leaf.
                                                                          Irene Richards discusses gardening, her social engagements and private occupations in Hillsboro, the health of her family, and the development and activities of her son Henry.
                                                                          • Letter. "Kate", Hillsboro, Illinois, to "My dear Lizzy" [Elisabeth L. Lincoln], n.p., 1843 November 24-25. Folder 37 (MSN/EA 5023-37).
                                                                            ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet.
                                                                            The author, possibly George Richards' sister Katherine, writes of Hillsboro and the West, saying that Irene Richards resides ". . .in the pettiest little cottage, in the pleasantest part of one of the most delightful villages in Illinois." She also describes baby Henry and inquires about friends in Massachusetts.
                                                                            • Letter. "Ina" [Irene Huse Lincoln Richards], Hillsboro, Illinois, to Elisabeth L. Lincoln, Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts, 1844 February 18. Folder 38 (MSN/EA 5023-38).
                                                                              ALS, 2 pages on 1 folded sheet, w/ integral address leaf.
                                                                              The author describes the development of her child and comments on the possibility of her family moving from Massachusetts to Illinois, saying ". . .I would like to have them with me but not here. [T]is no place for an old man like father nor such an one as mother. [I]t makes my heart ache when I think for an instant as their living here. [T]is good for young strong beginners, but for an old man or a young man without strength, it is no place at all." Irene goes on to describe how life in Illinois is difficult without money, and details domestic conveniences typically lacking in the West.
                                                                              • Letter. "Ina" [Irene Huse Lincoln Richards], Hillsboro, Illinois, to "My dear father and mother" [Bradford Lincoln and Rebecca Austin Lincoln], Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts, 1844 May 13. Folder 39 (MSN/EA 5023-39).
                                                                                ALS, 3 pages on 1 folded sheet, w/ integral address leaf.
                                                                                Irene mentions recent social activities, the development of her child, and a friend who intends to move from Hillboro into Iowa Territory.
                                                                                • Letter. "Ina" [Irene Huse Lincoln Richards], Hillsboro, Illinois, to Elisabeth L. Lincoln, Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts, 1844 July 20. Folder 40 (MSN/EA 5023-40).
                                                                                  ALS, 3 pages on 1 folded sheet, w/ integral address leaf.
                                                                                  Irene reports on her social life.
                                                                                  • Letter. [George H. Richards], n.p., to Mrs. George H. Richards [Irene Huse Lincoln Richards], Boston, Massachusetts, 1848 March 20. Folder 41 (MSN/EA 5023-41).
                                                                                    AL, 2 pages on 1 folded sheet, w/ integral address leaf. Address leaf partly lacking, with loss of author's signature.
                                                                                    Personal and social news, from George Richards in Hillsboro to Irene in Boston.
                                                                                    • Letter. "Ina" [Irene Huse Lincoln Richards], West Roxbury, Massachusetts, to George H. Richards, Louisville, Kentucky, 1851 June 18. Folder 42 (MSN/EA 5023-42).
                                                                                      ALS, 2 pages on 1 folded sheet, w/ integral address leaf.
                                                                                      News of daughters Susan (b. c.1845) and Alice (b. c.1850), from Irene Richards to a travelling George.
                                                                                      • Letter. "Ina" [Irene Huse Lincoln Richards], Roxbury, Massachusetts, to George H. Richards, Hillsboro, Illinois, 1851 June 22. Folder 43 (MSN/EA 5023-43).
                                                                                        ALS, 2 pages on 1 folded sheet, w/ integral address leaf.
                                                                                        News of family and friends, to George in Hillsboro.
                                                                                        • Letter. F[rederick] H. Whitney, Columbia, South Carolina, to G[eorge] H. R[ichards] and H[enry] R[ichards], Boston, Massachusetts, 1851 October 28. Folder 44 (MSN/EA 5023-44).
                                                                                          ALS, 1 page on 1 sheet.
                                                                                          Whitney writes from Columbia of the "sickness" then prevailing in Charleston.
                                                                                          • Letter. G[eorge] H. R[ichards], Boston, Massachusetts, to Augustine Lincoln, n.p., 1856 December 8. Folder 45 (MSN/EA 5023-45).
                                                                                            ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet.
                                                                                            Richards upbraids a relative of Irene's over a financial matter.
                                                                                            • Letter. Augustine Lincoln, St. Paul, to Geo[rge] [H.] Richards, n.p., 1857 January 24. Folder 46 (MSN/EA 5023-46).
                                                                                              ALS, 2 pages on 1 folded sheet.
                                                                                              Augustine Lincoln's response to the above.
                                                                                              • Letter. Geo[rge] H. Richards, New York, to "Dear Henry" [Henry Richards], n.p., 1857 March 12. Folder 47 (MSN/EA 5023-47).
                                                                                                ALS, 1 page on 1 sheet.
                                                                                                A letter written enroute to Charleston, where George and Irene were travelling for the latter's health.
                                                                                                • Letter. Geo[rge] H. Richards, New York, to "Dear Alice" [Alice Richards], n.p., 1857 March 12. Folder 48 (MSN/EA 5023-48).
                                                                                                  ALS, 1 page on 1 sheet.
                                                                                                  A letter to seven-year-old daughter Alice, on the trip south with Irene.
                                                                                                  • Letter. [George H. Richards], Charleston, South Carolina to "Dear little Alicy talicy nicholas John" [Alice Richards] n.p., 1857 March 28. Folder 49 (MSN/EA 5023-49).
                                                                                                    ALS, 3 pages on 1 folded sheet.
                                                                                                    George Richards tells his daughter of the exotic sights of Charleston, especially the slaves at the Whitneys (where George and Irene were staying). "Mother seems to be a little better today and we are in hopes she will soon get well and then we shall come home."
                                                                                                    • Letter. Geo[rge] H. Richards and Irene H. Richards, Charleston, South Carolina to "Dear little Alice" [Alice Richards], n.p., 1857 April 9. Folder 50 (MSN/EA 5023-50).
                                                                                                      ALS, 4 pages on 1 folded sheet.
                                                                                                      Further tales of Charleston, including diet, weather, and interactions between the Whitney children and the family's slaves.
                                                                                                      • Letter. Geo[rge] H. Richards, Charleston, South Carolina to "Dear Lissie" [Elisabeth L. Lincoln], n.p., 1857 April 23. Folder 51 (MSN/EA 5023-51).
                                                                                                        ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet.
                                                                                                        George tells Elisabeth of Irene's failure to recuperate, and of his determination to sell his property.
                                                                                                        • Letter. George [H. Richards], Hillsboro, Illinois to "Dear Lissie" [Elisabeth L. Lincoln], n.p., 1857 August 9. Folder 52 (MSN/EA 5023-52).
                                                                                                          ALS, 4 pages on 1 folded sheet.
                                                                                                          In a long letter to Elisabeth written after Irene's death on 5 May 1857, George Richards speaks of his feelings on returning to Illinois after his years in the East. He tells her of land he has purchased in Hillsboro Township, on which he will eventually build and to which Elisabeth and George's three children will eventually move.
                                                                                                          • Letter. Geo[rge] H. Richards, Hillsboro, Illinois to "Dear Susy" [Susan H. Richards], n.p., 1857 August 9. Folder 53 (MSN/EA 5023-53).
                                                                                                            ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet.
                                                                                                            Richards describes his new property for his older daughter, Susan.
                                                                                                            • Letter. George [H. Richards], Hillsboro, Illinois to "Dear Lissie" [Elisabeth L. Lincoln], n.p., 1857 August 16. Folder 54 (MSN/EA 5023-52).
                                                                                                              ALS, 4 pages on 1 folded sheet.
                                                                                                              Richards discusses his farmland and how its acreage will be divided and used. In seeking to prepare Elisabeth for the West, he describes how Illinoisans have changed in the years since he first settled in the state, saying ". . .the roughest & worst of them have moved West and the others are all prosperous, & with prosperity has come new ideas. . .but being in the transition state their efforts are rather ludicrous, it is rather hard for a man or woman who was born & raised in a log hut on the frontier to ape fashion, use silver forks, wear hoops, &c &c, but their children take to it naturally."
                                                                                                              • Letter. Geo[rge] H. Richards, Hillsboro, Illinois to "Dear Ned" [Edward C. Richards], n.p., 1858 March 15. Folder 55 (MSN/EA 5023-55).
                                                                                                                ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet.
                                                                                                                Back in Illinois in the spring of 1858, Richards writes to his son Ned (b. 1852), still in Massachusetts.
                                                                                                                • Letter. Geo[rge] H. Richards, Hillsboro, Illinois to "Dear Alicy talicy nicholas john" [Alice Richards], n.p., 1858 April 27. Folder 56 (MSN/EA 5023-56).
                                                                                                                  ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet.
                                                                                                                  A letter to Alice in Massachusetts.
                                                                                                                  • Letter. Geo[rge] H. Richards, Hillsboro, Illinois to "Dear Alice" [Alice Richards], n.p., 1858 May 22. Folder 57 (MSN/EA 5023-57).
                                                                                                                    ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet.
                                                                                                                    A letter to Alice in Massachusetts.
                                                                                                                    • Letter. Geo[rge] H. Richards, Hillsboro, Illinois to "Dear Ned" [Edward C. Richards], n.p., 1858 May 23. Folder 58 (MSN/EA 5023-58).
                                                                                                                      ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet.
                                                                                                                      A letter to Ned in Massachusetts.
                                                                                                                      • Letter. Geo[rge] H. Richards, Hillsboro, Illinois to "Dear Alice" [Alice Richards], n.p., 1858 June 27. Folder 59 (MSN/EA 5023-59).
                                                                                                                        ALS, 2 pages on 1 sheet.
                                                                                                                        The author, writing to Alice, describes the development of a horse named Dolly and gives an account of his progress in building the house that his family will eventually occupy.
                                                                                                                        • Letter. August[ine] H. Lincoln, Baltimore, Maryland to George H. Richards, Hillsboro, Illinois, 1863 May 7. Folder 60 (MSN/EA 5023-60).
                                                                                                                          ALS, 4 pages on 1 folded sheet, w/ envelope.
                                                                                                                          The author discusses a family dispute regarding the will of her grandfather, Bradford Lincoln.
                                                                                                                          • Letter. A. E. Verrill, Norway, Maine, to H[enry] Richards, Southfields, New York, 1864 November 21. Folder 61 (MSN/EA 5023-61).
                                                                                                                            ALS, 2 pages on 1 folded sheet.
                                                                                                                            In this and the two letters following, the author provides Henry Richards with information and advice on a mining operation.
                                                                                                                            • Letter. A. E. Verrill, Cambridge, Massachusetts, to H[enry] Richards, Southfields, New York, 1864 December 4. Folder 62 (MSN/EA 5023-62).
                                                                                                                              ALS, 2 pages on 1 folded sheet.
                                                                                                                              • Letter. A. E. Verrill, New Haven, Connecticut, to H[enry] Richards, Southfields, New York, 1865 May 7. Folder 63 (MSN/EA 5023-63).
                                                                                                                                ALS, 2 pages on 1 folded sheet.
                                                                                                                                • Letter. Henry Richards, Elisabethtown, New York, to Alice Richards, Hillsboro, Illinois, 1865 October 31. Folder 64 (MSN/EA 5023-64).
                                                                                                                                  ALS, 2 pages on 1 folded sheet, w/ envelope.
                                                                                                                                  Henry Richards informs his niece of a trip to the Adirondacks, where his company had mining interests.
                                                                                                                                  • Letter. Alice B. Richards, Elm Grove, Illinois, to "Dear Uncle Henry" [Henry Richards], n.p., 1865 May 6-10. Folder 65 (MSN/EA 0523-65).
                                                                                                                                    ALS, 3 pages on 1 folded sheet.
                                                                                                                                    Sixteen-year-old Alice Richards writes to her Uncle Henry.
                                                                                                                                    • Letter. "Ina" [Irene Huse Lincoln Richards], n.p. to Elisabeth L. Lincoln, Boston, Massachusetts, n.d. Folder 66 (MSN/EA 5023-66).
                                                                                                                                      ALS, 4 pages on 1 folded sheet, w/ integral address leaf.
                                                                                                                                      This personal letter from Irene to her sister Elisabeth probably predates her marriage to George Richards.
                                                                                                                                      • Letter. Susan H. Richards, n.p., to "Dear Willie", n.p., n.d. Folder 67 (MSN/EA 5023-67).
                                                                                                                                        ALS, 1 pages on 1 sheet.
                                                                                                                                        An undated letter to a cousin.
                                                                                                                                        • Manuscript. G[eorge] H. R[ichards], "My visit home in 1840", 1841 March. Folder 68 (MSN/EA 5023-68).
                                                                                                                                          AMS, 2 pages on 1 sheet.
                                                                                                                                          In a free-verse poem of 42 lines, George Richards expresses his melancholy reaction to the changes wrought in his family over the three years he had been away.
                                                                                                                                          • Manuscript. [George H. Richards], "Lines ground out by the patent double back action poetry machine for Miss Alice B. Richards, No. 2", n.d. Folder 69 (MSN/EA 5023-69).
                                                                                                                                            AM, 2 pages on 1 sheet.
                                                                                                                                            A comical poem for Alice, probably from the 1850s.
                                                                                                                                            • Letter. Tho[mas] Gray, Roxbury, Massachusetts, 1842 June 22. Folder 70 (MSN/EA 5023-70).
                                                                                                                                              1 page on 1 folded sheet.
                                                                                                                                              A form letter from the paster of the Third Church of Christ in Roxbury, certifying Irene Huse Richards as a member in full communion.
                                                                                                                                              • Manuscript. Susan H. Richards, Exercises in Grammar, 1856 October 8. Folder 71 (MSN/EA 5023-71).
                                                                                                                                                AMS, 4 pages on 1 folded sheet.
                                                                                                                                                Juvenilia of Susan Richards.
                                                                                                                                                • Document. Henry Richards, Last will and testament (2 copies), 1863 August 17. Folder 72 (MSN/EA 5023-72).
                                                                                                                                                  ADsS, 2 pages on 2 sheets.
                                                                                                                                                  • Pamphlet. "The Ancient Landmark: A Sermon," by James DeNormandie, 1902 Folder 73 (MSN/EA 5023-73).
                                                                                                                                                    18 pages, plus blanks.
                                                                                                                                                    Publication of a sermon delivered 4 May 1902 at the First Church of Roxbury, where (according to an annotation on the cover) George and Irene Richards had posted their banns in 1842.