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Guide to the Thomas W. Cridler Louisiana Purchase Exposition Papers

MSN/MN 0510

 

Collection Summary

Title: Thomas W. Cridler Louisiana Purchase Exposition Papers
Dates: 1898-1911 (bulk 1901-1904)
Collection No.: MSN/MN 0510
Creator: Cridler, Thomas W., 1850-1914
Extent: 281 folders; 5 containers; 7.5 linear feet
Language: Majority in English, some material in French, German, Spanish, and Russian.
Repository: University of Notre Dame. Hesburgh Libraries, Department of Special Collections. 102 Hesburgh Library, Notre Dame, IN 46556
Abstract: A collection including more than 2,500 pieces of correspondence to and from Thomas W. Cridler, mostly relating to his role as European Commissioner for the Louisiana Purchase Exposition (the St. Louis World's Fair) held in St. Louis, Missouri in 1904. Some of Cridler's correspondence is with fair administrators and U.S. diplomatic figures; some is with representatives of European nations targeted for inclusion. Also in the collection are smaller accumulations of other types of fair-related material, including speeches, printed ephemera, and a few photographs.

Selected Search Terms

Cridler, Thomas W. (Thomas Wilbur), 1850-1914
Government officials -- United States -- 1900
Louisiana Purchase Exposition (1904: Saint Louis, Mo.)
Louisiana Purchase Exposition (1904: Saint Louis, Mo.) -- History
Louisiana Purchase Exposition (1904: Saint Louis, Mo.) -- Exhibitions & displays

Administrative Information

Restrictions: There are no access restrictions on this collection.

Preferred Citation: [Identification of item], Thomas W. Cridler Louisiana Purchase Exposition Papers, [Collection and folder no.], Department of Special Collections, Hesburgh Libraries of Notre Dame.

Acquisition and Processing Note: The Thomas W. Cridler Louisiana Purchase Exposition Papers were purchased by the Hesburgh Libraries in 2014, from Michael Brown Rare Books of Philadelphia (List 127, Item 21). Arranged and described 2017, by Debra Dochuk and George Rugg. Finding aid 2017, by Debra Dochuk and George Rugg.

Biographical Note

Thomas Wilbur Cridler was born in Harper's Ferry, Virginia, on 13 November 1850. He was educated in West Virginia and Washington DC and studied law before joining the U.S. State Department as a clerk in 1875. He rose through the ranks of the State Department, ultimately achieving the position of Third Assistant Secretary (8 April 1897). While serving the government in this capacity, Cridler was appointed by President McKinley to be U.S. Special Commissioner to the 1900 Exposition Universelle at Paris. For his contributions to the fair, the French government made Cridler an officer of the Legion of Honor. Cridler resigned from the State Department on 29 October 1901, and two days later accepted the position of European Commissioner for the Louisiana Purchase Exposition, a world's fair planned for St. Louis in 1903. The fair was administered by the Louisiana Purchase Exposition Company, under President (and former St. Louis mayor) David R. Francis and a board of directors drawn from the St. Louis business community. This leadership apparatus oversaw a network of executives charged with managing exhibits, works and transportation, concessions and admissions, and "exploitation" (recruitment) of foreign governments. Cridler was one of a handful of regional commissioners tasked with arranging the participation of states in South America, Europe, Africa, Asia and Oceania. His suitability for the job of European Commissioner was emphasized by U.S. Secretary of State John Hay: "The Directors of the Louisiana Purchase Exposition . . . realizing the experience you have heretofore enjoyed through your former service in the Department of State, by which you were brought more or less in contact with the governments and peoples you are now about to visit, has the confidence to believe that your best endeavors will be exerted to promote their friendly interest and cooperation toward the success of the Exposition at St. Louis."

Cridler's role as European Commissioner for the St. Louis World's Fair was the defining one of his career. Of the fair's importance, he wrote, "we are living in a world whose progress toward the higher and better things in life is undisputed. The St. Louis Exposition will be the embodiment of these, far beyond any similar enterprise." Initially scheduled for 1903 as a centenary celebration of America's westward expansion and economic and cultural progress since the signing of the Louisiana Purchase in 1803, the fair's opening was postponed until 1904. Delays with construction in St. Louis and in securing commitments from foreign countries necessitated the postponement. On its opening on 30 April 1904, the exposition greeted its guests with displays from some 43 American states and 50 nations, housed in nearly 1,500 buildings that blanketed over 1,200 acres of land in and near Forest Park, due west of downtown St. Louis. Cridler was crucial to the event's success. When he accepted his position, David R. Francis told him "you are charged to take such measures and make such arrangements with governments, individual, and representative interests, as may appear proper, wise, and necessary to encourage and promote the welfare of the exposition in the foreign countries under your jurisdiction and to secure worthy participation on their part to the end that it may be distinctly the representative of its class." Cridler took these words to heart. During the eighteen months preceding the exposition's opening, he used all his contacts, diplomatic skills, and linguistic fluency to encourage European leaders and nations to join the St. Louis event. He returned to the United States just in time for the fair's grand opening. By the time the fair closed on 1 December 1904, it had welcomed many millions of people into its grounds and venues. Its attendance totals, size and scope, and undeniable grandeur made it one of the signal events of its kind ever held in the United States.

After the St. Louis fair, Cridler served as Vice President of the Collin Armstrong Advertising Company in New York City. He died at his New York home on 23 February 1914. He was survived by his second wife, Muriel (1879-1946), and two daughters.

Scope and Content Note

The collection as a whole consists of eight series, comprising more than 2,500 letters and an assortment of other fair related items. mostly dating from 1901 to 1904. The bulk of the collection is held in Series 2 (Cridler General Correspondence) and Series 3 (Cridler International Correspondence). The arrangement of these two series follows the order maintained by Thomas Cridler, and the material has mostly been left as found, with ancillary items and enclosures like newspaper clippings, handwritten notes, legal documents, postcards, and invoices scattered throughout. Many letters relating to the exposition are docketed at the upper left of the first page, with the subject, relevant country, and an identifying number. Cridler further organized much of the material by pinning together letters relating to a sustained topic. Of the correspondence, over 900 items are retained copies of letters written by Cridler, while over 1,500 are incoming letters written to Cridler by correspondents from 28 different countries, as well as from world's fair board members and leading officials.

Included in the second and third series are extensive communications between Cridler and diplomats and foreign nationals in Russia, Germany, France, Great Britain, Belgium, Italy, Morocco and Turkey. While each folder's materials detail the professional activities of Cridler in his role as European Commissioner, there is also a good deal of personal and political content, colorful information and intrigue, woven throughout the correspondence he exchanged with his friends, fellow diplomats, and contacts stationed throughout the world. The letters reveal not only the hardships of distant posts and travel but much about the life of the United States diplomatic corps at the turn of the 20th century.

Also of note is Series 4, which contains speeches delivered by Cridler while acting as European Commissioner to the fair. Perhaps the most significant of these is an 18-page speech to a Washington Masonic Lodge describing his encounter with Czar Nicholas II of Russia. Other smaller series contain business cards, unused stationery, a stamp collection, and thirteen mostly unidentified photographs.

Arrangement Note

The collection is arranged in eight series: 1) Lousiana Purchase Exposition: Promotional Materials; 2) Thomas W. Cridler: General Correspondence; 3) Thomas W. Cridler: International Correspondence; 4) Thomas W. Cridler: Speeches; 5) Stationery; 6) Calling Cards; 7) Postage stamps; 8) Photographs. Series 2 is arranged chronologically. Series 3 is arranged alphabetically, by country, and thereunder chronologically. Typically, there are multiple items per folder.

Related Material

Other papers dealing with the Lousiana Purchase Exposition are held in the Department of Special Collections at the Olin Library at Washington University in St. Louis, and at the Missouri History Museum Archives, St. Louis. For further information, see also Mark Bennitt and Frank Stockbridge, History of the Louisiana Purchase Exposition (St. Louis: Universal Exposition Publishing Company, 1905) and James Gilbert, Whose Fair? (Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2009).

Container List

  • Series 1: Louisiana Purchase Exposition: Promotional Materials 
    • Folder 1 (MSN/MN 0510-1) Brochure and illustrated handbook, 1904. 2 items.
    • Series 2: Thomas W. Cridler: General Correspondence 
      • Folder 2 (MSN/MN 0510-2) Thomas W. Cridler: General correspondence, 1898-1900. 4 items.
        Included is in this folder is correspondence of uncertain relevance to the St. Louis World's Fair materials. Cridler has retained a lengthy letter from Colonel William McKay, a long-time Washington DC congressional lobbyist and hotel owner whose involvement in a scandalous relationship with a young woman results in tense dealings with Cridler. There is also a memorandum, marked with a stamp 3rd Assistant Secretary of State, to an unknown recipient, regarding a "potential public scandal" which will make "Rome howl for the both of us."
        • Folder 3 (MSN/MN 0510-3) Thomas W. Cridler: General correspondence, 1901 February. 9 items.
          • Folder 4 (MSN/MN 0510-4) Thomas W. Cridler: General correspondence, 1901 March-December. 12 items.
            • Folder 5 (MSN/MN 0510-5) Thomas W. Cridler: General correspondence, 1902 January. 11 items.
              • Folder 6 (MSN/MN 0510-6) Thomas W. Cridler: General correspondence, 1902 February-May. 3 items.
                Includes a notarized statement from A.C. Baker, a United States naval officer and Assistant Chief of Transportation Exhibits at the world's fair, regarding the continuing feud between Cridler and Colonel William McKay. Baker believes McKay is "going to write a letter to President Francis telling what his opinion was of Cridler and how unfit he was to perform his duties with the Louisiana Purchase Exposition." He is also convinced McKay "instituted the suit to put Cridler in a hole."
                • Folder 7 (MSN/MN 0510-7) Thomas W. Cridler: General correspondence, 1902 June. 4 items.
                  • Folder 8 (MSN/MN 0510-8) Thomas W. Cridler: General correspondence, 1902 July 1-8. 8 items.
                    • Folder 9 (MSN/MN 0510-9) Thomas W. Cridler: General correspondence, 1902 July 9-30. 11 items.
                      Includes the first letter to Cridler from Carrie Jenkins Harris, a well-connected, politically active author and editor from North Carolina who often wrote under the pseudonym "Charles Edward Lloyd". There are a number of letters from Harris to Cridler found throughout the collection. A regularly appearing theme in her letters is her determination to be appointed as a representative of the Louisiana Purchase Exposition to the country of Greece. Cridler would later describe Harris as a "bombastic newspaper women," and a "hustler" who "talks too much." Yet he would also acknowledge he "esteems her highly." Harris died suddenly on 27 December 1903, aged 56, never having been appointed in any official capacity to the fair.
                      • Folder 10 (MSN/MN 0510-10) Thomas W. Cridler: General correspondence, 1902 August 1-15. 11 items.
                        • Folder 11 (MSN/MN 0510-11) Thomas W. Cridler: General correspondence, 1902 August 16-28. 7 items.
                          Includes a retained copy of a letter Cridler wrote to Walter B. Stevens, Secretary of the Louisiana Purchase Exposition. Cridler explains his "rule" for correspondence whereby he "treats only one subject in each letter." He further adds that his correspondence is "arranged under countries." He implores Stevens to bear this in mind when writing to him, and to refrain from "lumping several subjects together" in single letters.
                          • Folder 12 (MSN/MN 0510-12) Thomas W. Cridler: General correspondence, 1902 August 29-30. 8 items.
                            Includes a series of letters between Cridler and Charlemagne Tower, United States Ambassador to Russia, regarding an incident in St. Petersburg involving Cridler, Tower, and John Hay, Secretary of State. Also includes correspondence with Richard Dorsey Mohun, a long-time United States commercial agent to the Belgian Congo and advisor to King Leopold II of Belgium. Mohun wants further information from Cridler about the partnership between James W.S. Langerman, vice-consul in Morocco, and the "New York syndicate who wish to get concessions of rubber lands in the Belgian Congo."
                            • Folder 13 (MSN/MN 0510-13) Thomas W. Cridler: General correspondence, 1902 September 1-8. 7 items.
                              • Folder 14 (MSN/MN 0510-14) Thomas W. Cridler: General correspondence, 1902 September 10-13. 6 items.
                                • Folder 15 (MSN/MN 0510-15) Thomas W. Cridler: General correspondence, 1902 September 15. 6 items.
                                  • Folder 16 (MSN/MN 0510-16) Thomas W. Cridler: General correspondence, 1902 September 16-19. 6 items.
                                    • Folder 17 (MSN/MN 0510-17) Thomas W. Cridler: General correspondence, 1902 September 20-28. 5 items.
                                      • Folder 18 (MSN/MN 0510-18) Thomas W. Cridler: General correspondence, 1902 September 29-30. 6 items.
                                        • Folder 19 (MSN/MN 0510-19) Thomas W. Cridler: General correspondence, 1902 October 7-9. 7 items.
                                          • Folder 20 (MSN/MN 0510-20) Thomas W. Cridler: General correspondence, 1902 October 10-14. 7 items.
                                            • Folder 21 (MSN/MN 0510-21) Thomas W. Cridler: General correspondence, 1902 October 15. 5 items.
                                              • Folder 22 (MSN/MN 0510-22) Thomas W. Cridler: General correspondence, 1902 October 16-24. 4 items.
                                                • Folder 23 (MSN/MN 0510-23) Thomas W. Cridler: General correspondence, 1902 October 24-28. 5 items.
                                                  • Folder 24 (MSN/MN 0510-24) Thomas W. Cridler: General correspondence, 1902 October 31. 7 items.
                                                    • Folder 25 (MSN/MN 0510-25) Thomas W. Cridler: General correspondence, 1902 November 1-6. 8 items.
                                                      • Folder 26 (MSN/MN 0510-26) Thomas W. Cridler: General correspondence, 1902 November 7-10. 10 items.
                                                        • Folder 27 (MSN/MN 0510-27) Thomas W. Cridler: General correspondence, 1902 November 12-29. 6 items.
                                                          Includes a lengthy letter from Carrie Jenkins Harris. Harris is investigating a "row" in the State Department between William L. Penfield, solicitor of the State Department, and a Dr. Scott over "collusion with certain parties in Mexico" and the seizure "of $40,000 of Scott's money in the Bank of Monterey." Her letter begins, "I think I see a chance to bring a man (Penfield) who treated you badly to his senses!" Harris is going to use her "pen" and her "newspaper influence to its utmost limit" and would like Cridler's opinion on the matter.
                                                          • Folder 28 (MSN/MN 0510-28) Thomas W. Cridler: General correspondence, 1902 December 3-17. 9 items.
                                                            Includes correspondence with Colin H. Livingstone, the first president of the Boy Scouts of America and secretary to Senator Stephen Elkins of West Virginia. Cridler and Livingstone have a close personal relationship and also share business ties. Cridler writes in great detail of his experience in Europe, discusses their children's education, and ponders what he will do after the Fair. He implores Livingston to "keep me in constant thought, and my interests in touch. I shall need the aid of all my friends when I return and do not want them to forget me."
                                                            • Folder 29 (MSN/MN 0510-29) Thomas W. Cridler: General correspondence, 1902 December 24-29. 8 items.
                                                              • Folder 30 (MSN/MN 0510-30) Thomas W. Cridler: General correspondence, 1903 January 2-16. 8 items.
                                                                • Folder 31 (MSN/MN 0510-31) Thomas W. Cridler: General correspondence, 1903 January 17-31. 11 items.
                                                                  Includes a note which alludes to a possible reason for Cridler's resignation from the State Department.
                                                                  • Folder 32 (MSN/MN 0510-32) Thomas W. Cridler: General correspondence, 1903 February 2-13. 8 items.
                                                                    • Folder 33 (MSN/MN 0510-33) Thomas W. Cridler: General correspondence, 1903 February 16-23. 8 items.
                                                                      • Folder 34 (MSN/MN 0510-34) Thomas W. Cridler: General correspondence, 1903 March 2-21. 13 items.
                                                                        • Folder 35 (MSN/MN 0510-35) Thomas W. Cridler: General correspondence, 1903 March 24-26. 7 items.
                                                                          • Folder 36 (MSN/MN 0510-36) Thomas W. Cridler: General correspondence, 1903 April-May. 11 items.
                                                                            • Folder 37 (MSN/MN 0510-37) Thomas W. Cridler: General correspondence, 1903 June 5-7. 3 items.
                                                                              • Folder 38 (MSN/MN 0510-38) Thomas W. Cridler: General correspondence, 1903 June 18-29. 8 items.
                                                                                • Folder 39 (MSN/MN 0510-39) Thomas W. Cridler: General correspondence, 1903 July 7-23. 7 items.
                                                                                  • Folder 40 (MSN/MN 0510-40) Thomas W. Cridler: General correspondence, 1903 July 24-30. 4 items.
                                                                                    • Folder 41 (MSN/MN 0510-41) Thomas W. Cridler: General correspondence, 1903 August. 5 items.
                                                                                      • Folder 42 (MSN/MN 0510-42) Thomas W. Cridler: General correspondence, 1903 September. 6 items.
                                                                                        • Folder 43 (MSN/MN 0510-43) Thomas W. Cridler: General correspondence, 1903 October. 10 items.
                                                                                          • Folder 44 (MSN/MN 0510-44) Thomas W. Cridler: General correspondence, 1903 November. 7 items.
                                                                                            Included in folder is a lengthy letter from William H. Hunt, U.S. Consul to Madagascar. Hunt was appointed in August 1901 and at that time was one of only a few African-Americans employed in diplomatic service at the State Department. Hunt confides to Cridler regarding the difficulties of his post in Madagascar, explaining "the fact cannot be concealed that the Madagascar Consulate is not a bed of roses, either as regards climate, cost of living or social advantages; and it would be impossible to get married and bring an American wife here." Hunt asks for Cridler's advice "as no one is more intimate with the inner workings of the service than yourself . . . ."
                                                                                            • Folder 45 (MSN/MN 0510-45) Thomas W. Cridler: General correspondence, 1903 December 1-16. 10 items.
                                                                                              • Folder 46 (MSN/MN 0510-46) Thomas W. Cridler: General correspondence, 1903 December 24-31. 8 items.
                                                                                                • Folder 47 (MSN/MN 0510-47) Thomas W. Cridler: General correspondence, 1904 January 1-12. 5 items.
                                                                                                  • Folder 48 (MSN/MN 0510-48) Thomas W. Cridler: General correspondence, 1904 January 19-30. 8 items.
                                                                                                    • Folder 49 (MSN/EA 0502-49) Thomas W. Cridler: General correspondence, 1904 February 4-18. 9 items.
                                                                                                      • Folder 49 (MSN/MN 0510-50) Thomas W. Cridler: General correspondence, 1904 February 19-29. 11 items.
                                                                                                        • Folder 51 (MSN/MN 0510-51) Thomas W. Cridler: General correspondence, 1904 March. 10 items.
                                                                                                          • Folder 52 (MSN/MN 0510-52) Thomas W. Cridler: General correspondence, 1904 April. 3 items.
                                                                                                            • Folder 53 (MSN/MN 0510-53) Thomas W. Cridler: General correspondence, [1901-1904]. 10 items.
                                                                                                              Cridler kept much of his correspondence with Adolphus Busch, the German-born co-founder of the Anheuser Busch Brewery, in a separate file. Foreign promotion of the fair, or "exploitation" as it was called, was carried out under the supervision of a standing commitee led by Chairman Busch.
                                                                                                              • Folder 54 (MSN/MN 0510-54) Thomas W. Cridler: General correspondence, [1901-1904]. 36 items.
                                                                                                                Cridler kept many of his incoming telegrams and telegram forms in a single file.
                                                                                                                • Folder 55 (MSN/MN 0510-55) Thomas W. Cridler: General correspondence, [1901-1904]. 8 items.
                                                                                                                  Miscellaneous world's fair materials. Includes brochure in Spanish.
                                                                                                                  • Folder 56 (MSN/MN 0510-56) Thomas W. Cridler: General correspondence, [1901-1904]. 1 item.
                                                                                                                    Printed book: The Louisiana Purchase and Our Title West of the Rocky Mountains. (Washington DC: Government Printing Office, 1898). The book's cover is engraved to Hon. Thomas W. Cridler on front cover.
                                                                                                                    • Folder 57 (MSN/MN 0510-57) Thomas W. Cridler: General correspondence, [1901-1904]. 9 items.
                                                                                                                      Includes materials with information regarding rules and regulations affecting transportation of exhibits to St. Louis, Missouri.
                                                                                                                      • Folder 58 (MSN/MN 0510-58) Thomas W. Cridler: General correspondence, [1901-1904]. 4 items.
                                                                                                                        Includes four circulars from the fair's executive divisions with news from various countries.
                                                                                                                        • Folder 59 (MSN/MN 0510-59) Thomas W. Cridler: General correspondence, [1901-1904]. 33 items
                                                                                                                          Miscellaneous materials including hotel receipts, clippings, Masonic Relief application, and Cridler's medical test results.
                                                                                                                          • Folder 60 (MSN/MN 0510-60) Thomas W. Cridler: General correspondence, [1901-1904]. 1 item.
                                                                                                                            Loose pages from unidentified report listing imports and exports of mechandise by various countries.
                                                                                                                            • Folder 61 (MSN/MN 0510-61) Thomas W. Cridler: General correspondence, [1901-1904]. 14 items.
                                                                                                                              • Folder 62 (MSN/MN 0510-62) Thomas W. Cridler: General correspondence, [1901-1904]. 13 items.
                                                                                                                                • Folder 63 (MSN/MN 0510-63) Thomas W. Cridler: General correspondence, [1901-1904.] 6 items.
                                                                                                                                  Includes two copies of a circular from John Hay, Secretary of State, to the diplomatic and consular officers of the United States, requesting "whatever assistance [they] may be able to extend toward the successful prosecution of [Cridler's] important labors in Europe."
                                                                                                                                • Series 3: Thomas Wilbur Cridler: International Correspondence 
                                                                                                                                  • Folder 64 (MSN/MN 0510-64) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Abyssinia, 1902 September-October. 3 items.
                                                                                                                                    • Folder 65 (MSN/MN 0510-65 ) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Austria, 1902 June-December. 5 items.
                                                                                                                                      • Folder 66 (MSN/MN 0510-66) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Austria, 1903 January-May. 9 items.
                                                                                                                                        • Folder 67 (MSN/MN 0510-67) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Austria, 1903 June 8-10. 8 items.
                                                                                                                                          • Folder 68 (MSN/MN 0510-68) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Austria, 1903 June 12-16. 5 items.
                                                                                                                                            • Folder 69 (MSN/MN 0510-69) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Austria, 1903 June 18-26. 13 items.
                                                                                                                                              • Folder 70 (MSN/MN 0510-70) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Austria, 1903 July. 7 items.
                                                                                                                                                • Folder 71 (MSN/MN 0510-71) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Austria, 1903 August. 4 items.
                                                                                                                                                  • Folder 72 (MSN/MN 0510-72) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Austria, 1903 September-December. 5 items.
                                                                                                                                                    • Folder 73 (MSN/MN 0510-73) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Austria, 1904 June. 1 item.
                                                                                                                                                      • Folder 74 (MSN/MN 0510-74) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Belgium, 1902 January-July. 6 items.
                                                                                                                                                        • Folder 75 (MSN/MN 0510-75) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Belgium, 1902 August. 13 items.
                                                                                                                                                          • Folder 76 (MSN/MN 0510-76) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Belgium, 1902 September 3-9. 8 items.
                                                                                                                                                            • Folder 77 (MSN/MN 0510-77) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Belgium, 1902 September 10-13. 6 items.
                                                                                                                                                              • Folder 78 (MSN/MN 0510-78) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Belgium, 1902 September 15-16. 6 items.
                                                                                                                                                                Includes retained copies of correspondence directed to Commandant C. Leibrechts, Secretary-General for the Department of the Interior of the Belgian Congo and officials of the exposition. Cridler is hoping to secure an exhibit from "the vast African region which, through the perseverance, intelligence, and indomitable energy of His Majesty the King of the Belgians, had been most wonderfully developed and shown to be fertile in many valuable products." Cridler describes his audience with King Leopold II where he explained a colonial exhibit "would show wonderful strides had been made in the interest of commercial development."
                                                                                                                                                                • Folder 79 (MSN/MN 0510-79) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Belgium, 1902 September 17-19. 7 items.
                                                                                                                                                                  • Folder 80 (MSN/MN 0510-80) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Belgium, 1902 September 20-29. 6 items.
                                                                                                                                                                    • Folder 81 (MSN/MN 0510-81) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Belgium, 1902 September 30. 6 items.
                                                                                                                                                                      • Folder 82 (MSN/MN 0510-82) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Belgium, 1902 October 2-7. 5 items.
                                                                                                                                                                        • Folder 83 (MSN/MN 0510-83) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Belgium, 1902 October 9-31. 7 items.
                                                                                                                                                                          • Folder 84 (MSN/MN 0510-84) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Belgium, 1902 November-December. 6 items.
                                                                                                                                                                            • Folder 85 (MSN/MN 0510-85) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Belgium, 1903 January. 6 items.
                                                                                                                                                                              • Folder 86 (MSN/MN 0510-86) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Belgium, 1903 February-June. 11 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                • Folder 87 (MSN/MN 0510-87) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Belgium, 1904 July. 1 item.
                                                                                                                                                                                  • Folder 88 (MSN/MN 0510-88) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Belgium, [1901-1904]. 12 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                    • Folder 89 (MSN/MN 0510-89) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Belgium, [1901-1904]. 43 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                      Includes a collection of calling and business cards Cridler retained from his visit to Bruxelles, Belgium.
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Folder 90 (MSN/MN 0510-90) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Bulgaria, 1903 July-November. 5 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                        Includes information regarding Cridler's Order of Civil Merit awarded by the Bulgarian Government.
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Folder 91 (MSN/MN 0510-91) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Bulgaria, 1904 February-March. 2 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                          • Folder 92 (MSN/MN 0510-92) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Bulgaria, [1901-1904]. 1 item.
                                                                                                                                                                                            Includes a booklet regarding mines and quarries found in Bulgaria from the 1900 World's Fair in Paris.
                                                                                                                                                                                            • Folder 93 (MSN/MN 0510-93) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Denmark, Sweden, and Norway, 1902 June. 2 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                              • Folder 94 (MSN/MN 0510-94) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Denmark, Sweden, and Norway, 1902 August. 7 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                • Folder 95 (MSN/MN 0510-95) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Denmark, Sweden, and Norway, 1902 September 4-16. 7 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Folder 96 (MSN/MN 0510-96) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Denmark, Sweden, and Norway, 1902 September 27-30. 5 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Folder 97 (MSN/MN 0510-97) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Denmark, Sweden, and Norway, 1902 October. 1 item.
                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Folder 98 (MSN/MN 0510-98) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Denmark, Sweden, and Norway, 1903 January-February. 4 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Folder 99 (MSN/MN 0510-99) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Denmark, Sweden, and Norway, 1903 March. 7 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Folder 100 (MSN/MN 0510-100) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Denmark, Sweden, and Norway, 1903 April 2-11. 7 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Folder 101 (MSN/MN 0510-101) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Denmark, Sweden, and Norway, 1903 April 14-30. 8 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Folder 102 (MSN/MN 0510-102) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Denmark, Sweden, and Norway, 1903 May. 5 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Folder 103 (MSN/MN 0510-103) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Denmark, Sweden, and Norway, 1903 July-September. 6 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Folder 104 (MSN/MN 0510-104) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Denmark, Sweden, and Norway, 1904 January. 1 item.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Folder 105 (MSN/MN 0510-105) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Denmark, Sweden, and Norway, [1901-1904]. 3 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Folder 106 (MSN/MN 0510-106) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Egypt, 1902-1903. 7 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Folder 107 (MSN/MN 0510-107) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: France, 1901 October. 1 item.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Folder 108 (MSN/MN 0510-108) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: France, 1902 April-June. 4 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Folder 109 (MSN/MN 0510-109) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: France, 1902 July-August. 7 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Folder 110 (MSN/MN 0510-110) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: France, 1902 September 2-11. 5 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Folder 111 (MSN/MN 0510-111) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: France, 1902 September 12-30. 4 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Folder 112 (MSN/MN 0510-112) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: France, 1902 November. 2 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Folder 113 (MSN/MN 0510-113) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: France, 1902 December 3-15. 8 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Folder 114 (MSN/MN 0510-114) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: France, 1902 December 19-24. 3 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Folder 115 (MSN/MN 0510-115) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: France, 1903 January. 7 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Folder 116 (MSN/MN 0510-116) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: France, 1903 February 2-12. 11 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Folder 117 (MSN/MN 0510-117) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: France, 1903 February 16-25. 8 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Folder 118 (MSN/MN 0510-118) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: France, 1903 March. 10 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Folder 119 (MSN/MN 0510-119) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: France, 1903 April-May. 6 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Folder 120 (MSN/MN 0510-120) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: France, 1903 June 10-19. 5 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Included in folder is further correspondence between Cridler, William H. Hunt, and officials of the exposition regarding the possible appointment of Lieutenant Carpeaux, the son of a "well-known" sculptor, as the military attaché of the Malagasy Mission. Cridler provides Hunt with a lesson in diplomacy, explaining "a personal visit is so much more satisfactory and in matters of this kind so is an oral request. A formal written communication would never do: we are appealing for a favor."
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Folder 121 (MSN/MN 0510-121) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: France, 1903 June 22-25. 5 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Folder 122 (MSN/MN 0510-122) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: France, 1903 July 4-9. 6 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Folder 123 (MSN/MN 0510-123) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: France, 1903 July 23-24. 4 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Folder 124 (MSN/MN 0510-124) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: France, 1903 August. 3 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Folder 125 (MSN/MN 0510-125) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: France, 1903 September. 1 item.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Folder 126 (MSN/MN 0510-126) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: France, 1903 October. 3 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Folder 127 (MSN/MN 0510-127) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: France, 1903 December. 5 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Folder 128 (MSN/MN 0510-128) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: France, 1904 January-April. 5 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Folder 129 (MSN/MN 0510-129) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: France, [1901-1904]. 1 item.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Folder 130 (MSN/MN 0510-130) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Germany, 1902 July-August. 5 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Folder 131 (MSN/MN 0510-131) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Germany, 1902 October-November. 4 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Folder 132 (MSN/MN 0510-132) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Germany, 1902 December. 2 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Folder 133 (MSN/MN 0510-133) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Germany, [1902]. 4 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Folder 134 (MSN/MN 0510-134) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Germany, 1903 January. 11 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Folder 135 (MSN/MN 0510-135) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Germany, 1903 February-March. 6 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Folder 136 (MSN/MN 0510-136) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Germany, 1903 April-May. 7 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Folder 137 (MSN/MN 0510-137) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Germany, 1903 June 5-15. 8 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Folder 138 (MSN/MN 0510-138) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Germany, 1903 June 18-27. 6 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Folder 139 (MSN/MN 0510-139) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Germany, 1903 July. 9 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Folder 140 (MSN/MN 0510-140) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Germany, 1903 August-December. 7 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Folder 141 (MSN/MN 0510-141) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Germany, 1904 January-July. 2 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Folder 142 (MSN/MN 0510-142) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Germany, 1910 April. 1 item.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Folder 143 (MSN/MN 0510-143) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Germany, [1901-1904]. 14 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Folder 144 (MSN/MN 0510-144) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Great Britain, 1902 May-June. 6 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Folder 145 (MSN/MN 0510-145) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Great Britain, 1902 July. 3 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Folder 146 (MSN/MN 0510-146) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Great Britain, 1902 August. 6 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Includes a retained copy of a letter Cridler wrote to Theodore Roosevelt, President of the United States, regarding British participation at the fair.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Folder 147 (MSN/MN 0510-147) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Great Britain, 1902 September. 6 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Folder 148 (MSN/MN 0510-148) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Great Britain, 1902 October-November. 5 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Folder 149 (MSN/MN 0510-149) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Great Britain, 1902 December. 6 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Folder 150 (MSN/MN 0510-150) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Great Britain, 1903 January-February. 5 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Folder 151 (MSN/MN 0510-151) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Great Britain, 1903 March-April. 6 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Folder 152 (MSN/MN 0510-152) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Great Britain, 1903 May-December. 7 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Folder 153 (MSN/MN 0510-153) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Great Britain, 1904 January-February. 2 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Folder 154 (MSN/MN 0510-154) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Great Britain, [1901-1904]. 1 item.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Folder 155 (MSN/MN 0510-155) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Greece, 1902 February-August. 3 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Includes correspondence with Carrie Jenkins Harris.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Folder 156 (MSN/MN 0510-156) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Greece, 1902 September. 12 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Includes multiple letters from Carrie Jenkins Harris. Harris suggests it is possible for Cridler to "certainly get the Congressional nomination, and later the Senate" in West Virginia. Her plan is "to get the influence of Southern R.R., the coal interests, and the Standard Oil Co. behind [Cridler]. She will also send "to every paper in [Cridler's] Congressional district a series of letters showing what [Cridler is] doing to advance the material welfare of [his] state."
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Folder 157 (MSN/MN 0510-157) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Greece, 1902 October. 1 item.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Includes a final group of letters between Harris and Cridler. Cridler warns Harris her "letter shows traces of venom" and she must be more careful with what she says and still more careful with what she writes.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Folder 158 (MSN/MN 0510-158) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Greece, 1903-1904. 2 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Folder 159 (MSN/MN 0510-159) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Holland, 1902 August. 1 item.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Folder 160 (MSN/MN 0510-160) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Holland, 1903 January. 3 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Folder 161 (MSN/MN 0510-161) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Holland, 1903 February. 9 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Folder 162 (MSN/MN 0510-162) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Holland, 1903 March-April. 5 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Folder 163 (MSN/MN 0510-163) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Holland, 1903 May-June. 6 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Folder 164 (MSN/MN 0510-164) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Holland, 1903 July-December. 6 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Folder 165 (MSN/MN 0510-165) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Holland, [1901-1904]. 2 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Folder 166 (MSN/MN 0510-166) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Hungary, 1903 January-July. 6 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Folder 167 (MSN/MN 0510-167) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Hungary, 1903 August 3-17. 6 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Folder 168 (MSN/MN 0510-168) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Hungary, 1903 August 19-25. 4 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Folder 169 (MSN/MN 0510-169) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Hungary, 1903 September. 2 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Folder 170 (MSN/MN 0510-170) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Hungary, 1903 October 9-26. 3 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Folder 171 (MSN/MN 0510-171) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Hungary, 1903 October 30-31. 4 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Folder 172 (MSN/MN 0510-172) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Hungary, 1903 November 2-20. 4 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Folder 173 (MSN/MN 0510-108) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Hungary, 1903 November 21-25. 3 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Folder 174 (MSN/MN 0510-174) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Hungary, 1903 December. 1 item.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Folder 175 (MSN/MN 0510-175) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Hungary, 1904 February. 1 item.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Folder 176 (MSN/MN 0510-176) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Hungary, [1901-1904]. 7 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Folder 177 (MSN/MN 0510-177) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Italy, 1902 January-May. 7 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Folder 178 (MSN/MN 0510-178) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Italy, 1902 June. 5 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Folder 179 (MSN/MN 0510-179) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Italy, 1902 July. 4 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Folder 180 (MSN/MN 0510-180) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Italy, 1902 August 4-15. 8 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Folder 181 (MSN/MN 0510-181) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Italy, 1902 August 20-30. 4 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Folder 182 (MSN/MN 0510-182) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Italy, 1902 September. 6 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Folder 183 (MSN/MN 0510-183) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Italy, 1902 October 3-9. 11 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Folder 184 (MSN/MN 0510-184) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Italy, 1902 October 13-19. 5 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Folder 185 (MSN/MN 0510-185) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Italy, 1902 October 22-31. 9 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Folder 186 (MSN/MN 0510-186) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Italy, 1902 November 5. 3 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Folder 187 (MSN/MN 0510-187) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Italy, 1902 November 6-8. 4 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Folder 188 (MSN/MN 0510-188) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Italy, 1902 November 10-13. 5 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Folder 189 (MSN/MN 0510-189) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Italy, 1902 November 18-28. 3 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Folder 190 (MSN/MN 0510-190) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Italy, 1902 December 3-13. 6 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Folder 191 (MSN/MN 0510-191) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Italy, 1902 December 17-31. 8 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Folder 192 (MSN/MN 0510-192) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Italy, 1903 January 2-15. 4 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Folder 193 (MSN/MN 0510-193) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Italy, 1903 January 16-25. 12 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Folder 194 (MSN/MN 0510-194) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Italy, 1903 February 2-9. 5 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Folder 195 (MSN/MN 0510-195) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Italy, 1903 February 17-25. 4 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Folder 196 (MSN/MN 0510-196) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Italy, 1903 March. 9 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Folder 197 (MSN/MN 0510-197) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Italy, 1903 April. 7 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Folder 198 (MSN/MN 0510-198) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Italy, 1903 May. 4 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Folder 199 (MSN/MN 0510-199) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Italy, 1903 June-July. 8 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Folder 200 (MSN/MN 0510-200) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Italy, 1903 August-December. 6 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Folder 201 (MSN/MN 0510-201) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Italy, 1904 January. 3 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Folder 202 (MSN/MN 0510-202) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence: Italy, [1901-1904]. 7 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Folder 203 (MSN/MN 0510-203) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Morocco, 1902 May-August. 10 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Included in the folder is correspondence with James W.S. Langerman, Vice Consul-General of Morocco. Langerman went to great lengths to ensure the participation of Morocco at the Fair. The letters and newspaper clippings chronicle Langerman's 12-day journey to Fez to hand deliver a personal invitation from President Roosevelt to participate in the Fair, as well as a gift of four silver plates. Cridler and Langerman's correspondence also hints at their combined personal business dealings in Africa. The folder includes Langerman's 9-page "scheme," which was sent to Cridler regarding the exportation of black Americans to work in the rubber plantations of the Belgian Congo.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Folder 204 (MSN/MN 0510-204) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Morocco, 1902 September. 7 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Included in the file is further correspondence between Cridler and Langerman describing the situation in Morocco and further details regarding their business interests in the Congo. Cridler writes to "Jimmy" stating his "prospectus re the Congo business reads splendidly."
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Folder 205 (MSN/MN 0510-2055) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Morocco, 1902 October-November. 8 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Folder 206 (MSN/MN 0510-206) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Morocco, 1902 December. 8 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Folder 207 (MSN/MN 0510-207) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Morocco, 1903 January-October. 9 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Folder 208 (MSN/MN 0510-208) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Macedonia-Albania, 1903 September. 1 item.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Folder 209 (MSN/MN 0510-209) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Persia, 1902 August-December. 9 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Folder 210 (MSN/MN 0510-210) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Persia, 1903 February-June. 4 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Folder 211 (MSN/MN 0510-211) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Portugal, 1901 August-November. 5 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Folder 212 (MSN/MN 0510-212) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Portugal, 1902 May-December. 8 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Folder 213 (MSN/MN 0510-213) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Portugal, 1903 March-November. 8 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Folder 214 (MSN/MN 0510-214) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Romania, 1903-1904. 10 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Folder 215 (MSN/MN 0510-215) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Russia, 1902 April-June. 3 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  The largest group of correspondence in the collection relates to Russia. Cridler waged an extensive diplomatic campaign to ensure Russian participation at the Fair. On one occasion he describes his three weeks in St. Petersburg as "frequently trying." The Russian government eventually agreed to appoint Serge Alexandrovsky as Russian Commissioner General and committed to "arranging an excellent exhibit." Though Cridler believed he had achieved "complete success" in recruiting Russia, the outbreak of the Russo-Japanese War in February 1904 forced Russia to cancel its exhibit.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Folder 216 (MSN/MN 0510-216) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Russia, 1902 August. 9 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Folder 217 (MSN/MN 0510-217) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Russia, 1902 November-December. 6 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Folder 218 (MSN/MN 0510-218) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Russia, 1903 January-February. 6 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Folder 219 (MSN/MN 0510-219) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Russia, 1903 March 2-13. 8 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Folder 220 (MSN/MN 0510-220) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Russia, 1903 March 18-30. 11 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Folder 221 (MSN/MN 0510-221) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Russia, 1903 April 7-14. 9 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Folder 222 (MSN/MN 0510-222) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Russia, 1903 April 20-30. 11 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Folder 223 (MSN/MN 0510-223) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Russia, 1903 May 2-6. 5 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Folder 224 (MSN/MN 0510-224) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Russia, 1903 May 8-14. 11 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Folder 225 (MSN/MN 0510-225) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Russia, 1903 May 18-31. 7 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Folder 226 (MSN/MN 0510-226) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Russia, 1903 June 1-9. 6 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Folder 227 (MSN/MN 0510-227) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Russia, 1903 June 10-13. 7 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Folder 228 (MSN/MN 0510-228) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Russia, 1903 June 15-19. 9 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Folder 229 (MSN/MN 0510-229) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Russia, 1903 June 22-26. 8 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Folder 230 (MSN/MN 0510-230) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Russia, 1903 July 21-25. 4 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Folder 231 (MSN/MN 0510-231) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Russia, 1903 July 27-30. 4 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Folder 232 (MSN/MN 0510-232) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Russia, 1903 August. 7 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Folder 233 (MSN/MN 0510-233) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Russia, 1903 September. 4 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Folder 234 (MSN/MN 0510-234) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Russia, 1903 October-December. 7 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Folder 235 (MSN/MN 0510-235) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Russia, 1904 January. 1 item.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Folder 236 (MSN/MN 0510-236) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Russia, [1901-1904]. 6 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Folder 237 (MSN/MN 0510-237) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Serbia, 1903 August-November. 8 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Folder 238 (MSN/MN 0510-238) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, South Africa, 1902-1904. 8 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Folder 239 (MSN/MN 0510-239) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Spain, 1902 March-December. 7 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Folder 240 (MSN/MN 0510-240) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Spain, 1903 February. 6 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Folder 241 (MSN/MN 0510-241) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Spain, 1903 March-April. 7 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Folder 242 (MSN/MN 0510-242) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Spain, 1903 May. 2 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Folder 243 (MSN/MN 0510-243) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Spain, 1903 June. 5 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Folder 244 (MSN/MN 0510-244) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Spain, 1903 July. 4 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Folder 245 (MSN/MN 0510-245) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Spain, 1903 August-October. 3 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Folder 246 (MSN/MN 0510-246) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Spain, 1903 November-December. 3 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Folder 247 (MSN/MN 0510-247) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Spain, 1904 January-February. 3 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Folder 248 (MSN/MN 0510-248) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Switzerland, 1902 January 6-15. 4 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Folder 249 (MSN/EA 0502-249) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Switzerland, 1902 January 16. 3 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Folder 250 (MSN/MN 0510-250) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Switzerland, 1902 January 17-22. 7 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Folder 251 (MSN/MN 0510-251) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Switzerland, 1902 April-August. 9 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Folder 252 (MSN/MN 0510-252) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Switzerland, 1902 September. 10 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Folder 253 (MSN/MN 0510-253) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Switzerland, 1902 October 1-14. 8 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Folder 254 (MSN/MN 0510-254) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Switzerland, 1902 October 17-28. 9 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Folder 255 (MSN/MN 0510-255) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Switzerland, 1902 November 5-10. 5 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Folder 256 (MSN/MN 0510-256) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Switzerland, 1902 November 15-28. 5 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Folder 257 (MSN/MN 0510-257) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Switzerland, 1902 December. 7 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Folder 258 (MSN/MN 0510-258) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Switzerland, 1903 January. 4 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Folder 259 (MSN/MN 0510-259) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Switzerland, 1903 February. 8 items
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Folder 260 (MSN/MN 0510-260) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Switzerland, 1903 March. 3 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Folder 261 (MSN/MN 0510-261) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Switzerland, 1903 April. 5 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Folder 262 (MSN/MN 0510-262) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Switzerland, 1903 May. 4 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Folder 263 (MSN/MN 0510-263) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Switzerland, 1903 June-August. 9 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Folder 264 (MSN/MN 0510-264) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Switzerland, 1903 September. 5 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Folder 265 (MSN/MN 0510-265) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Switzerland, 1903 October. 6 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Folder 266 (MSN/MN 0510-266) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Switzerland, 1903 November-December. 3 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Folder 267 (MSN/MN 0510-267) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Switzerland, 1904 January. 2 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Folder 268 (MSN/EA 0502-268) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Switzerland, [1901-1904]. 8 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Folder 269 (MSN/MN 0510-269) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Turkey, 1888 May. 1 item.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Copy of report regarding copper mines in Turkey.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Folder 270 (MSN/MN 0510-270) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Turkey, 1902 August-November. 2 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Folder 271 (MSN/MN 0510-271) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Turkey, 1903 March-September. 7 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Folder 272 (MSN/MN 0510-272) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Turkey, 1903 October. 6 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Folder 273 (MSN/MN 0510-273) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Turkey, 1903 November. 7 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Folder 274 (MSN/MN 0510-274) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Turkey, 1903 December. 6 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Folder 275 (MSN/MN 0510-275) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Turkey, 1904 January-September. 4 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Folder 276 (MSN/MN 0510-276) Thomas W. Cridler: International correspondence, Turkey, 1911 February. 1 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Includes an invitation from the Ottoman Embassy.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Series 4: Speeches 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Folder 277 (MSN/MN 0510-277) Thomas W. Cridler: Speeches, [1901-1904]. 5 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Includes copies of speeches given to the International Art Association in Rome, a group of Republicans in West Virginia, the American Chamber of Commerce in Paris, and the LaFayette DuPont Masonic Lodge in Washington, DC regarding his experiences in Russia. Cridler describes at length his meeting with Czar Nicholas II and states "his hardest work was done in Russia; my proudest success achieved there."
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Series 5: Stationery 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Folder 278 (MSN/MN 0510-278) Thomas W. Cridler: Stationery, [1901-1904]. 3 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Unused stationery.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Series 6: Business Cards 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Folder 279 (MSN/MN 0510-279) Thomas W. Cridler: Business cards, [1901-1904]. 220 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Series 7: Stamps 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Folder 280 (MSN/MN 0510-280) Thomas W. Cridler: Stamp collection, [1901-1904]. 683 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Cridler removed the stamps from his correspondence for his daughter, Lilian, who collected them.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Series 8: Photographs 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Folder 281 (MSN/MN 0510-281) Photographs. Miscellaneous, n. d. 13 items.