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Guide to the William Judson Howe Papers

MSN/CW 1015

 

Collection Summary

Title: William Judson Howe Papers.
Dates: 1857-1993(bulk 1861-1865)
Collection No.: MSN/CW 1015
Creator: Howe, William Judson, 1838-1925
Extent: 109 folders; 2 containers plus 1 flat storage container; 1 linear foot
Language: Collection material in English
Repository: University of Notre Dame. Hesburgh Libraries, Department of Special Collections. 102 Hesburgh Library, Notre Dame, IN 46556
Abstract: The Civil War letters, wartime manuscripts and postwar family papers of William Judson Howe (1838-1925) of Bradford County, Pennsylvania, who served in Company C of the 7th Pennsylvania Cavalry from 1862 to 1865.

Selected Search Terms

American Civil War, letters and diaries
Soldiers -- United States -- Archives
Soldiers -- Pennsylvania -- 1860-1870
United States. Army. Pennsylvania Cavalry Regiment, 7th (1861-1865)

Administrative Information

Restrictions: There are no access restrictions on this collection.

Preferred Citation: William Judson Howe Papers, Department of Special Collections, Hesburgh Libraries of Notre Dame.

Acquisition and Processing Note: The Howe Papers were purchased by the Hesburgh Libraries in January 2017, from Jordan Antiques and Antiqurian Books, Dorset. Vermont. Arranged and described 2017, by Yang Wu. Finding aid 2018, by Yang Wu.

Biographical Note

William Judson Howe was born on 18 December 1838 at Burlington, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, the son of John and Carolyn Scott Howe. In October 1859 he married Jeanette Knights, whose father owned a farm five miles east of Troy in Bradford County. Prior to the war Howe appears to have worked as an itinerant farm laborer, with a permanent residence at the Troy farm. In August 1862 he enlisted in the Union army, and the following month was mustered in a private to Co. C, 7th Pennsylvania Cavalry. Howe served with this regiment for the duration of the war, attached to the Army of the Ohio (to January 1863); the Army of the Cumberland (January 1863 to November 1864); and the Cavalry Corps, Military Division of the Mississippi (to July 1865). He was present with the regiment in Middle Tennessee during the Stones River campaign (December 1862-January 1863), and fought in a number of cavalry actions that winter and spring. He appears to have been present at Chickamauga (September 1863), and rode with the regiment on Wilson's raid through Alabama and Georgia (March to May 1865). Beginning in April 1863 Howe was periodically attached to brigade headquarters as a provost guard, overseeing prisoners of both armies and performing various other duties. He was also detached from the regiment following the death of his horse in May 1864, performing various kinds of dismounted duty in East Tennessee and at Columbia, Tennessee until November (thus missing the Atlanta campaign). Howe rejoined his regiment at the end of the year and was involved in the battle of Selma in April 1865. He was discharged at Nashville in June 1865, and subsequently worked for the Tioga Rail Road Company in Tioga County, Pennsylvania. Howe and Jeanette had four children, one of whom, Della Isabelle (1869-1961) took care of him after his health failed in 1905. Howe died in Corning, Steuben County, New York in 1925.

Scope and Content Note

The papers include 87 letters written by William Judson Howe from 8 August 1861 to 18 May 1865, mainly to his wife Jeanette. Nine of these were written by Howe before his enlistment and the rest date from his service in the 7th Pennsylvania Cavalry. Also present are a few other items dating from Howe's years of service: five miscellaneous manuscripts, several pieces of ephemera, and a needle book sent to Howe by his wife. There are also postwar papers relating to Howe's G.A.R. activities and to his military pension, 11 family photographs, and an array of personal and family papers extending into the 20th century.

Arrangement Note

The collection is arranged in four series: 1. Civil War Letters; 2. War-date Manuscripts, Printed Ephemera, and Realia; 3. Later War-related Records; 4. Howe Family Papers. The first series contains one item per folder, chronilogically arranged; later series include multiple items per folder.

Container List

  • Series 1: Civil War Letters 
    • Folder 1 (MSN/CW 1015-1) Letter: William J. Howe, Montour, Schuyler County, New York, to Jeanette K. Howe, n.p., 1861 August 8. ALS; 2 pages on one folded sheet.
      Letter written by Howe to his wife a year before his enlistment. Written while he was working for the Hewett (possibly Hewitt) family in Veteran, Chemung County in southern New York.
      • Folder 2 (MSN/CW 1015-2) Letter: William J. Howe, Veteran, Chemung County, New York, to Jeanette K. Howe, Troy, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, 1861 August 11. ALS; 2 pages on one folded sheet.
        Letter written by Howe while working with the Hewetts. Howe expresses a desire to pay off his debts and send his wife money. He also provides directions about financial matters at home.
        • Folder 3 (MSN/CW 1015-3) Letter: William J. Howe, Millport, Chemung County, New York, to Jeanette K. Howe, Troy, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, 1861 August 22. ALS; 4 pages on one folded sheet, with envelope.
          Howe mentions that he does not have money to send home yet. He asks Jeanette to seek financial help from her father and to get someone to stay with her while he is away.
          • Folder 4 (MSN/CW 1015-4) Letter: William J. Howe, Millport, Chemung County, New York, to Jeanette K. Howe and "Dear Brother", n.p., 1861 September 16. AL; 4 pages on one folded sheet.
            Howe expresses his affection for Jeanette and is happy to learn that his brother has found a companion to stay with her. In a separate letter directed to his brother, he mentions that he is coming home briefly in three weeks time.
            • Folder 5 (MSN/CW 1015-5) Letter: William J. Howe, n.p., to Jeanette K. Howe, n.p., 1861 November 4. ALS; 3 pages on one folded sheet.
              Howe writes to Jeanette about his work and matters at home and expresses a desire to return.
              • Folder 6 (MSN/CW 1015-6) Letter: William J. Howe, Veteran, Chemung County, New York, to Jeanette K. Howe, n.p., 1861 November 11. ALS; 4 pages on one folded sheet.
                Howe discusses his work and gives Jeannette directions on matters at home.
                • Folder 7 (MSN/CW 1015-7) Letter: William J. Howe, Veteran, Chemung County, New York, to Jeanette K. Howe, n.p., 1861 November 20. ALS; 4 pages on one folded sheet.
                  Howe expresses concern for his wife's health after hearing that she is ill. He tells her that he can't come home from New York yet but lets her know that he has no intention of enlisting in the army.
                  • Folder 8 (MSN/CW 1015-8) Letter: William J. Howe, n.p., to Jeanette K. Howe, Troy, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, 1861 November 28. ALS; 2 pages on one folded sheet.
                    Howe expresses concern for his wife's health after hearing that she is ill. He tells her that he can't come home from work in New York yet but lets her know that he has no intentions of enlisting in the army.
                    • Folder 9 (MSN/CW 1015-9) Letter: William J. Howe, n.p., to Jeanette K. Howe, Troy, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, 1861 December 11. ALS; 3 pages on one folded sheet, with envelope.
                      Howe mentions that he is relieved to hear that his wife is feeling better and asks about people back home. He also tells Jeanette that he probably can't return until mid-December.
                      • Folder 10 (MSN/CW 1015-10) Letter: William J. Howe, Camp Curtin, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, to Jeanette K. Howe, Troy, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, 1862 September 1. AL; 4 pages on one folded sheet, with envelope.
                        Written several days after Howe's enlistment. The letter describes military training and reserve duty guarding prisoners.
                        • Folder 11 (MSN/CW 1015-11) Letter: William J. Howe, Camp Curtin, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, to Jeanette K. Howe, Troy, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, 1862 September 7. AL; 4 pages on one folded sheet, with envelope.
                          Howe tells Jeanette that he is sending her his 29 dollar bounty. He also describes rampant theft amongst soldiers in Camp Curtin.
                          • Folder 12 (MSN/CW 1015-12) Letter: William J. Howe, Louisville, Kentucky, to Jeanette K. Howe, n.d., 1862 September. AL; 4 pages on one folded sheet.
                            Faded letter. Howe writes to Jeanette about the situation at home and asks her to send him things. He notes that he is at Louisville, working for the assistant inspector general and mentions that he would earn more money if he was promoted to corporal.
                            • Folder 13 (MSN/CW 1015-13) Letter: William J. Howe, Louisville, Kentucky, to Jeanette K. Howe, Troy, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, 1862 September 18. ALS; 4 pages on one folded sheet, with envelope.
                              Howe describes to Jeanette his travels across Ohio, Indiana and Kentucky to reach Louisville and his promotion to corporal. He notes optimism among the troops that the war will end soon after news of the Union victory in Antietam.
                              • Folder 14 (MSN/CW 1015-14) Letter: William J. Howe, Louisville, Kentucky, to Jeanette K. Howe, Troy, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, 1862 October 3. ALS; 4 pages on one folded sheet, with envelope.
                                Howe notes that he is camped outside Louisville, and is not sure when he will join his regiment. He claims that he likes camp life and mentions Union Brig. Gen. Jefferson C. Davis's shooting of Union Brig. Gen. William Nelson in Louisville a few days earlier.
                                • Folder 15 (MSN/CW 1015-15) Letter: William J. Howe, Louisville, Kentucky, to Jeanette K. Howe, Troy, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, 1862 October 12. ALS; 4 pages on one folded sheet, with envelope.
                                  Howe is relieved to receive Jeanette's letter after not hearing from her for weeks. He dismisses her desire for him to leave the army by noting that he is fighting for his country and that he has two brothers in the service. Howe also notes that his unit is being equipped with weapons but is not sure when he will have pay to send home.
                                  • Folder 16 (MSN/CW 1015-16) Letter: William J. Howe, Camp Scott, Nashville, Tennessee, to Jeanette K. Howe, Troy, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, 1862 November 26. ALS; 4 pages on one folded sheet, with envelope. The sheet contains a letter by Howe's brother James to "Dear Sister".
                                    Howe says that he arrived at Camp Scott a day earlier, and that he has sent money home for Jeanette. He mentions why he has not heard from her since his last letter, and that he has met his two brothers. James Howe writes to Jeanette on the same sheet, describing camp life and the local military situation.
                                    • Folder 17 (MSN/CW 1015-17) Letter: William J. Howe, n.p., to Jeanette K. Howe, n.p., 1862. AL; 4 pages on one folded sheet. First sheet lacking.
                                      Partial letter, probably describing a cavalry action at Franklin, Tennessee, 12 December 1862, in which Howe took part.
                                      • Folder 18 (MSN/CW 1015-18) Letter: William J. Howe, Camp Rosecrans, Nashville, Tennessee, to Jeanette K. Howe, Troy, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, 1862 December 17. ALS; 4 pages on one folded sheet, with envelope.
                                        Howe mentions that he is in camp while the rest of his company has gone out on picket. He asks Jeanette to send him a photograph of herself, talks about his brothers in the army, people at home and asks her to confirm her receipt of the money he sent her. Mentions a needle book (see folder 96): "I am sory if that that leter with the needle book in it is lost for it would be so handy for me besides it would loock so natural to see some of your fixings . . . ."
                                        • Folder 19 (MSN/CW 1015-19) Letter: William J. Howe, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, to Jeanette K. Howe, Troy, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, 1863 January 8. ALS; 4 pages on one folded sheet, with envelope.
                                          Howe describes his participation in the battle of Stones River (Murfreesboro), 31 December 1862-2 January 1863.
                                          • Folder 20 (MSN/CW 1015-20) Letter: William J. Howe, Nashville, Tennessee, to Jeanette K. Howe, Troy, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, 1863 January 12. ALS; 4 pages on one folded sheet, with envelope.
                                            Howe commenced this letter on 12 January when he was in Nashville and notes that he finished it on 23 January, in Murfreesboro. He assures his wife that he is well after the heavy fighting of the previous month, and elaborates on the horrors of war.
                                            • Folder 21 (MSN/CW 1015-21) Letter: William J. Howe, Camp near Murfreesboro, Tennessee, to Jeanette K. Howe, Troy, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, 1863 January 28. ALS; 4 pages on one folded sheet, with envelope.
                                              Howe gives an optimistic assessment of the war, predicting quick victory. He dispels rumors that his regiment was "most all killed" at Stones River, and describes the destruction to the southern countryside.
                                              • Folder 22 (MSN/CW 1015-22) Letter: William J. Howe, camp near Murfreesboro, Tennessee, to Jeanette K. Howe, Troy, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, 1863 February 14. AL; 4 pages on one folded sheet.
                                                Howe describes taking part in actions at Unionville and Rover, Tennessee on 31 January and 13 February, 1863.
                                                • Folder 23 (MSN/CW 1015-23) Letter: William J. Howe, Camp Stanley, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, to Jeanette K. Howe, Troy, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, 1863 February 23. AL; 2 pages on one sheet, with envelope.
                                                  • Folder 24 (MSN/CW 1015-24) Letter: William J. Howe, camp near Murfreesboro, Tennessee, to Jeanette K. Howe, Troy, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, 1863 March 3. AL; 2 pages on one sheet, with envelope.
                                                    Howe describes an action at Bradyville. He also speaks of his brothers and other soldiers in his company.
                                                    • Folder 25 (MSN/CW 1015-25) Letter: William J. Howe, Camp Rosecrans, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, to Jeanette K. Howe, Troy, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, 1863 March 12. ALS; 4 pages on one folded sheet, with envelope.
                                                      Howe writes about the war in Tennessee, people at home, soldiers in his company and the newly passed conscription act.
                                                      • Folder 26 (MSN/CW 1015-26) Letter: William J. Howe, Camp Stanley, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, to Jeanette K. Howe, Troy, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, 1863 March 17. ALS; 4 pages on one folded sheet.
                                                        Howe writes optimistically about the war. He is supportive of conscription, describes his regiment's victories in skirmishes, and mentions a grand review of the cavalry of the Army of the Cumberland.
                                                        • Folder 27 (MSN/CW 1015-27-F1) Letter: William J. Howe, Camp Stanley, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, to Jeanette K. Howe, Troy, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, 1863 April 8. ALS; 2 pages on one ledger sheet, with envelope.
                                                          Howe writes about actions he was involved in as his regiment went on an expedition from Murfreesboro through Auburn, Liberty, Snow Hill and surrounding areas, 2 to 6 April. He also discusses his brothers, people at home and news of spies being executed in Murfreesboro.
                                                          • Folder 28 (MSN/CW 1015-28-F1) Letter: William J. Howe, Headquarters, 1st Brigade Cavalry, Tennessee, to Jeanette K. Howe, n.p., 1863 April 14. ALS; 2 pages on one ledger sheet.
                                                            Howe writes of his pleasure at being assigned to brigade headquarters (1st Cavalry Brigade, Army of the Cumberland) as a member of the provost guard. His responsibilities are "to gard priseners and arest unruley soldiers and gard union mens houses when on a scout." He also writes of a cavalry engagement around Franklin about 10 April, in which he was involved.
                                                            • Folder 29 (MSN/CW 1015-29-F1) Letter: William J. Howe, Headquarters, 1st Brigade of Cavalry, near Murfreesboro, Tennessee, to Jeanette K. Howe, n.p, 1863 April 28. ALS; 2 pages on one ledger sheet.
                                                              Howe describes an expedition from Murfreesboro to McMinnville (from 20 April), and guarding captured Confederates. He also gives an upbeat assessment of the war and writes of people back home.
                                                              • Folder 30 (MSN/CW 1015-30-F1) Letter: William J. Howe, Headquarters, 1st Brigade Cavalry, Camp Pleasant, Tennessee, to Jeanette K. Howe, n.p, 1863 May 4. ALS; 2 pages on one ledger sheet.
                                                                Howe describes the ragged state of the Confederate troops and insists that Bragg plys his men with whiskey to get them to fight.
                                                                • Folder 31 (MSN/CW 1015-31-F1) Letter: William J. Howe, Headquarters, 1st Brigade Cavalry, 1st Division, 7th Army Corp. Department of the Cumberland, Camp Healthy, Tennessee, to Jeanette K. Howe, n.p., 1863 May 8-9. AL; 4 pages on two ledger sheets.
                                                                  Howe voices his frustration at news of Union defeat at Chancellorsville, after hearing false reports two days earlier that Gen. Hooker had won that battle. He rails against draft exemption payments and substitutes.
                                                                  • Folder 32 (MSN/CW 1015-32-F1) Letter: William J. Howe, Headquarters, 1st Brigade Cavalry, near Murfreesboro, Tennessee, to Jeanette K. Howe, Troy, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, 1863 May 13. ALS; 2 pages on one ledger sheet, with envelope.
                                                                    Howe writes about life in camp. He expresses optimism about the war after hearing of the deaths of Stonewall Jackson and Earl Van Dorn.
                                                                    • Folder 33 (MSN/CW 1015-33-F1) Letter: William J. Howe, Headquarters, 1st Brigade Cavalry, 12 miles from Middleton, Tennessee, to Jeanette K. Howe, n.p., 1863 May 27. ALS; 2 pages on one ledger sheet.
                                                                      Howe describes a small victory by his regiment at Middleton, Tennessee during an expedition from Murfreesboro to Middleton. He also writes about people at home and asks Jeanette to send messages to them for him.
                                                                      • Folder 34 (MSN/CW 1015-34-F1) Letter: William J. Howe, Headquarters, Cavalry Brigade, Tennessee, to Jeanette K. Howe, n.p., 1863 May 29. ALS; 2 pages on one ledger sheet.
                                                                        Howe expresses contempt for Copperheads back home and cites (premature) news that Vicksburg has been taken to justify his optimism about the war. He also writes about camp life and picking up escaped slaves and vows to send money home to Jeanette's family.
                                                                        • Folder 35 (MSN/CW 1015-35-F1) Letter: William J. Howe, Salem, Tennessee, to Jeanette K. Howe, n.p., 1863 July 24. ALS; 2 pages on one ledger sheet.
                                                                          Howe writes with optimism about the war after Union victories in July. He also discusses life in the army, recent movements of his unit and people back home.
                                                                          • Folder 36 (MSN/CW 1015-36) Letter: William J. Howe, McMinnville, Tennessee, to Jeanette K. Howe, n.p., 1863 August 14. ALS; 3 pages on one folded sheet.
                                                                            Howe writes about people at home and expresses relief at having paid off his debts.
                                                                            • Folder 37 (MSN/CW 1015-37) Letter: William J. Howe, Headquarters Cavalry Command, Stevenson, Alabama, to Jeanette K. Howe, Troy, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, 1863 September 3. ALS; 4 pages on one folded sheet, with envelope.
                                                                              Howe writes from Alabama following Bragg's retreat from Chattanooga.
                                                                              • Folder 38 (MSN/CW 1015-38) Letter: William J. Howe, Salem, Tennessee, to Jeanette K. Howe, Troy, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, 1863 October 15. ALS; 1 page on one sheet, with envelope.
                                                                                Howe mentions that he and his brothers are well and that he will write at greater length when he has time.
                                                                                • Folder 39 (MSN/CW 1015-39) Letter: William J. Howe, Decherd Station, Tennessee, to Jeanette K. Howe, Troy, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, 1863 October 18. ALS; 7 pages on two folded sheets, with envelope.
                                                                                  Howe summarizes his movements since leaving Murfreesboro in June, mentioning many cavalry actions as well as the battle of Chickamauga. He responds to his wife's questions about mustering out, pay, and other matters.
                                                                                  • Folder 40 (MSN/CW 1015-40) Letter: William J. Howe, Nashville, Tennessee, to Jeanette K. Howe, Troy, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, 1863 November 5. ALS; 4 pages on one folded sheet, with envelope.
                                                                                    Howe is on detached duty in Nashville, seeking horses.
                                                                                    • Folder 41 (MSN/CW 1015-41) Letter: William J. Howe, Nashville, Tennessee, to Jeanette K. Howe, Troy, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, 1863 November 27. ALS; 4 pages on one folded sheet, with envelope.
                                                                                      Howe writes from Nashville about the breaking of the siege at Chattanooga.
                                                                                      • Folder 42 (MSN/CW 1015-42) Letter: William J. Howe, Huntsville, Alabama, to Jeanette K. Howe, Troy, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, 1863 December 10. ALS; 4 pages on one folded sheet, with envelope.
                                                                                        Howe mentions that he is doing provost guard duty in Huntsville, and writes about military life and people at home.
                                                                                        • Folder 43 (MSN/CW 1015-43) Letter: William J. Howe, Huntsville, Alabama, to Jeanette K. Howe, Troy, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, 1863 December 16. ALS; 4 pages on one folded sheet, with envelope.
                                                                                          Howe writes about camp life, people back home, the draft and things that his wife sent him.
                                                                                          • Folder 44 (MSN/CW 1015-44) Letter: William J. Howe, Huntsville, Alabama, to Jeanette K. Howe, Troy, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, 1863 December 19. ALS; 4 pages on one folded sheet, with envelope.
                                                                                            Howe attempts to justify to Jeanette his decision to re-enlist. He also writes about the military situation in the area.
                                                                                            • Folder 45 (MSN/CW 1015-45) Letter: William J. Howe, Tennessee, to Jeanette K. Howe, n.p., n.d. ALS; 4 pages on one folded sheet. First sheet lacking.
                                                                                              In this partial letter, possibly written in February or March 1863, Howe discusses the horrors of war, destruction to Tennessee caused by the Union army and people at home.
                                                                                              • Folder 46 (MSN/CW 1015-46) Letter: William J. Howe, Camp Curtin, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, to Jeanette K. Howe, Troy, Pennsylvania, 1864 February 28. ALS; 2 pages on one folded sheet, with envelope.
                                                                                                Howe mentions that his unit has returned to Harrisburg for refitting and recruitment and writes about people at home.
                                                                                                • Folder 47 (MSN/CW 1015-47) Letter: William J. Howe, Nashville, Tennessee, to Jeanette K. Howe, Troy, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, 1864 March 9. ALS; 4 pages on one folded sheet, with envelope.
                                                                                                  Howe notes that his regiment has moved south to Nashville and writes about his brother, soldiers in the unit and people at home.
                                                                                                  • Folder 48 (MSN/CW 1015-48) Letter: William J. Howe, Camp "Organization", two miles south of Nashville, Tennessee, to Jeanette K. Howe, Troy, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, 1864 March 14. ALS; 4 pages on one folded sheet, with envelope.
                                                                                                    Howe describes life in the camp, fellow soldiers and expresses optimism that the war will soon end.
                                                                                                    • Folder 49 (MSN/CW 1015-49) Letter: William J. Howe, Camp Minty, Nashville, Tennessee, to Jeanette K. Howe, Troy, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, 1864 March 21. ALS; 4 pages on one folded sheet, with envelope.
                                                                                                      Howe writes about life in camp after returning to Tennessee. He also mentions that his unit is waiting to be reequipped for combat.
                                                                                                      • Folder 50 (MSN/CW 1015-50) Letter: William J. Howe, Camp Minty, Nashville, Tennessee, to Jeanette K. Howe, Troy, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, 1864 March 27. ALS; 4 pages on one folded sheet, with envelope.
                                                                                                        More on about camp life.
                                                                                                        • Folder 51 (MSN/CW 1015-51) Letter: William J. Howe, Camp Gerard near Nashville, Tennessee, to Jeanette K. Howe, Troy, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, 1864 April 3. ALS; 4 pages on one folded sheet, with envelope.
                                                                                                          Howe writes about waiting for his pay and provides an assessment of the war.
                                                                                                          • Folder 52 (MSN/CW 1015-52) Letter: William J. Howe, Camp Gerard near Nashville, Tennessee, to Jeanette K. Howe, Troy, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, 1864 April 9. ALS; 5 pages on one folded sheet and one sheet, with envelope.
                                                                                                            Much on Jeanette's family.
                                                                                                            • Folder 53 (MSN/CW 1015-53) Letter: William J. Howe, Camp Gerard near Nashville, Tennessee, to Jeanette K. Howe, Troy, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, 1864 April 15. AL; 4 pages on one folded sheet, with envelope.
                                                                                                              Howe's writes about the situation in his company and discusses changes to his bounty and enlistment period due to a shift in government policy.
                                                                                                              • Folder 54 (MSN/CW 1015-54) Letter: William J. Howe, Columbia, Tennessee, to Jeanette K. Howe, n.p., 1864 April 27. ALS; 4 pages on one folded sheet.
                                                                                                                Howe's writes about his unit being ready to move out, people at home and the possibility of leaving the army in the fall due to changes in bounty policy.
                                                                                                                • Folder 55 (MSN/CW 1015-55) Letter: William J. Howe, Chattanooga, Tennessee, to Jeanette K. Howe, Troy, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, 1864 May 13. ALS; 4 pages on one folded sheet, with envelope.
                                                                                                                  Howe writes that he has been detailed to work in a sawmill near Chattanooga after his horse gave out. He provides a rosy assessment of the war.
                                                                                                                  • Folder 56 (MSN/CW 1015-56) Letter: William J. Howe, Headquarters steam sawmill, Chattanooga, Tennessee, to Jeanette K. Howe, n.p., 1864 May 21. ALS; 4 pages on one folded sheet.
                                                                                                                    Howe describes life at the mill. He notes that he is unable to join his regiment in battle and contemplates how much more money he'd make if he left the army.
                                                                                                                    • Folder 57 (MSN/CW 1015-57) Letter: William J. Howe, Chattanooga, Tennessee, to Jeanette K. Howe, n.p., 1864 May 28. ALS; 4 pages on one folded sheet.
                                                                                                                      Howe writes about war hearsay, life near Chattanooga and Jeanette's family.
                                                                                                                      • Folder 58 (MSN/CW 1015-58) Letter: William J. Howe, Fraziers Bend, Tennessee, to Jeanette K. Howe, Troy, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, 1864 June 15. ALS; 4 pages on one folded sheet, with envelope.
                                                                                                                        Howe mentions that he has now been sent on detached duty to a place 60 miles east of Chattanooga to protect a logging operation on the banks of the Tennessee river.
                                                                                                                        • Folder 59 (MSN/CW 1015-59) Letter: William J. Howe, Fraziers Bend, Tennessee, to Jeanette K. Howe, Troy, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, 1864 June 27. ALS; 4 pages on one folded sheet, with envelope.
                                                                                                                          More on life at Fraziers Bend and news of the regiment.
                                                                                                                          • Folder 60 (MSN/CW 1015-60) Letter: William J. Howe, Fraziers Bend, Tennessee, to Jeanette K. Howe, Troy, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, 1864 July 3. ALS; 3 pages on one folded sheet, with envelope.
                                                                                                                            Another letter about life in Fraziers Bend.
                                                                                                                            • Folder 61 (MSN/CW 1015-61) Letter: William J. Howe, Fraziers Bend, Tennessee, to Jeanette K. Howe, Troy, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, 1864 July 9. ALS; 3 pages on one folded sheet, with envelope.
                                                                                                                              Fraziers Bend and news of the regiment's activities.
                                                                                                                              • Folder 62 (MSN/CW 1015-62) Letter: William J. Howe, Fraziers Bend, Tennessee, to Jeanette K. Howe, Troy, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, 1864 July 17. ALS; 4 pages on one folded sheet, with envelope.
                                                                                                                                Howe writes about Jeanette's family, his unit and life in Fraziers Bend.
                                                                                                                                • Folder 63 (MSN/CW 1015-63) Letter: William J. Howe, Fraziers Bend, Tennessee, to Jeanette K. Howe, Troy, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, 1864 July 25. ALS; 4 pages on one folded sheet, with envelope.
                                                                                                                                  Another letter from Howe's time in Fraziers Bend.
                                                                                                                                  • Folder 64 (MSN/CW 1015-64) Letter: William J. Howe, Stewarts Warehouse, East Tennessee, to Jeanette K. Howe, Troy, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, 1864 August 4. ALS; 8 pages on two folded sheets, with envelope.
                                                                                                                                    Howe writes that he has moved 16 miles upriver from Fraziers Bend to chase a group of Confederate guerillas. He is optimistic about the military situation in the western theater of the war but expresses frustration with Lincoln and events in the eastern theater.
                                                                                                                                    • Folder 65 (MSN/CW 1015-65) Letter: William J. Howe, Chattanooga, Tennessee, to Jeanette K. Howe, Troy, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, 1864 August 30. AL; 4 pages on one folded sheet, with envelope.
                                                                                                                                      Howe mentions that his camp was destroyed by Wheeler's raid into East Tennessee and that he barely escaped. He describes losses in his unit.
                                                                                                                                      • Folder 66 (MSN/CW 1015-66) Letter: William J. Howe, Columbia, Tennessee to Jeanette K. Howe, Alba, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, 1864 September 2. AL; 4 pages on one folded sheet, with envelope. First sheet(s) lacking.
                                                                                                                                        On detached duty at Columbia. Comments on affairs at home.
                                                                                                                                        • Folder 67 (MSN/CW 1015-67) Letter: William J. Howe, Columbia, Tennessee, to Jeanette K. Howe, Troy, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, 1864 September 16. ALS; 4 pages on one folded sheet, with envelope.
                                                                                                                                          Howe writes to Jeanette that he has been sent back to Columbia. He discusses the situation of the war, soldiers being allowed to vote in the 1864 election and the bounty he will receive for his service.
                                                                                                                                          • Folder 68 (MSN/CW 1015-68) Letter: William J. Howe, Columbia, Tennessee, to Jeanette K. Howe, n.p., 1864 September 25. AL; 4 pages on one folded sheet.
                                                                                                                                            Howe mentions that he has decided to re-enlist. He discusses the upcoming election and voices his dislike of Lincoln and his handling of the war.
                                                                                                                                            • Folder 69 (MSN/CW 1015-69) Letter: William J. Howe, Columbia, Tennessee, to Jeanette K. Howe, Alba, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, 1864 October 10. AL; 4 pages on one folded sheet.
                                                                                                                                              Howe writes about the war, fellow soldiers, the death of a well liked officer, people at home and notes that the military situation in his area is quiet.
                                                                                                                                              • Folder 70 (MSN/CW 1015-70) Letter: William J. Howe, Camp near Columbia, Tennessee, to Jeanette K. Howe, Troy, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, 1864 October 13. ALS; 4 pages on one folded sheet, with envelope.
                                                                                                                                                Howe writes about voting in the election and people back home.
                                                                                                                                                • Folder 71 (MSN/CW 1015-71) Letter: William J. Howe, Camp near Columbia, Tennessee, to Jeanette K. Howe, n.p., 1864 October 18. ALS; 4 pages on one folded sheet.
                                                                                                                                                  Howe's letter discusses army life, the military situation in the western theater and people at home.
                                                                                                                                                  • Folder 72 (MSN/CW 1015-72) Letter: William J. Howe, Camp near Columbia, Tennessee, to Jeanette K. Howe, Alba, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, 1864 October 21. ALS; 4 pages on one folded sheet, with envelope.
                                                                                                                                                    Howe writes mostly about the early stages of the Franklin-Nashville Campaign, the prospects of getting a larger bounty and his feeling that the presidential election is rigged against his preferred candidate, McClellan.
                                                                                                                                                    • Folder 73 (MSN/CW 1015-73) Letter: William J. Howe, Columbia, Tennessee, to Jeanette K. Howe, n.p., 1864 October 23. AL; 4 pages on one folded sheet, with envelope.
                                                                                                                                                      Howe writes about the military situation of the war and gives his views on why the war has gone on so long.
                                                                                                                                                      • Folder 74 (MSN/CW 1015-74) Letter: William J. Howe, Columbia, Tennessee, to Jeanette K. Howe, Alba, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, 1864 November 7. ALS; 4 pages on one folded sheet, with envelope.
                                                                                                                                                        Howe describes the family with whom he is billeted in Columbia, and voices his satisfaction at being detailed to the regimental provost guard.
                                                                                                                                                        • Folder 75 (MSN/CW 1015-75) Letter: William J. Howe, Columbia, Tennessee, to Jeanette K. Howe, Troy, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, 1864 November 15. ALS; 4 pages on one folded sheet, with envelope.
                                                                                                                                                          Howe discusses the war and life near Columbia.
                                                                                                                                                          • Folder 76 (MSN/CW 1015-76) Letter: William J. Howe, Louisville, Kentucky, to Jeanette K. Howe, n.p., 1864 November 28. ALS; 4 pages on one folded sheet.
                                                                                                                                                            Howe mentions that his unit has gone to Louisville for refitting. He describes events that he saw along the way, such as a fellow soldier being shot and killed by a civilian after he broke into the man's home and his unit rescuing the passengers of a sunken ship. Howe also writes about the war and Louisville.
                                                                                                                                                            • Folder 77 (MSN/CW 1015-77) Letter: William J. Howe, Camp near Louisville, Kentucky, to Jeanette K. Howe, Alba, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, 1864 December 15. ALS; 4 pages on one folded sheet, with envelope.
                                                                                                                                                              Howe writes mostly about Jeanette's family and the people at home.
                                                                                                                                                              • Folder 78 (MSN/CW 1015-78) Letter: William J. Howe, Camp 6 miles from Nashville, Tennessee, to Jeanette K. Howe, Alba, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, 1865 January 8. ALS; 8 pages on two folded sheets.
                                                                                                                                                                Having left Louisville on 28 December, Howe is stationed along the Gallatin Pike, six miles from Nashville. He describes two incidents in which pro-Confederate guerillas ambushed and killed soldiers and officers in his unit. He laments the ruin caused by the war, and condemns both the abolitionists and the Southern aristocrats whom he regards as responsible.
                                                                                                                                                                • Folder 79 (MSN/CW 1015-79) Letter: William J. Howe, Camp near Columbia, Tennessee, to Jeanette K. Howe, Alba, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, 1865 January 17. ALS; 4 pages on one folded sheet, with envelope.
                                                                                                                                                                  The regiment continues to move south. Howe describes the devastation caused by the Franklin-Nashville campaign.
                                                                                                                                                                  • Folder 80 (MSN/CW 1015-80) Letter: William J. Howe, Gravelly Springs, Alabama, to Jeanette K. Howe, Alba, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, 1865 February 2. ALS; 8 pages on two folded sheets, with envelope.
                                                                                                                                                                    Building winter quarters at Gravelly Springs, Alabama on the Tennessee River. Five Union cavalry divisions were assembled in the vicinity, under Maj. Gen. James Wilson.
                                                                                                                                                                    • Folder 81 (MSN/CW 1015-81) Letter: William J. Howe, Gravelly Springs, Alabama, to Jeanette K. Howe, Alba, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, 1865 February 7. ALS; 4 pages on one folded sheet, with envelope.
                                                                                                                                                                      Howe discusses camp life, fellow soldiers and people back home.
                                                                                                                                                                      • Folder 82 (MSN/CW 1015-82) Letter: William J. Howe, Gravelly Springs, Alabama, to Jeanette K. Howe, Alba, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, 1865 February 12. ALS; 4 pages on one folded sheet, with envelope.
                                                                                                                                                                        More from Gravelly Springs.
                                                                                                                                                                        • Folder 83 (MSN/CW 1015-83) Letter: William J. Howe, Gravelly Springs, Alabama, to Jeanette K. Howe, Alba, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, 1865 February 20. ALS; 4 pages on one folded sheet, with envelope.
                                                                                                                                                                          Howe writes about the military situation and camp life.
                                                                                                                                                                          • Folder 84 (MSN/CW 1015-84) Letter: William J. Howe, Headquarters, 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, Gravelly Springs, Alabama, to Jeanette K. Howe, Alba, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, 1865 February 25. ALS; 4 pages on one folded sheet, with envelope.
                                                                                                                                                                            Howe mentions that he is now working at brigade headquarters, in the commissary department, herding cattle.
                                                                                                                                                                            • Folder 85 (MSN/CW 1015-85) Letter: William J. Howe, Gravelly Springs, Alabama, to Jeanette K. Howe, Alba, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, 1865 March 11. ALS; 4 pages on one folded sheet, with envelope.
                                                                                                                                                                              Another letter about life in Gravelly Springs.
                                                                                                                                                                              • Folder 86 (MSN/CW 1015-86) Letter: William J. Howe, Chickasaw, Alabama to Jeanette K. Howe, Alba, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, 1865 March 15. ALS; 2 pages on one folded sheet, with envelope.
                                                                                                                                                                                Howe notes that on the 13th the brigade began its summer campaign "which I expect will be down through Mississippi" (this would be Wilson's famous cavalry raid through Alabama and Georgia). He mentions that he was briefly captured by Confederate cavalry when out rounding up cattle, and robbed of everything by them.
                                                                                                                                                                                • Folder 87 (MSN/CW 1015-87) Letter: William J. Howe, near Macon, Georgia to Jeanette K. Howe, Alba, Bradford County, Pennsylvania, 1865 May 18. ALS; 4 pages on one folded sheet, with envelope.
                                                                                                                                                                                  Howe writes to Jeanette of his campaigning since March. He describes the battle of Selma, in which he fought, and mentions the capture of Jefferson Davis.
                                                                                                                                                                                  • Folder 88 (MSN/CW 1015-88) Letter fragments: William J. Howe to Jeanette K. Howe, n.d. 3 pages on two sheets.
                                                                                                                                                                                    • Folder 89 (MSN/CW 1015-89) Miscellaneous envelopes: Mostly William J. Howe to Jeanette K. Howe, ca. 1862-1865. 14 envelopes.
                                                                                                                                                                                    • Series 2: War-date Manuscripts, Printed Ephemera, and Realia 
                                                                                                                                                                                      • Folder 90 (MSN/CW 1015-90) Diary: William J. Howe, 1862-1864. 1 vol., 10 cm., 11 leaves, with 7 pages of entries.
                                                                                                                                                                                        Contains a notation dated 1862 and brief diary entries for 1 to 3 January, 1864.
                                                                                                                                                                                        • Folder 91 (MSN/CW 1015-91) Manuscript entitled "Movements of the 2nd Cavalry Division", 1864 October 12. 4 pages on one folded sheet.
                                                                                                                                                                                          Copied by Howe from the Chattanooga Gazette.
                                                                                                                                                                                          • Folder 92 (MSN/CW 1015-92) Manuscript song lyrics, "The Dying Volunteer," n.d. 4 pages on two sheets.
                                                                                                                                                                                            Copied by Howe in Chattanooga, probably in 1864.
                                                                                                                                                                                            • Folder 93 (MSN/CW 1015-93-F1) Manuscript song lyrics, "On Picket Guard on Stone River (Air Poor Old Slave)," n.d. 2 pages on one sheet.
                                                                                                                                                                                              Copied by Howe.
                                                                                                                                                                                              • Folder 94 (MSN/CW 1015-94) Manuscript record: Special Order No. 26, 1865 May 23. 1 page on 1 sheet.
                                                                                                                                                                                                Detailing Howe for provost guard duty at brigade headquarters.
                                                                                                                                                                                                • Folder 95 (MSN/CW 1015-95) Printed ephemera, 1863-1864. 2 items.
                                                                                                                                                                                                  Contains one three cent bank note from 1863, along with the receipt for a $200 money order sent by Howe to Jeanette from Louisville, Kentucky in December 1864.
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Folder 96 (MSN/CW 1015-96) Needle book, n.d. 1 item.
                                                                                                                                                                                                    A typed notation on the envelope containing the book reads in part: "This is the needle book that my mother made and sent to grandpa when he was in the Army. He carried it all through the Civil war . . . ."
                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Series 3: Later War-related Records 
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Folder 97 (MSN/CW 1015-97) Company C, 7th Pennsylvania Cavalry reunion invitations,  9 invitation cards to reunions of veterans from Howe's company after the war.
                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Folder 98 (MSN/CW 1015-98) G.A.R. roster, 1885. One bound volume, 126 pages.
                                                                                                                                                                                                        One copy of the Grand Army of the Republic Roster: Correct List of the Officers and Delegates of the Grand Army of the Republic, New York, 1885.
                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Folder 99 (MSN/CW 1015-99) Miscellaneous papers, 1897-1906 and n.d. 5 items
                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Folder 100 (MSN/CW 1015-100) William J. Howe government pension records,  12 items
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Folder 101 (MSN/CW 1015-101) A. R. Lebby, "Then and Now (To William J. Howe"),  2 items
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Two copies of the poem "Then And Now", written to Howe by A. R. Lebby, a southerner who met Howe when he was 84.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Series 4: Howe Family Papers 
                                                                                                                                                                                                              • Folder 102 (MSN/CW 1015-102) Howe family photographs, n.d. 9 items
                                                                                                                                                                                                                9 photographs of Howe and family members.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                • Folder 103 (MSN/CW 1015-103) Howe family papers, 1857-1879. 6 items
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Contains Howe and Jeanette's marriage certificate, letters from Jeanette's family and records of a mortgage Howe and Jeanette took out in 1877.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  • Folder 104 (MSN/CW 1015-104) Howe family papers, 1880-1899. 8 items
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Includes letters from Howe to his family, a record relating to his postwar work, notices on the deaths of family members and a record of funeral expenses.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    • Folder 105 (MSN/CW 1015-105) Howe family papers, 1900-1919. 16 items
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Contains records of mortages of Howe and Jeanette, notices of deaths of family members, letters from relatives, and records of Howe's daughter Della.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      • Folder 106 (MSN/CW 1015-106) Howe family papers, 1920-1939. 12 items
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Mainly correspondence and records of Della Howe.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        • Folder 107 (MSN/CW 1015-107) Howe family papers, 1940-1959. 9 items
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Correspondence, records and newspaper clippings belonging to Howe's daughters Della and Olive or relating to them.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          • Folder 108 (MSN/CW 1015-108) Howe family papers, n.d. 9 items
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Correspondence from Howe's daughter and other family members, whose date or year cannot be determined.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            • Folder 109 (MSN/CW 1015-109) Miscellaneous papers, 1901-1993. 7 items plus envelopes.